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What are the real advantages of superdense coding?

TL;DR: While two qubits must be transmitted in total, in the instant where two bits are to be communicated, only one qubit has to be sent. The information being sent is masked, but it is not truly ...
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Does superdense coding allow to double the information capacity of a set of qubits?

The short answer is no: we don't double the capacity. It turns out it's not that quite simple. There is no general mathematical expression that gives you the storage (or processing power) of a number ...
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Why is super-dense coding called the inverse of quantum teleportation?

In quantum teleportation, one starts with an entangled state shared between two parties, and (after some messing at the sender's side), two classical bits are transmitted from one party to the other ...
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What is the practical interest of superdense coding?

No, you need to send only one photon (from the pair). The other party could generate entangled pair and send the entangled photon to you. Or it could be the third party that send both of you your ...
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Can superdense coding be made more efficient?

No, you can't send more than 2 bits per transmitted qubit. Ultradense Coding would allow FTL Signalling. The basic problem is that, if either teleportation or superdense coding was slightly more ...
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Let me call you A and your friend B. You initially share a state $|\psi\rangle$. W.l.o.g., we can write this in its Schmidt decomposition: $$|\psi\rangle = \sum_{i=1}^d \lambda_i |i\rangle_A|i\... • 5,647 6 votes Does 1 qubit correspond to 2 bits? There are two different things at play here: (i) superdense coding and (ii) Holevo's bound. Holevo's bound tells us that n qubits can only store n bits of information. See for example, this ... • 1,813 5 votes Accepted How do you transmit a single qubit of an entangled qubit over? It means moving the qubit from one place to another. The fact that the qubit happens to be entangled with some other qubit elsewhere is irrelevant. The technical details of transmission depend on the ... • 20.7k 5 votes In what ways can qubits be used for applications that do not require entanglement? One (obvious) application is the generation as True Random Number Generators, e.g. IDQ, or you can download some here Free True Random Numbers (please do not use these for security relevant ... • 374 5 votes What is the applicability of quantum network coding? Network coding — both classical network coding, and quantum network coding — is an approach to distributing information by performing simple operations at nodes in a network, acting on ... • 11.8k 4 votes What are the real advantages of superdense coding? Superdense coding can be used to smooth out network utilization by "storing bandwidth". During low utilization, top up the traffic with EPR halves. During high utilization, burn the EPR halves to ... • 33.2k 4 votes Accepted Controlling high-dimensional Hilbert spaces with a single qubit There are a total of 5 qubits. I have 2, and my friend has 3. Clearly the upper bound of classical bits I can send to my friend is 5. But is it possible to find 5 unitary operations I can perform ... • 55.7k 4 votes In what ways can qubits be used for applications that do not require entanglement? Certainly not exhaustive, but to get the ball rolling... One possible application is blind quantum computation. In this, there is a user who wants to complete a computation, but only has the ... • 55.7k 4 votes Accepted Eavesdropping in superdense coding: why can't the third party infer anything about the message? Mathematically, this has nothing to do with the positivity of E. It doesn't really have anything to do with E at all - it's a property of the Bell states themselves (you've probably not got there ... • 55.7k 4 votes Accepted Superdense coding circuit returns wrong result Bit ordering convention in Qiskit is reversed to what is common in many physics textbooks. From Qiskit textbook: The bit we flipped, which comes from qubit 7, lives on the far left of the string. ... • 318 4 votes Accepted Does 1 qubit correspond to 2 bits? Lets start with notion that n qubits are equivalent to 2^n classical bits. This is wrong. However, it is true that to describe a quantum state composed of n qubits we need 2^n complex numbers ... • 13.6k 4 votes Accepted What does it look like to split an EPR pair? The whole point of an EPR pair is that you cannot write (without losing some information) "This is what Alice has" and "This is what Bob has". Partial descriptions can be given using reduced density ... • 55.7k 3 votes Strange inequivalence between superdense coding and teleportation Imagine we have some two-qubit state \omega which Bob holds after the transmission of a qubit from Alice. For superdense coding, he's going to measure it in the Bell basis. Let's assume the answer ... • 55.7k 3 votes Accepted Does sending a qubit using a quantum network through some conventional physical medium mean it is not with sender anymore after sending? Yes, your understanding is correct: when Alice sends her qubit to Bob, she doesn't have that qubit any longer. Entangled pairs of qubits distributed between the parties are a resource that is used up: ... • 8,705 3 votes Eavesdropping in superdense coding: why can't the third party infer anything about the message? This happens for any maximally entangled state |\Psi\rangle and operator E. Indeed, a maximally entangled state is, by definition, one whose partial trace is the maximally mixed one. Writing |\... • 23.3k 3 votes If Alice and Bob share a Bell state, can Alice send her individual qubit to a third party? Q1) The qubits in the |\Phi^+\rangle state are entangled - this means that (by definition) you can not represent the state of one of them individually without talking about the second one (... • 8,705 3 votes Accepted What is the difference between quantum teleportation and quantum entanglement with dense coding? Both teleportation and (super)dense coding use entanglement as a resource. I like to think that one is dual to the other, as the quantum circuits are, basically, inverses of each other. For example, ... • 10.7k 2 votes Why is super-dense coding called the inverse of quantum teleportation? Basically quantum teleportation is in facto the determinate side of super-dense coding. In superdense coding we fit two classical bits of information using fairly a single qubit. On the other hand, ... 2 votes In what ways can qubits be used for applications that do not require entanglement? In lecture 4 of O'Donnell's series on quantum computing, he introduces the Elitzur-Vaidman bomb tester, which is an interesting application of the quantum Zeno effect. O'Donnell introduces the bomb ... • 10.7k 2 votes Are superdense coding and teleportation just a prototype or the 'only' type? As for superdense coding, you can design different schemes for n, m qubits, but they are not giving any advantage over a simple scheme 1 \text{qubit} + 1 \text{ebit} \rightarrow 2 \text{cbits}. In ... • 6,711 2 votes Accepted How is the qubit sent from Alice to Bob in superdense coding? So to clarify, in your steps above, Alice and Bob each of one qubit of the entangled EPR pair in (1), Alice performs some gate on her qubit/half of the pair in (2) based on the two bits she wishes to ... • 1,380 2 votes What is the implementation of the state in superdense coding? If you apply \mathrm{X} on second qubit, you will get state$$ \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}(|00\rangle - |11\rangle)  After that you can apply $\mathrm{Z}$ on second qubit as well to get Bell state $\beta_{... • 13.6k 2 votes Accepted $2$ebits$+1$bit$ = 2\$ bits?

The protocol you describe is correct, but the resource estimation is wrong. Furthermore, something like superdense coding with purely classical bits is prohibited by the No-Signaling Principle. This ...
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