# Questions tagged [vqe]

For questions about the Variational Quantum Eigensolver, a quantum/classical hybrid algorithm that can be used to find eigenvalues of a (often large) matrix H. When this algorithm is used in quantum simulations, H is typically the Hamiltonian of some system. In this hybrid algorithm, a quantum subroutine is run inside of a classical optimization loop.

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### How to solve an optimization problem that includes "continuous" variables with constrains using QAOA/VQE?

Here is the code from the previous question I asked on the same topic: How to solve quadratic programming problems with continuous variables and continuous constraints by using quantum algorithms? ...
1 vote
321 views

### Why do the qasm_simulator runtimes vary significantly for different IBMQ CouplingMap/NoiseModels?

I have been running VQE experiments locally using the qasm_simulator with actual IBMQBackend NoiseModels as shown in the Qiskit Textbook. I have noticed that the ...
64 views

### Implementing cphase gate on IonQ through Amazon Braket

I am implementing a VQE algorithm where I need controlled phase gate as part of ansatz circuit. I am using Amazon Braket service. Ionq processor however does not support c-phase gate or phase gate. ...
576 views

### VQE Cirq example

Is my understanding correct that in this example the Hamiltonian measurement is not performed through measuring individual Pauli operators because all its terms are mutually commuting? So, for each ...
1 vote
70 views

### Need help regarding building a custom VQE

I want to write code for a custom Variational Quantum Eigensolver (VQE) capable of computing eigenvalue(s) for non-Hermitian systems, based on this paper. I have formulated a cost function (provided ...
1 vote
36 views

### Getting a numeric result from the variational quantum eigensolver

I am confused about how the VQE is able to print out a decimal number for the ground state energy of a molecule. For example, for $\text{LiH}$, the ground state energy I get for an interatomic ...
1 vote
109 views

### Calculating state fidelity and space complexity of Minimum Eigen Optimizers (VQE, QAOA and Grover Optimizer) in qiskit

I'm a beginner in using Qiskit and my Computer Science background is not extensive. But I understand the Quantum Physics aspects of it relatively well. I solved a QUBO problem in Qiskit using VQE (...
324 views

### Hamiltonian & QubitMappingType cannot be imported from qiskit.chemistry.core

I'm trying to implement the same Jupyter notebook in The Variational Quantum Eigensolver — Programming on Quantum Computers — Coding with Qiskit S2E4;however,I found a problem: Error: ...
1 vote
20 views

### Why is quantum annealing not used in optimization for variational quantum algorithms?

I have been learning about variational quantum algorithms and encountered that none of the articles talk about using quantum annealers for optimization of the parameters ? I have however encountered ...
1 vote
895 views

### Unable to retrieve result for Job Error during VQE simulation

I am attempting to run a VQE calculation on the 'ibmq_qasm_simulator'. The job is failing with a series of errors caused by: ...
224 views

### QVA with local Hadamard Overlap

I am trying to implement in Qiskit the quantum variational linear solver given here (https://arxiv.org/pdf/1909.05820.pdf) with a local Hadamard overlap test and failing substantially. The cost is not ...
1 vote
59 views

### Pennylane variational classifier demo - need for padding

In the variational classifier demo from Pennylane, the data loading is performed with ...
726 views

### How can I run a VQE on one of IBMQ's Quantum Computers

I have implemented a VQE based on Qiskit's VQE function and want to run that on an actual quantum computer. My understanding was, that an IBMQ backend can be passed into the function as a Quantum ...
171 views

### How to assign new parameters to an existing quantum circuit?

Say I have a quantum circuit like this This is an ansatz for solving linear equation provided in the Qiskit's textbook In the textbook, it was shown how to find the optimal parameters of this ansatz ...
345 views

### VQE jobs do not appear in queue

I am trying to calculate the ground state energy of some simple molecules using 'MolecularGroundStateEnergy' tools in qiskit. When I run the calculations for very small molecules (e.g. H2, HeH+) the ...
19 views

### Understanding the Role of Qiskit's VQE Code in Light of Pre-calculated Zero-Point Vibrational Energy in Gaussian Files

In the context of quantum computational chemistry, the Qiskit VQE (Variational Quantum Eigensolver) code is often used to calculate the vibrational energies of molecules, including the zero-point ...
171 views

### Why is it hard to prove complexity bounds for variational algorithms?

I'm not very familiar with variational algorithms, but I've heard people say that they're "heuristic" and it's difficult to measure their performance via complexity analysis. Why is this the ...
44 views

### How to update angles

I am struggling to understand the concept of updating angles in a parameterized algorithm. Assume I have an objective function $x^2+1$ that I want to optimize using QAOA which can handle continuous ...
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### Save output, wavefunction file and orbital information in Qiskit

I am going through LiH ground state energy calculation. I would like to know how to save the output file in Qiskit as one would do in classical computing using software like Gaussian or Psi4. Can ...
1 vote
71 views

### Is Qiskit's Estimator Primitive running PauliStrings in Parallel?

I am trying to run the following code: ...
288 views

### How can I get the counts, as well as the solution bitstring from Qiskit VQE?

I just set up a Qiskit VQE algorithm and calculated the eigenstates. However, I'm searching now, how to show up the final, most likely solution-bit-string. And/or to print the counts. I actually ...
34 views

### Qiskit noisy FakeManila simulator + ZNE

I am trying to run a simple VQE calculation on H2 using FakeManila noise model and ZNE for error mitigation; see code below. The problem is that I can never reach not even close the ground electronic ...
153 views

1 vote
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### Is there a way to find the computational resources required to perform a simulation of n- qubits in Cirq similar to qsim?

I’m trying to model basic spin chains in 1D using VQE (ideal circuit) with cirq and qsim. The models have between 10-20 sites and varying interactions (nearest neighbour, next to nearest neighbour etc)...
140 views

### qiskit-nature accessing circuit

There are some very nice examples on how to handle circuits using qiskit. However, once we get to the qiskit-nature documentation, it feels like a complete new world for the untrained eye. I am ...
1 vote
36 views

### Efficient classical simulation technique to execute this specific quantum circuit

I have a quantum circuit similar to the ones used in VQE methods. One difference is that the angles of the $R_y$ rotations are limited in the range $[0, 0.2]$ (and chosen randomly). In my case, I have ...
1 vote
86 views

### VQE for Vibrational ground state energy

I was reading this article. In this article, they calculated the vibrational energy of CO2 and NH3 molecules using VQE, and I checked qiskit documentation for finding Vibrational energy using qiskit. ...
1k views

### Help on PySCF library

I am a student and I am trying to use qiskit nature in order to calculate the ground state energy of a molecule. My probelm is that when I try to run the simulation an error message comes out: ...
31 views

### Recovering phases in $2n$-bit binary representation of n-qubit Paulis

I am currently going through a paper discussing Pauli sampling strategies for VQE: https://arxiv.org/abs/1908.06942 I want to code and test their strategy. They explain how to create a circuit ...
1 vote
59 views

### Ground state returned by VQE is not an eigenstate?

With my VQE algorithm, I want to obtain both the ground state energy and its corresponding ground eigenstate. However, the state I reach using VQE is usually very different from the true ground ...
1 vote
194 views

### Where can I find tutorials on quantum variational algorithms?

I am interested in learning about quantum algorithms, especially quantum variational algorithms. I would like to know where I can find resources that delve into specific quantum variational algorithms ...
317 views

### How to represent Beam-Splitter and Kerr gates as basic quantum logic gates?

I want to know how to convert these exponential forms to tensor products of well known logic gates (like the ones built into Qiskit). My goal is to program the Beam-splitter-Kerr ansatz circuit for ...