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# Questions tagged [trotterization]

For questions regarding Trotterization, concerning product formulas related to quantum simulation, Trotter errors, Trotter-Suzuki limits and their applications and implementation in quantum computers.

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### Qiskit: Evolve TrotterQRTE from Operator

I am trying to implement the method in the following paper: Exponential Quantum Speedup in Simulating Coupled Classical Oscillators using Qiskit. All is good until I call evolve on ...
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1 vote
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### Calculating Nested Commutator using a program

The $\tilde\alpha_{\text{comm}}$ mentioned in Theory of Trotter Error paper is calculated via the nested commutators. For a Hamiltonian $H = \sum_\gamma H_\gamma$, the formula for pth order is as ...
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### Spin Hamiltonian to Quantum Circuits and are there any group theory associated with the quantum circuits?

Can we think of Quantum Circuits as another representation to describe the dynamics of a system other than its Hamiltonian? How can we go from the spin Hamiltonian version (for eg: SSH Model ...
41 views

### Trotterized time-evolution with tensorcircuit

I would like to do a Trotterized time-evolution with Tensorcircuit of a spin-Hamiltonian and started with the example https://github.com/tencent-quantum-lab/tensorcircuit/blob/master/examples/...
111 views

### Time evolution of Hamiltonian

I have given the following Hamiltonian $$\tilde H = - J_x (X_0 X_1 + X_2 X_3) - J_z (Z_0 Z_2 + Z_1 Z_3) - h\sum_j X_j + Z_j$$ Where, for example, $X_0 = \sigma^x \otimes I \otimes I \otimes I$ and I ...
• 85
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### Do Aharanov and Ta-Shma treat the entries of a sparse Hamiltonian as edges of a graph?

Background and history The mid-90's to early 2000's work on Hamiltonian simulation saw some pretty rapid advances. Within two years of Shor's algorithm, Lloyd outlined how Trotterization can lead to ...
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257 views

### Applying Suzuki-Trotter approximation to a Quantum Circuit in Qiskit

I am trying to apply the Suzuki-Trotter approximation to a quantum circuit in Qiskit. However, when I attempt to use the st.synthesize() method on my quantum circuit, I encounter the following error: <...
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1 vote
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### How do I use 'aux_operators' in 'TrotterQRTE' time evolution problem?

I'm trying to evolve a 3 qubit system under a Pauli Sum Hamiltonian in QISKIT using the TrotterQRTE method, and observe the projection of on the singlet state at every time step. How do I program the ...
• 755
1 vote
67 views

### How to Trotterize a CNOT gate?

I came across a paper that said that they Trotterized a CNOT gate into 4 blocks of CU gates where the CU gate parameters are specified. This was all done on Qiskit. How does this Trotterization ...
• 51
1 vote
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### How to implement Hamiltonian $0.01Z$?

I have a task in an assignment that wants me to apply a Hamiltonian to a state. The Hamiltonial is 0.01*sigma_z. I know how to apply a Z gate to a state but I don't know to process the factor 0.01 in ...
255 views

### Is it possible to implement any random Hamiltonian using quantum circuit

Are there any restrictions on implementing the evolution of any random Hamiltonian? Suppose I want to implement Rabi oscillations using a quantum circuit, I initialize the state and the Hamiltonian ...
1k views

### What is the difference between Trotter, Lie-Trotter and Trotter-Suzuki approximations?

What is the difference between (1) Trotter (2) Lie-Trotter and (3) Trotter-Suzuki approximation? Are they all different? what are the formulas and errors associated in each of these approximations in ...
76 views

### Exponentiating a multi-controlled NOT gate for trotterization

I am trying to exponentiate a multi-controlled NOT gate (MCX) via .exp_i() function for trotterization in Qiskit , but I cannot find such a gate represented in opflow. Is there a convenient way around ...
1 vote
336 views

### Jordan-Wigner Transform and Trotterization: which goes first?

I've been reading this paper about the procedure to simulate a many-body quantum system on a quantum device. I got confused by Figure 1. on page 3, and the 3 steps explained below the figure. It seems ...
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1 vote
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### Using QDRIFT on qiskit

I was recently trying to use Qiskit's inbuilt QDRIFT to construct a circuit for a simple Hamiltonian $H = XX + YY$. but I'm having an issue converting the result of ...
• 381
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### Confirming locality of a Hamiltonian through decomposition

I was trying to understand Trotterization. The given Hamiltonian is decomposed into a sum of $k$-local Hamiltonians which can be exponentiated in $O(1)$ gate complexity. After which the Trotter ...
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### Investigating the scaling of the error of a Trotter-Suzuki-approximation

I am doing an assignment and I am being asked to investigate the scaling of the error with the number of repetions $n$ of a approximation of the Hadamard with $R_x$ and $R_y$. This is the ...
423 views

### How to do rotations along arbitrary multi-qubit basis

I was trying to implement Trotterization for a $k$-local Hamiltonian simulation using qiskit. For this, say I want to apply $e^{\lambda \sigma^1_z \otimes \sigma^2_z \otimes \sigma^3_z}$ (this being ...
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### Trotter error for bosons in various encodings

Mapping second-quantized bosonic modes onto qubits can be done using various encodings. Each of those have their pro et contra. Fewer qubits — more gates, and vice versa. Encoding an $N$-level bosonic ...
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