Questions tagged [trace-distance]

In quantum mechanics, and especially quantum information and the study of open quantum systems, the trace distance T is a metric on the space of density matrices and gives a measure of the distinguishability between two states. It is the quantum generalization of the Kolmogorov distance for classical probability distributions. (Wikipedia)

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
7
votes
1answer
178 views

Does the trace distance have a geometrical interpretation?

Consider the trace distance between two quantum states $\rho,\sigma$, defined via $$D(\rho,\sigma)=\frac12\operatorname{Tr}|\rho-\sigma|,$$ where $|A|\equiv\sqrt{A^\dagger A}$. When $\rho$ and $\...
6
votes
2answers
127 views

Prove that $\|p^{\otimes n} - q^{\otimes n}\| \leq n \|p-q\|$ for density operators $p,q$

I've been trying to figure this out for a while and I'm totally lost. My goal is to show that for two density operators $p$, $q$, that $$||p^{\otimes n} - q^{\otimes n}|| \leq n ||p-q||$$ So far ...
4
votes
1answer
108 views

Is the diamond norm subadditive under composition?

The diamond norm distance between two operations is the maximum trace distance between their outputs for any input (including inputs entangled with qubits not being operated on). Is it the case that ...
6
votes
2answers
297 views

What is intuition for the trace distance between quantum states?

Given two mixed states $\rho$ and $\sigma$, the trace distance between the states is defined by $\sum_{i=1}^n |\lambda_i|$, where $\lambda_i$'s are eigenvalues of $\rho - \sigma$. I know the ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

Trace distance of two classical-quantum states

I have these two classical-quantum states: $$\rho = \sum_{a} \lvert a\rangle \langle a\lvert \otimes q^a \\ \mu = \sum_{a} \lvert a\rangle \langle a\lvert \otimes r^a $$ Where $a$ are the classical ...