Questions tagged [trace-distance]

In quantum mechanics, and especially quantum information and the study of open quantum systems, the trace distance T is a metric on the space of density matrices and gives a measure of the distinguishability between two states. It is the quantum generalization of the Kolmogorov distance for classical probability distributions. (Wikipedia)

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What is intuition for the trace distance between quantum states?

Given two mixed states $\rho$ and $\sigma$, the trace distance between the states is defined by $\sum_{i=1}^n |\lambda_i|$, where $\lambda_i$'s are eigenvalues of $\rho - \sigma$. I know the ...
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Trace distance of two classical-quantum states

I have these two classical-quantum states: $$\rho = \sum_{a} \lvert a\rangle \langle a\lvert \otimes q^a \\ \mu = \sum_{a} \lvert a\rangle \langle a\lvert \otimes r^a $$ Where $a$ are the classical ...