Questions tagged [superconducting-quantum-computing]

For questions about the superconducting realization of quantum computers. Questions can be about both the implementation of this realization or the theory behind this realization. If you are asking about a specific aspect of superconducting quantum computers, please also tag with that (i.e., if you are also asking about the Josephson junction, tag with that).

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
5
votes
1answer
198 views

Is the Solovay-Kitaev theorem relevant for modern hardware?

The Solovay-Kitaev theorem (and more recent improvements) explains how to efficiently compile any 2-qubit unitary into any universal (dense) finite set of gates. My question is if this theorem is ...
5
votes
1answer
52 views

How do we know that a superconducting circuit is a quantum system?

In introductions to superconducting qubits, we often take the classical LC circuit and then quantize the operators. Why are we allowed to do this? I do not see this derivation anywhere -- what ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

How are gates implemented in a transmon qubit?

A transmon qubit is fundamentally in LC circuit. How are gates implemented in a transmon qubit? How do we know what voltage corresponds to the $\sigma_x$ gate for example?
5
votes
1answer
49 views
+50

In a transmon qubit, what corresponds to the ground and excited states?

In a transmon qubit, we have ground and energy eigenstates but what is actually happening in the circuit here? How do the current and voltage look? It looks like its made up of things you would find ...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

What does it mean to be in a superposition of eigenstates in a LC oscillator?

In superconducting qubits, we use a circuit with a specific type of inductor and quantize the Hamiltonian. Because it's an anharmonic oscillator, we say that it has states -- $|0\rangle$ and $|1\...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Are there differences in how quantum error correcting codes are applied on superconducting vs. trapped ion systems?

Are there any differences in how quantum error correcting codes are currently applied on superconducting vs. trapped ion systems?
1
vote
0answers
14 views

What is the role of Josephson junctions and biases in the D-Wave qubit structure?

On the D-Wave 2000Q there are up to 2048 qubits and 5600 coupler. A commonly used picture of one of such qubits is attached below. Each qubit is realized by a loop of niobium controlled by Josephson ...
3
votes
0answers
47 views

Why is it important to perform optical quantum computing with ONLY linear components?

The main achievement of the KLM protocol is demonstrating that quantum computing can be done with only linear optical elements, i.e., beam splitters, phase shifters, single-photon sources, and photo-...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Can we actually do quantum teleportation in IBM quantum computers?

I am going through a course in Quantum computation by NPTEL-IBM, which is designed to introduce Qiskit. In one lecture they describe the concept of quantum teleportation, and point out that since IBMQ ...
3
votes
0answers
33 views

How to design a RF-SQUID qubit by Qiskit Metal?

I am now learning how to use Qiskit Metal to design superconducting circuits. I found that there are only several transmon qubits in the library. Can I design an RF-SQUID qubit by using Qiskit metal? ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

Are composite gates within superconducting hardware implemented as a single pulse or as a series of pulses?

If we have for example a gate $U^{\otimes2}$, then within superconducting hardware, is the $U$ applied onto the first qubit and then the second or is a pulse corresponding to a composite gate (tensor ...
-1
votes
1answer
126 views

What are the pros and cons of the most popular QC architectures?

I notice numerous companies and research groups around the world trying to build QC's with wildly different approaches. Intuitively, this suggests to me that QC is still very early in its maturation - ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Comparing technical limitations of major quantum computing approaches

As far as I know, major quantum computing approaches include superconducting qubits, trapped ions, nuclear magnetic resonance qubits, and free space quantum optics. I guess two main technical ...
9
votes
1answer
53 views

Is there an intuitive way to conceptualize the ground and excited states of a transmon qubit?

I understand how a transmon qubit is analogous to an LC circuit, but has an anharmonic energy spectrum due to the nonlinearity of the Josephson junction. I also understand how to write out the ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

How does the pulse.Shiftphase instruction in Qiskit Pulse work? [closed]

I have some questions regarding the mechanism of Qiskit pulse.ShiftPhase instruction: Does it work like a Phase Shift $P(\theta)=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 \\0 &...
5
votes
1answer
84 views

How do the extra energy levels of a transmon qubit affect computation/fidelity?

I was reading about transmon qubits, and I know that they are not true two-level systems. Are there any math/papers which talk about how those extra energy levels affect the computation? I'm assuming ...
3
votes
1answer
288 views

What is the IQ plane?

I struggle to find any information on Nielsen and Chuang or similar texts on the exact definition of the so-called IQ plane (I think this is a notion closely related to solid state quantum computers ...
3
votes
0answers
27 views

Clean way of approximating an oscillator by a qubit

Let me consider a (quantum) Harmonic oscillator of (bare) Hamiltonian: $$H_0=\frac{p^2}{2m}+\frac{1}{2} m \omega^2 x^2$$ (I can add to it an anharmonicity $V=\alpha x^4$ if necessary for the purpose ...
6
votes
0answers
60 views

Optical quantum computers VS Superconducting quantum computers VS Electron-spin quantum computers

One of the main problems of superconducting quantum computers is that it is necessary to maintain a very low temperature (near absolute zero). Such cooling is very expensive and complex. Why, then, ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Molecular Docking using Quantum Computing

I would like to ask if somebody could suggest me a pair of ligand-Protein which had been validated and the corresponding resulting drug is already being used commercially. I am interested in ...
4
votes
1answer
85 views

Does anyone know of any good books to learn about the electronics/electrical engineering side of quantum computing?

I am a Physics student that just entered the field of quantum computing. I am obviously lacking in the electronic engineering side of things and would love to learn more! Any advice for good books?
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Solution for the "Input and Output theory" for circuit/cavity-QED Quantum Architecture [closed]

This question consists of the basic calculations which are often referred to as "trivial" in most references in circuit-QED. However, are not so trivial for anyone who starts fresh into the ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Is every computer in IBM's fleet based on superconductivity?

I'm currently writing my thesis and I'd like to know which computer is based on a superconductive architecture to run some simulations. Thanks for help in advance.
3
votes
3answers
300 views

How are the IBM's and Google's Hadamard gates fabricated and operated?

There are thousands of articles, books and web sites describing the Hadamard Gate from a theoretical point of view. But I haven't been able to find any photo about any real implementeation of a ...
8
votes
2answers
270 views

Why attenuator and not filters for QC driving line

In all the cold quantum computer designs (superconducting qubits, spin qubits) attenuators are put on the driving lines. Their role is to kill the noise spectral density that comes from higher ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

STO-3G Basis Set

Can someone please explain why STO-3G is considered to be a good basis set for quantum computing, while it does not help in classical computing? I would also be very grateful for any references to ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Many-photon limit of dispersive shift Hamiltionian

In the context of superconducting quantum computing measuments, consider the dispersive shift Hamiltonian: $$ H/\hbar = \omega_R a^\dagger a + \frac{1}{2} (\omega_Q + \frac{2g^2}{\Delta} a^\dagger a)\...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Long range two qubit gates in superconducting qubits

In superconducting qubits, all the method that I have seen until now are based on short range interaction. For example you have two qubits to process information around a middle qubit that is ...
3
votes
0answers
57 views

Why are two qubits gates more noisy?

I would like to understand why two qubit gates are generally more noisy. If I am interested in single qubit gates, I can have an effective modelling as a master equation: $$\dot{\rho}=\frac{1}{i \...
2
votes
2answers
98 views

How does Surface-17 tell apart Z errors on Db and Dc?

I'm looking into this paper from DiCarlo's group Scalable quantum circuit and control for a superconducting surface code. I don't understand how it's supposed to identify specific single-qubit errors, ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

What can be done so far with cloud quantum computing?

As a developer myself, I still do not understand what can be done so far with services like AWS BRAKET or IBM CLOUD QUANTUM COMPUTING. Can someone explain me the practical purpose of it in the present?...
4
votes
1answer
503 views

Why are superconducting qubits the most popular approach to build a quantum computer?

There are many different physical implementations of qubits: NMR, spin qubit, N color center in diamond, superconducting qubit, trapped ions, photonics quantum computing, topological qubit, etc. ...
3
votes
2answers
104 views

Is there any tool for generating Hamiltonian for circuit-QED?

There are tools like QuTip helping you simulate a given Hamiltonian. However, I am wondering if is there any tool/library or something that takes e.g. a graph (G, V, E) of qubits and resonators, and ...
6
votes
1answer
614 views

Understanding Google's “Quantum supremacy using a programmable superconducting processor” (Part 3): sampling

In Google's 54 qubit Sycamore processor, they created a 53 qubit quantum circuit using a random selection of gates from the set $\{\sqrt{X}, \sqrt{Y}, \sqrt{W}\}$ in the following pattern: ...
8
votes
1answer
768 views

Understanding Google's “Quantum supremacy using a programmable superconducting processor” (Part 2): simplifiable and intractable tilings

In Google's 54 qubit Sycamore processor, they created a 53 qubit quantum circuit using a random selection of gates from the set $\{\sqrt{X}, \sqrt{Y}, \sqrt{W}\}$ in the following pattern: ...
11
votes
2answers
730 views

Understanding Google's “Quantum supremacy using a programmable superconducting processor” (Part 1): choice of gate set

I was recently going through the paper titled "Quantum supremacy using a programmable superconducting processor" by NASA Ames Research Centre and the Google Quantum AI team (note that the paper was ...
3
votes
0answers
283 views

What is the difference between a cooper pair box and a transmon qubit?

These two kinds of qubits are both classified under "charge qubits", looking for them, I always find the same circuit representation. Occasionally, I find one where there's a SQUID instead of the ...
2
votes
1answer
587 views

How do I interpret the readout error for a quantum computer?

For example, the ibmqx2 computer has the most recent readout error of $4.40 \cdot 10^{-2}$. Does this mean per 1000 measurements, 44 faulty results exist?
7
votes
1answer
146 views

What design considerations set the frequency bounds for superconducting qubits?

Superconducting qubits generally have frequencies within the range of 4 - 8 GHz. What design considerations give the upper and lower bounds for what is a feasible design. I.e, why can't they be higher ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

Excitation of a superconducting circuit

What do we mean by exciting a superconducting circuit--which represent a qubit, how they are get excited inside? how the two states of the qubit are represented in this circuit?
3
votes
0answers
75 views

States of a qubit in a DC-SQUID

Does anybody of you know what are the two states $|0\rangle$ and $|1\rangle$ of a qubit in a DC-SQUID (2 Josephson junctions in a loop)?
2
votes
1answer
353 views

Physical realization of qubits with superconducting Josephson junctions

Does anybody know how to explain briefly how to realize qubits (initialization, states transition, measurements,..) with superconducting Josephson junctions, say DC-SQUIDS?
7
votes
0answers
181 views

What are the main obstacles to overcome to build silicon-photonic quantum computers?

In superconducting quantum computers, we use mostly superconducting qubits or trapped ions. However, those systems are quite large because their environment either requires near absolute zero ...
4
votes
1answer
484 views

How is a physical qubit measured and how is the result interpreted?

To my understanding, most of the qubits we use today are just Josephson junctions coupled to a resonator that is triggering the qubits to go to different states by using microwave pulses. The same ...
4
votes
0answers
68 views

Is the theory of decoherence general or specific to the physical implementation?

I’m looking for the theoretical calculations of charge and transmon qubit decoherence specifically, but at a high level I'm wondering how decoherence is approached generally. I’ve seen explanations ...
4
votes
0answers
206 views

What is the charging energy in relation to a superconducting transmon?

The transmon achieves its reduced sensitivity to charge noise by significantly increasing the ratio of the Josephson energy to the charging energy. What is this charging energy?
3
votes
1answer
136 views

How do frequency-tunable microwave resonators work?

In superconducting quantum computing resonators are typically an LC circuit. If L and C are fixed the resonator will have a fixed resonance frequency. However, I heard that in the group of Prof. John ...
5
votes
1answer
302 views

Interaction of an RF pulse with transmon qubit

When an RF pulse is interacting on resonance with a transmon qubit, it leads to rotation of the qubit around an axis in the XY plane (in a reference frame rotating in the transition frequency of the ...
9
votes
2answers
649 views

What limits scaling down the size of superconducting qubits?

There are multiple ways of building a qubit: Superconducting (transmons), NV-centers/spin-qubits, topological qubits, etc. The superconducting qubits are the most well-known qubits and are also the ...
6
votes
0answers
252 views

In D-Wave's universal quantum computer, why does the YY term have to be driven along with the linear X term?

D-Wave has a new prototype annealer that uses a Hamiltonian which, if there was enough qubits and sufficient control, would be able to simulate any universal circuit-based quantum computer with at ...