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Questions tagged [state-tomography]

For questions about quantum state tomography, that is, the process of fully characterizing a quantum state from experimental measurements.

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How to perform quantum state tomography on two qubits?

I would like to do a quantum tomography on two qubit states. Recently, I successfully did so for one qubit based on Nielsen-Chuang. They advise to use this formula for one qubit density operator ...
Martin Vesely's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the relationship between Choi and Chi matrix in Qiskit?

I'm struggling with the framework for quantum process tomography on Qiskit. The final step of such a framework is running fit method of ...
Daniele Cuomo's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
1k views

How to perform Quantum Process Tomography for three qubit gates?

I am trying to perform Quantum process tomography (QPT) on three qubit quantum gate. But I cannot find any relevant resource to follow and peform the experiment. I have checked Nielsen and Chuang's ...
Pralekh Dubey's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
1k views

What's the POVM corresponding to single-qubit state tomography?

Let $\rho$ be a single-qubit state. A standard way to characterise $\rho$ is to measure the expectation values of the Pauli matrices, that is, to perform projective measurements in the three mutually ...
glS's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
200 views

Lower bounds on the number of measurements outcomes required for quantum state tomography

It seems that in order to reconstruct a quantum state, a large number of measurements is typically used. Are there any known theoretical lower bounds on the number of measurements required to ...
Haim's user avatar
  • 257
5 votes
1 answer
346 views

Problem with quantum tomography on two qubits

With reference to question on how to do quantum tomography on two qubits, I would like to ask you for help again. I tried to do the tomography on state \begin{equation}\psi=\frac{1}{2}\begin{pmatrix}...
Martin Vesely's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
2k views

How to calculate the fidelity of a certain gate of a IBMQ device in Qiskit using randomized benchmarking/tomography?

For example, I want to calculate the fidelity of a 1-qubit and 2-qubit gates (similar to the result shown in figure 2 in this paper). Is there any way to do that in Qiskit? I've gone through the ...
Trong Duong's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
828 views

Implement the classical shadow coding error?

I'm trying to reproduce the basic method of classical shadow, which is based on the tutorial of pennylane. However, I've met some realization problems here when I finish reading the tutorial of ...
narip's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
103 views

Optimising state tomography for fully entangled states

As tomography methods are usually inefficient, it's interesting to find good approximation. I was wondering the following: Assume one wants to estimate a state $\rho$ on $n$-qubits. Given a basis of ...
Daniele Cuomo's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
349 views

Calculating bipartite state from joint probability distribution

We can calculate single qubit state by measuring it in pauli observables {$\sigma_{x},\sigma_{y},\sigma_{z}$} and then looking at its probability distribution. How to do this when we are having joint ...
Omkar 's user avatar
  • 331
3 votes
2 answers
567 views

Implementation of tomography on IBM Q

I wanted to ask how do you implement a circuit that finds the non-diagonal values of the density matrix of a quantum state on IBM Q?
Vladimir kozlov's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
97 views

What is the best method for estimating average channel fidelity?

This thesis shows an efficient way to estimate average channel fidelity (in chapter 4). However, it is somewhat old (from 2005). Are there any better methods out there? By better I mean: are there ...
Quantum Guy 123's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
201 views

Why can any density operator be written this way? (quantum tomography)

From page 24 of the thesis "Random Quantum States and Operators", where $(A,B)$ is the Hilbert-Schmidt inner product: \begin{aligned} \rho &=\left(\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}} I, \rho\right) \frac{...
Quantum Guy 123's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
706 views

How to find the Kraus operators from the process matrix?

I am trying to find the Kraus operator from process matrix. For instance, suppose that for single qubit identity gate, I have the following process matrix: ...
quest's user avatar
  • 636
1 vote
1 answer
85 views

Why is $\chi$ not uniquely determined by $\sum_{mn}\beta_{jk}^{mn}\chi_{mn}=\lambda_{jk}$?

The mathematical construct of the Quantum process tomography is given in Page 391, 392, Chapter 8, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information by Nielsen and Chuang, as follows Let a fixed set of ...
Sooraj S's user avatar
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