# Questions tagged [state-preparation]

a procedure that outputs repeated examples of the same quantum system - particle or multiparticle system - in the same quantum state

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### If we can prepare a ground state efficiently, when can we prepare the second-lowest energy eigenstate?

I'd like to know if there's anything that can be said about whether and when we can efficiently prepare a state corresponding to the second-lowest eigenvalue of a given Hamiltonian, or in any other ...
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### How to prove that EPR outcomes have equal probability no matter the basis?

Recently in class, we learned about the EPR state. I know that no matter what basis the first qubit is measured in, the two outcomes have an equal probability. However, how does one prove this? I ...
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### How can I find the fidelity of preparation?

I want to know the fidelity (or error rate) of the preparation of $|0\rangle$. How can I obtain it?
For a n-qubit quantum state $|\psi\rangle=\displaystyle\sum_{i=0}^{2^N-1}|i\rangle$, by definition it's density matrix is $|\psi\rangle\langle\psi|=\displaystyle\sum_{i,j=0}^{2^N-1}|j\rangle\langle i|$...
### Have you ever seen the preparation of the state $a^{*}|0\rangle+b^*|1\rangle$ and $a|0\rangle+b|1\rangle$ from one initial state?
Have you ever seen the preparation of the state $a^{\star}|0\rangle+b^{\star}|1\rangle$ and $a|0\rangle+b|1\rangle$ from one initial state?