# Questions tagged [state-discrimination]

the distinguishability of quantum systems in different states, and the general process of extracting classical information from quantum systems

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### How do you test a pair of unknown qubits for orthogonality with certainty?

If you want to check if a pair of unknown qubits are the same, a standard test is the controlled SWAP test. This gives a result of 0 with certainty if the states are the same and 1 with a 50% chance ...
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### Distinguishing $\frac{| 0 \rangle + e^{i\theta} |1 \rangle}{\sqrt{2}}$ from $| 0 \rangle/|1 \rangle$ with probability $1/2 + \epsilon$

I am given one copy of one of two quantum states - $\frac{| 0 \rangle + e^{i\theta} | 1 \rangle}{\sqrt{2}}$, for some unknown fixed $\theta$. One of $| 0 \rangle/|1 \rangle$ - don't know which one, ...
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### How to find the POVM that optimally distinguishes between two given states?

A quantum state preparation machine emits a state $\rho_0$ with probability $2/3$ and emits the state $\rho_1$ with probability $1/3$. We aim to make the best guess which one is it using a set of two ...
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### Is the quantum state discrimination success probability always $\lambda_0\langle\mu(0),\rho_0\rangle+\lambda_1\langle\mu(1),\rho_1\rangle$?
Consider the standard quantum state discrimination setup: Alice sends Bob either $\rho_0$ or $\rho_1$. She picks $\rho_0$ and $\rho_1$ with probabilities $\lambda_0$ and $\lambda_1$, respectively. Bob ...
I would like some help on what should be a simple computation that I'm failing to see through to the end. Suppose I have a qubit which can be in the state $|v\rangle$ with probability $p$, or \$|w\...