Questions tagged [speedup]

For questions about either: comparing the performance of a quantum algorithm with a classical algorithm (or set of classical algorithms) independent of devices; or the ratio of time to solution of a quantum device running a specific algorithm to a classical device running a specific algorithm.

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1answer
560 views

How to compare a quantum algorithm with its classical version? [closed]

The Quantum Algorithm Zoo includes a host of algorithms for which Quantum Computing offers speedups (exponential, polynomial, etc). However, those speedups are based on asymptotic computational ...
9
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1answer
2k views

What is the difference between QAOA and Quantum Annealing?

Edward Farhi's paper on the Quantum Approximate Optimization Algorithm introduces a way for gate model quantum computers to solve combinatorial optimization algorithms. However, D-Wave style quantum ...
9
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1answer
252 views

Does quantum computing provide any speedup in evaluation of transcendental functions?

With the integer factorisation problem, Shor's algorithm is known to provide a substantial (exponential?) speedup compared to classical algorithms. Are there similar results regarding more basic maths,...
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3answers
3k views

What makes quantum computers so good at computing prime factors?

One of the common claims about quantum computers is their ability to "break" conventional cryptography. This is because conventional cryptography is based on prime factors, something which is ...
27
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2answers
1k views

Why is a quantum computer in some ways more powerful than a nondeterministic Turing machine?

The standard popular-news account of quantum computing is that a quantum computer (QC) would work by splitting into exponentially many noninteracting parallel copies of itself in different universes ...
7
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2answers
465 views

Can classical algorithms be improved by using quantum simulation as an intermediary step?

I'm wondering whether even if we cannot create a fast quantum computer, simulating quantum algorithms can be a reasonable method for classical algorithms. In particular, I'd like to see any results ...
6
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3answers
1k views

Why do classical bits perform calculations at a scale that expands linearly and qubits at exponential scale in the number of (qu)bits?

What does one mean by saying that classical bits perform operations at the scale of $2n$ and quantum computers perform operations at the scale of $2^n$? In both cases, $n$ = Number of bits/qubits.
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3answers
3k views

What is the current state of the art in quantum sorting algorithms?

As a result of an excellent answer to my question on quantum bogosort, I was wondering what is the current state of the art in quantum algorithms for sorting. To be precise, sorting is here defined ...
11
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2answers
7k views

What can we learn from 'quantum bogosort'?

Recently, I've read about 'quantum bogosort' on some wiki. The basic idea is, that like bogosort, we just shuffle our array and hope it gets sorted 'by accident' and retry on failure. The ...
8
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1answer
211 views

New algorithm for faster QC simulation by IBM

This new algorithm for QC calculation was introduced recently (2017 4Q) by IBM/ Pednault et al. to great fanfare. The paper seems more couched in the language of physics. Are there any basic ...
8
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1answer
626 views

What are the implications of Bremermann's limit for quantum computing?

The title says most of it: What are the implications of Bremermann's limit for quantum computing? The Wikipedia page says that the limit applies to any self-contained system, but in the last few lines ...
16
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1answer
345 views

How does magic state distillation overhead scale compare to quantum advantages?

I'm interested in the model of quantum computation by magic state injection, that is where we have access to the Clifford gates, a cheap supply of ancilla qubits in the computational basis, and a few ...
11
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1answer
260 views

Are there any encryption suites which can be cracked by classical computers but not quantum computers?

Are there any encryption suites that can be cracked by usual computers or super computers, but not quantum computers? If that's possible, what assumptions will it depend on? (Factorizing big numbers, ...
29
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4answers
1k views

Are there problems in which quantum computers are known to provide an exponential advantage?

It is generally believed and claimed that quantum computers can outperform classical devices in at least some tasks. One of the most commonly cited examples of a problem in which quantum computers ...
16
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1answer
319 views

How long does quantum annealing take to find the solution to a given problem?

Quantum annealing is an optimization protocol that, thanks to quantum tunneling, allows in given circumstances to maximize/minimize a given function more efficiently than classical optimization ...
18
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1answer
282 views

Level of advantage provided by annealing for traveling salesman

My understanding is that there seems to be some confidence that quantum annealing will provide a speedup for problems like the traveling salesman, due to the efficiency provided by, ex, quantum ...
24
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2answers
949 views

When will we know that quantum supremacy has been reached?

The term "quantum supremacy" - to my understanding - means that one can create and run algorithms to solve problems on quantum computers that can't be solved in realistic times on binary computers. ...

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