# Questions tagged [qudit]

For questions mainly related to qudits, the unit of quantum information in d-level quantum systems.

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### How to simulate spin-1 systems with qiskit or on the IBMQ platform?

I am wondering how to simulate spin-1 systems with qiskit or on the IBMQ platform? I want to initialize a qudit (a spin-1 system), and then define the usual operations (such as Sx, Sy, and Sz) on the ...
30 views

### Find the qutrit analogue of certain qubit and ququart formulas of Li and Qiao for testing separability

In eqs. (33), (43)-(46), (56) of their paper, "Separable Decompositions of Bipartite Mixed States" https://arxiv.org/abs/1708.05336, Li and Qiao present a number of formulas pertinent to testing the ...
70 views

### $n$ qubit vs. a $d=2^n$ qudit states and measurements

The pure states of a qudit inhabit the $\mathbb{CP}(d-1)$ manifold. Is it true that the pure states of $n$ qubits live on the $\mathbb{CP}(2^n-1)$ manifold? If the answer to the first question is yes,...
56 views

### Explicit 16⨯16 matrix representations of two-qudit entanglement witnesses

I have a set of $16 \times 16$ two-qudit density matrices. I would like to study the bound-entanglement for this set, making use of entanglement witnesses for which explicit matrix representations are ...
63 views

### Computing with qutrits

I'm doing some calculations with qutrits and I need a unitary matrix $U$ that does the following: $$U|00\rangle = |12 \rangle - | 21\rangle$$ $$U|11\rangle = |20 \rangle - | 02\rangle$$ U|22\...
123 views

### Why can a point in anti-de Sitter space be modeled as a logical qutrit and how is its error correction done?

This isn't my area but the recent Quanta article How Space and Time Could Be a Quantum Error-Correcting Code struck me as interesting. They mention: In their paper conjecturing that holographic ...
131 views

### Time-bin encoding qudits

Time-bin encoding is a technique used in Quantum information science to encode a qubit of information on a photon. Wikipedia Is there a generalization for $n$-th level qudits?
224 views

### Graph state and maximally entangled state

How can I show that a multi-qudit graph state $|G\rangle$ is the maximally entangled state? What kind of measure of entanglement can be used to quantify the amount of entanglement in a given graph ...
70 views

### Combining Different Qunits

Has any work been done on quantum systems which use a combination of types of qunits (eg. using qubits & qutrits simultaneously)? If work has been done, what kind of work has been done? (eg. in ...
114 views

### Hilbert space to accurately represent 3x3 Rubik's Cube

What Hilbert space of dimension greater than 4.3e19 would be most convenient for working with the Rubik's Cube verse one qudit? The cardinality of the Rubik's Cube group is given by: Examples 66 ...
319 views

### Computing with Logical Qunits

What exactly is a logical (non-physical? error corrected?) qunit? Can quantum systems be built exclusively w/ logical qunits?
124 views

### Does local Clifford equivalence have a direct graphical representation for qudit graph states of non-prime dimension?

This question is a follow-up to the previous QCSE question: "Are qudit graph states well-defined for non-prime dimension?". From the question's answer, it appears that there is nothing wrong in ...
2k views

### Reverse Quantum Computing: How to unmeasure a qunit

After taking some measure, how can a qunit be "unmeasured"? Is unmeasurement (ie reverse quantum computing) possible?
90 views

### Are qudit graph states well-defined for non-prime dimension?

Qudit graph states are $d$-dimension generalisations of qubit graph states such that each state is represented by a weighted graph $G$ (with no self-loops) such that each edge $(i, j)$ is assigned a ...
177 views

### How to represent a qubyte?

I was not able to locate any visuals online. The visual I have in my head is a cube w/ bloch spheres as the eight vertices. I am also curious about a matrix representation, although I am not sure ...
750 views

### Difference between 3 qubits, 2 qutrits & 1 six level qunit

What is the difference between 3 qubits, 2 qutrits and a 6th level qunit? Are they equivalent? Why / why not? Can 6 classical bits be super-densely coded into each?
745 views

### How to show that an n-level system is entangled?

"How do I show that a two-qubit state is an entangled state?" includes an answer which references the Peres–Horodecki criterion. This works for $2\times 2$ and $2\times3$ dimensional cases; however, ...
75 views

### What are the differences between “$n$-th level e-bits” and “$n$-th level qunits”?

I have seen qubits, qutrits & entangled bits (e-bits) a decent amount. I have also seen qunits/qudits for n-th level qubits. What I am trying to wrap my head around is the differences between n-th ...
190 views

### Do any specific types of qudits other than qubits and qutrits have a name?

For example, has anyone seen something like: "quqrit" for a 4-level system, or "qupit" for a 5-level system ? 1 From "quad" or "quart" since "tetra" would be qutrit, which is already a 3-level ...
118 views

### In qubit/qudit terms, where is the experimental limit between S=3/2 and 2·S=1/2?

This question is inspired by "What is the difference between a qudit system with d=4 and a two-qubit system?", as an experimental follow-up. Consider for illustration these two particular cases: ...
2k views

### What is the difference between a qudit system with d=4 and a two-qubit system?

I understand that a qudit is a quantum $d$-state system. If $d=4$, is this exactly the same as a two-qubit system, which also presents $4$ quantum states? The Hilbert space is the same, right? Are ...
335 views

### What is the most economical and preferred basis for the qudit?

In Classical Simulation of Quantum Error Correction in a Fibonacci Anyon Code, the authors state on page 2 in section I. BACKGROUND - A. Topological model: We consider a system supporting ...
From Wikipedia: A qubit is a two-state quantum system [...] There are two possible outcomes for the measurement of a qubit — usually $0$ and $1$, like a bit. The difference is that ...
A string of $n$ qutrits has a state-space spanned by the $3^n$ different states $\lvert x \rangle$ for strings $x \in \{0,1,2\}^n$ (or $x \in \{-1,0,+1\}^n$, equivalently), while $n$ qubits can ...