Questions tagged [quantum-metrology]

The study of making high-resolution and highly sensitive measurements of physical parameters using quantum theory to describe the physical systems, particularly exploiting quantum entanglement and quantum squeezing.

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8
votes
2answers
204 views

Does the symmetric logarithmic derivative operator have a geometric interpretation?

In the context of Bures metric and quantum Fisher information, an important object is the symmetric logarithmic derivative (SLD). This is usually introduced as a way to express the derivative of a ...
8
votes
1answer
190 views

Error in the Toth's 2012 paper: "Multipartite entanglement and high-precision metrology"?

This paper is a paper in 2012 and cited by a lot of papers. And there does not exist comment in arxiv or error statement in PRA. But when I reading this paper, I think the right part of the eq(23) ...
6
votes
1answer
95 views

Are SIC-POVMs optimal for quantum state reconstruction?

Mutually unbiased bases (MUBs) are pairs of orthonormal bases $\{u_j\}_j,\{v_j\}_j\in\mathbb C^N$ such that $$|\langle u_j,v_k\rangle|= \frac{1}{\sqrt N},$$ for all $j,k=1,...,N$. These are useful for ...
6
votes
1answer
57 views

Biggest variance of $h=\sum_i H_i$?

What's the biggest variance of $h=\sum_i H_i$ where $H_i$ is the hamiltonian act on the ith qubit? If the n qubits state is separable, i.e., the state is $\mid\psi_1\rangle\otimes\mid\psi_2\rangle\...
6
votes
1answer
118 views

What is the difference between "Shot-Noise-Limit" and "Standard Quantum Limit"?

It seems that in a lot of papers in the field of quantum metrology, there are two terms Shot-Noise-Limit and Standard Quantum Limit which are frequently referred to. What's the difference between them,...
5
votes
1answer
105 views

Why is the quantum Fisher information for pure states $F_Q[\rho,A]=4(\Delta A)^2$?

Assume that a density matrix is given in its eigenbasis as $$\rho = \sum_{k}\lambda_k |k \rangle \langle k|.$$ On page 19 of this paper, it states that the Quantum Fisher Information is given as $$F_{...
5
votes
1answer
108 views

How is the connection between Bures fidelity and quantum Fisher information derived?

I recently came to know that there is a connection between Bures Fidelity $(F_B)$ and Quantum Fisher Information $(F_Q)$ given by $$[F_{B}(\rho, \rho_\theta)]^2 = 1 - \frac{\theta^2}{4} F_Q[\rho, A] + ...
5
votes
0answers
109 views

Why is the quantum Fisher information $J_f=[f(\frac43-f)]^{-1}$ for maximally entangled qubit pairs?

I am reading paper Channel Identification and its Impact on Quantum LDPC Code Performance where the authors discuss the scenario where the decoder of a Quantum LDPC code uses an estimation of the ...
4
votes
1answer
49 views

Period of phase leads the advantage of Heisenberg's Limit disappear?

In Quantum Metrology, the aim is to estimate some unknown parameters(I will talk about one parameter estimation in this post, while multiparameter is also available) as precise as possible. Without ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Unit vanishes in the Quantum Cramer-Rao Bound?

The Quantum Cramer-Rao Bound states that the precision we can achieve is bounded below by: $$(\Delta \theta)^2\ge\frac{1}{mF_Q[\varrho,H]},$$ where $m$ is the number of independent repetitions, and $...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

What happens in the Cramer-Rao bound if the quantum Fisher information is zero?

The famous Cramer-Rao bound is $$\Delta\theta\ge\frac{1}{\sqrt {F[\rho,H]}}$$ But what happens if the denominator vanishes, i.e., $F[\rho,H]=0$ ($F[\rho,H]$ here stands for the quantum fisher ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

How is quantum metrology realized in experiment?

Are there some lists of the method to realize quantum metrology, or rather, utilizing quantum resources to enhance the precision of parameter estimation. The experimental method I've know is listed as ...