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Questions tagged [quantum-gate]

For questions regarding usage, performance, implementation, application or theory related to quantum gates.

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Can you programatically check whether a given set of gates is universal?

I am wondering if there is an automated way to determine whether a given set of quantum operations is universal. More precisely given a set of 1 and 2 qubit gates can we write a program to determine ...
Callum's user avatar
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7 votes
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Sequential circuit using quantum gates

Without feedback/loop how can we build a sequential circuit? The basic feature of sequential circuit is that is depends not only on the current inputs but also on the previous inputs/outputs. I've ...
Nikhil Ayyadevara's user avatar
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Resources on the energy consumption of IBM quantum computers?

I am seeking information regarding the energy consumption of IBM Quantum Computers, specifically inquiring about the energy requirements associated with individual gate operations. Could you also ...
goga suknidze's user avatar
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225 views

Solovay-Kitaev Balanced Group Commutators in SU(2) Implementation

I am currently looking into quantum compilation and came across Dawson and Nielsen's paper on the Solovay-Kitaev Algorithm, which seems like a good starting point as it is referenced in a many of the ...
Alan's user avatar
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Postselection and hardness of estimating amplitudes

Let $A$ be a class of quantum circuits such that \begin{equation} \text{Post}A = \text{Post}BQP, \end{equation} where $\text{Post}$ indicates post-selection. Is only this amount of information ...
BlackHat18's user avatar
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Is the universality of a qubit based quantum computer different from the universality of a continuous-variable quantum computer?

I understand that a quantum computer is universal if it can compute anything that a quantum Turing machine can. Another way to think about universality is that any unitary transformation on, e.g., a ...
Kiro's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
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Equivalence checking of quantum circuits up to error

Suppose you are given two circuit descriptions $A$ and $B$ where by a circuit description I mean a sequence of gates (in the order they are applied) and the qubits they are applied on. (For the sake ...
Marsl's user avatar
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How many qubits and how many gates, are required for finding the eigenvalues of a matrix?

Say I have an $N \times N$ matrix and I want to know the eigenvalues to a precision of $\pm \epsilon$. How many qubits and how many gates do I need?
Pablo LiManni's user avatar
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How exactly is the stated composite state of the two registers being produced using the $R_{zz}$ controlled rotations?

This is a sequel to How are two different registers being used as "control"? I found the following quantum circuit given in Fig 5 (page 6) of the same paper i.e. Quantum Circuit Design for ...
Sanchayan Dutta's user avatar
5 votes
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85 views

Arbitrary rotations in the plane spanned by two known quantum states

Suppose I have two quantum states $|\psi_1\rangle,|\psi_2\rangle$ that I know how to prepare from some fixed initial state, say $|0\rangle^{\otimes N}$ on some $N$ qubits with known quantum circuits $...
User71942's user avatar
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Regarding the inductive proof that any Clifford gate can be made of Hadamard, phase and c-not

In Exercise 10.40 of Nielsen and Chunang's textbook, the reader is supposed to construct an inductive proof of Theorem 10.6 that any Clifford gate can be made of Hadamard, phase and c-not. There it is ...
user3493403's user avatar
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Given a non-Clifford quantum circuit $U$, is it possible to construct a commuting Clifford circuit $C$?

Given a non-Clifford circuit $U$, say $U = \prod_{i=1}^k e^{i \theta_i P_i} $ for $P_i \in \{ I,X,Y,Z\}^{\otimes n} $ and $\theta_i \in \mathbb{R}$. Is it possible to construct a non-trivial Clifford ...
KAJ226's user avatar
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Writing circuits in Qiskit using only Clifford and T gates

Is there a way in Qiskit to write my circuit using only Clifford and T gates (CX, S, H, T and I think also $S^\dagger$ and $T^\dagger$)? With the function compile (with aer simulator) it gives me some ...
stopper's user avatar
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1 answer
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Two qubit gate decomposition using Qiskit

I am writing some python code to be able to optimise the total error in two qubit gate decomposition. I am using the Qiskit module qiskit.quantum_info.synthesis.two_qubit_decompose My question relates ...
shuey97's user avatar
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Which codes can implement transversal non-Clifford gates

A paper Three-dimensional surface codes: Transversal gates and fault-tolerant architectures discusses 3D surface codes and shows that CZ and CCZ gates are transversal in [these] codes. They give a ...
unknown's user avatar
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How do we realise photonic gates?

I am interested in photonic computing, and I am curious how the gates work. I once saw a picture of a photonic CNOT gate that used just mirrors and polarizers. I have not been able to find any ...
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Exact functions of a single-iteration Grover Search Algorithm's operators

I'm doing a practice assignment where I'm asked to identify specific features of the Grover Search Algorithm's second operator (picture in post, further on "$Us$"), which mirrors the system relative ...
Andre R.'s user avatar
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151 views

How can I express controlled unitary operation in QPE of this implementation of HHL?

I have found this implementation of HHL, and I don't understand why the controlled unitary operation is expressed in the form of $\exp(i t_0 A/2)$ and $\exp(i t_0 A/4)$. The rotation of $\pi$ and $\...
Macalcubo's user avatar
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Where does this upper bound relating the $T$ count and $H$ count come from?

I am reading this paper on optimisation of the Hadamard gate count (Optimal Hadamard Gate count for Clifford + $T$ synthesis of Pauli rotations sequences). The idea of the paper is to optimise the ...
Callum's user avatar
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A measure of entanglement created by a unitary operation

Let $U$ be a unitary matrix acting on a 3-qubit system. If there is no correlation among any pairs of the three qubits, the unitary operation can be represented as $U = U_1 \otimes U_2 \otimes U_3$, ...
user185671631's user avatar
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126 views

What other discrete non-trivial non-Clifford groups of gates are there?

I do not know many groups (as in group theory) of quantum gates. Aside from trivial ones, I know there is Pauli group and the Clifford group. Recently I discovered another interesting group generated ...
Mauricio's user avatar
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What is the correct name of this quantum gate? Possibly state control gate

Let $\vec v \in \mathbb{C}^2 $ be the following quantum state: $$ \vec v = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\begin{bmatrix} v_{1} \\ v_{2} \\ \end{bmatrix},\space \lvert v_1 \rvert = 1,...
misanek123's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
144 views

Can the ancilla for Qiskit's mcx with mode="recursion" be dirty?

I think their implementation is close to the one from here which does use a dirty ancilla, but I just want to make sure
Dani007's user avatar
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Universality for reversible classical computation

Is there any way to check whether a set of gates (for example, take the set comprising of the CNOT gate and the Hadamard gate) is universal for reversible classical computation? I can think of trial ...
BlackHat18's user avatar
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Extract the Crosstalk noise of a circuit in Qiskit

I'm new to Quantum Computing. How to extract the cross-talk noise of a quantum circuit using qiskit? Can someone provide an example code for this?
Raghul K's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
127 views

An algorithm to perform Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization of linearly independent state vectors

In the first paragraph of the 2nd section of this article, it is stated that given a set of linearly independent $n$-qubit state vectors, Alice can perform the Gram-Schmidt procedure to obtain ...
IamKnull's user avatar
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67 views

Is there a way to directly construct controlled gates in continuous variable (CV) quantum computation?

We know that a universal gate set for CV quantum computation is that of squeezing, beam splitters, and some nonlinear gate (e.g. this answer). We also know from Knill, Laflamme, and Milburn that ...
Quantum Mechanic's user avatar
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Reducing an ansatz to a shallower circuit

Given a very general hardware efficient ansatz as in Figure: and say that you already know all the rotation parameter for the gates in the red box, is there any way to build a gate sequence that ...
Enrico's user avatar
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How does Spin Measurement correspond to quantum NOT gate?

Newbie in quantum computing (and stack overflow) here. I am confused regarding the relation between spin measurement in quantum mechanics and the quantum NOT gate. I have a Bloch sphere picture of a ...
Nav's user avatar
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Calculating length of code words in quantum information(compression)

I was studying this article by Boestrom and Felbinger. We define the significant length of the codewords in the preparation of the communication protocol : $$L_c(w_i) = \lceil log_k(i) \rceil$$ We ...
John Jones's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
136 views

When writing data into qRAM, can I do it in a superposition state?

In general, quantum algorithms are said to be hybrid algorithms. Especially when storing data in qRAM, it seems to be done through classical calculations. Is it possible to write this part directly to ...
pioneer's user avatar
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0 answers
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Implementing controlled $U_3$ gate from $R_{\hat{n}}$ with given parameters

This is a follow-up question to solve for parameters of a controlled $U_3$ gate. Suppose I have the unit vector $\hat{n} = (n_x,n_y,n_z)$ and an angle $\xi$ (assume we know both of them). Then, we ...
ZR-'s user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
79 views

Fowler Distance in Solovay-Kitaev Algorithm

I have been using this code to implement the Solovay-Kitaev algorithm for approximating arbitrary single qubit gates. One measure of success it gives is the 'Fowler distance'. I cant find a definition ...
shuey97's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
81 views

IBM QE - Parameters that differentiate the various backends

I'm doing a university thesis using IBM's quantum backends. In my analysis I am making some considerations on what differentiates one backend from another other than the number of qubits and quantum ...
Frostman's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
91 views

A quantum operation to form the complement of an "elementary" entanglement of N qbits?

I have asked two similar questions 1, 2 but have not received a definite answer, so here I have narrowed the issue down to one hopefully more easily addressed aspect of the big question. ...
S. McGrew's user avatar
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0 answers
453 views

What is known about the quantum version of Schoening's algorithm for 3SAT?

Schoening's algorithm for 3SAT can be converted to a quantum algorithm.  The classical circuit representing a 3SAT expression in CNF form can be converted to a quantum version involving reversible ...
Cristian Dumitrescu's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
27 views

Are there already hypothetical durations of how long a continuous-variable gate would take on a continuous-variable quantum computer?

I've heard that you run up against the very large constant factors when comparing run times of quantum and classical computers -- things simply take much longer in a carefully controlled quantum setup ...
mikanim's user avatar
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1 answer
334 views

Preparation of states that correspond to efficiently integrable probability distributions

I have been trying to implement methods from paper Creating superpositions that correspond to efficiently integrable probability distributions by Grover and Rudolph. It is stated that there exists an ...
Amir Naveh's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
30 views

methodology for design quantum circuits according to a given unitary

This is a general question. Given an arbitratry unitary matrix. How to desigin a quantum circuit to implement it? I am not asking for a specific unitary matrix, but for a general methodology to tackle ...
tangyao's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
71 views

How to perform logical operations between logical qubits in a $[\![8,3,2]\!]$ quantum code?

I have a small question on codes like $[\![8,3,2]\!]$, which encodes physical qubits to multiple logical qubits. How do we perform logical operations in between these logical qubits? Of course, if I ...
AndyLiuin's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
34 views

Silq Language - Custom quantum gate

Having a unitary matrix, is it possible to use it as a custom quantum gate using Silq quantum programming language? I found different documentation on the internet explaining how to do custom quantum ...
Danilo Berta's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
214 views

What are the possible gates that I can use to vary input states before CNOT?

We know that the noise of the $\text{CNOT}$ gate varies depending on the input state before it. What are the gates that I can put in the place of the 4 identity gates above to change the input state ...
Gem's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
91 views

What is the explicit action of the non-linear gate in CV quantum computing on the quadratures?

In this excellently answered question 'How are gates implemented in a continuous-variable quantum computer?' the typical gates for CV quantum computing were listed and described. In particular for ...
East's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
145 views

Why are two qubits gates more noisy?

I would like to understand why two qubit gates are generally more noisy. If I am interested in single qubit gates, I can have an effective modelling as a master equation: $$\dot{\rho}=\frac{1}{i \...
Marco Fellous-Asiani's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
53 views

Gate times for different qubit technologies

Different qubit technologies exist and for each, operations are implemented differently. My question is what the typical times are for the standard gates (single qubit rotations, Hadamard, CNOT, T, ...
nippon's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
89 views

Understanding shared Bell states from quantum entanglement

I'm trying to understand an entanglement swapping derivation provided in this PDF (pages 2 - 3) I have several things about this process that I don't understand, and I was hoping someone could ...
Yuerno's user avatar
  • 309
3 votes
0 answers
51 views

Identity Gate Timing Discrepancy

I have been examining problems where gate timing is important. When implementing an identity gate, the issue of timing has resulted in a few verification experiments to compare the gate time to that ...
Greg's user avatar
  • 31
3 votes
0 answers
65 views

How to derive a circuit from given equations?

I was reading a paper on Quantum Neural Networks where the authors discussed a new back propagation algorithm. They shared a schematic of the circuit. However, I am unable to understand how the ...
Nimish Mishra's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
135 views

There seems to be a problem with the implementation of identity gates on Qiskit as compared to the circuit composer

I have been experimenting with slowing down the decay of qubits, and as a control, I implemented a circuit with just identity gates for comparison. However, when I implement such circuits in Qiskit, ...
Jonas's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
43 views

How to perform quantum logic gates on plasmons?

In the link provided researches utilize strong two-plasmon absorption in graphene nanoribbons to create a “square-root-of-swap”, could such a device be utilized to perform other quantum logic gates? ...
Marko Miloradovic's user avatar

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