# Questions tagged [quantum-gate]

For questions regarding usage, performance, implementation, application or theory related to quantum gates.

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### Can you programatically check whether a given set of gates is universal?

I am wondering if there is an automated way to determine whether a given set of quantum operations is universal. More precisely given a set of 1 and 2 qubit gates can we write a program to determine ...
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### Sequential circuit using quantum gates

Without feedback/loop how can we build a sequential circuit? The basic feature of sequential circuit is that is depends not only on the current inputs but also on the previous inputs/outputs. I've ...
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### Postselection and hardness of estimating amplitudes

Let $A$ be a class of quantum circuits such that $$\text{Post}A = \text{Post}BQP,$$ where $\text{Post}$ indicates post-selection. Is only this amount of information ...
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### Is the universality of a qubit based quantum computer different from the universality of a continuous-variable quantum computer?

I understand that a quantum computer is universal if it can compute anything that a quantum Turing machine can. Another way to think about universality is that any unitary transformation on, e.g., a ...
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### Equivalence checking of quantum circuits up to error

Suppose you are given two circuit descriptions $A$ and $B$ where by a circuit description I mean a sequence of gates (in the order they are applied) and the qubits they are applied on. (For the sake ...
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### How many qubits and how many gates, are required for finding the eigenvalues of a matrix?

Say I have an $N \times N$ matrix and I want to know the eigenvalues to a precision of $\pm \epsilon$. How many qubits and how many gates do I need?
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### How exactly is the stated composite state of the two registers being produced using the $R_{zz}$ controlled rotations?

This is a sequel to How are two different registers being used as "control"? I found the following quantum circuit given in Fig 5 (page 6) of the same paper i.e. Quantum Circuit Design for ...
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### Which codes have transversal $T$ gate?

A previous post transversal P (phase) gate shows that codes where all stabilizer elements have weights that are multiple of 4 will have a transversal $P$ gate. "Transversal" seems to have ...
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### Universality for reversible classical computation

Is there any way to check whether a set of gates (for example, take the set comprising of the CNOT gate and the Hadamard gate) is universal for reversible classical computation? I can think of trial ...
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### Extract the Crosstalk noise of a circuit in Qiskit

I'm new to Quantum Computing. How to extract the cross-talk noise of a quantum circuit using qiskit? Can someone provide an example code for this?
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### An algorithm to perform Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization of linearly independent state vectors

In the first paragraph of the 2nd section of this article, it is stated that given a set of linearly independent $n$-qubit state vectors, Alice can perform the Gram-Schmidt procedure to obtain ...
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### Which codes can implement transversal non-Clifford gates

A paper Three-dimensional surface codes: Transversal gates and fault-tolerant architectures discusses 3D surface codes and shows that CZ and CCZ gates are transversal in [these] codes. They give a ...
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### What is the thought process for circuit making after seeing input and output of a matrix?

Here is an exercise (4.27) from Nielsen and Chuang and I found the answer (given in the figure below) online without any explanation. The question was to construct a circuit by seeing a matrix (given ...
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### Preparation of states that correspond to efficiently integrable probability distributions

I have been trying to implement methods from paper Creating superpositions that correspond to efficiently integrable probability distributions by Grover and Rudolph. It is stated that there exists an ...
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### What other discrete non-trivial non-Clifford groups of gates are there?

I do not know many groups (as in group theory) of quantum gates. Aside from trivial ones, I know there is Pauli group and the Clifford group. Recently I discovered another interesting group generated ...
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### Gate times for different qubit technologies

Different qubit technologies exist and for each, operations are implemented differently. My question is what the typical times are for the standard gates (single qubit rotations, Hadamard, CNOT, T, ...
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### Understanding shared Bell states from quantum entanglement

I'm trying to understand an entanglement swapping derivation provided in this PDF (pages 2 - 3) I have several things about this process that I don't understand, and I was hoping someone could ...
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### Identity Gate Timing Discrepancy

I have been examining problems where gate timing is important. When implementing an identity gate, the issue of timing has resulted in a few verification experiments to compare the gate time to that ...
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### How to derive a circuit from given equations?

I was reading a paper on Quantum Neural Networks where the authors discussed a new back propagation algorithm. They shared a schematic of the circuit. However, I am unable to understand how the ...
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### There seems to be a problem with the implementation of identity gates on Qiskit as compared to the circuit composer

I have been experimenting with slowing down the decay of qubits, and as a control, I implemented a circuit with just identity gates for comparison. However, when I implement such circuits in Qiskit, ...
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### How to perform quantum logic gates on plasmons?

In the link provided researches utilize strong two-plasmon absorption in graphene nanoribbons to create a “square-root-of-swap”, could such a device be utilized to perform other quantum logic gates? ...
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### Understanding CNOT gate for indirect measurement

I am trying to write a simple circuit to understand the process of finding the set of parameters such that the cost function of that circuit in question is minimized. For that I understand one has to ...