Questions tagged [quantum-gate]

For questions regarding usage, performance, implementation, application or theory related to quantum gates.

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I am trying to understand a test called Hadamard Overlap Test, which consists of a destructive swap test (section IV of swap test and Hong-Ou-Mandel effect are equivalent) right after a Hadamard test. ...
99 views

Sequential circuit using quantum gates

Without feedback/loop how can we build a sequential circuit? The basic feature of sequential circuit is that is depends not only on the current inputs but also on the previous inputs/outputs. I've ...
227 views

What is the difference between quantum control and quantum optimal control?

In the context of quantum control theory, it is common to see references to both quantum control and quantum optimal control (e.g. 0910.2350 or the guide on qutip quantrum control functions). ...
71 views

Postselection and hardness of estimating amplitudes

Let $A$ be a class of quantum circuits such that \begin{equation} \text{Post}A = \text{Post}BQP, \end{equation} where $\text{Post}$ indicates post-selection. Is only this amount of information ...
148 views

How many qubits and how many gates, are required for finding the eigenvalues of a matrix?

Say I have an $N \times N$ matrix and I want to know the eigenvalues to a precision of $\pm \epsilon$. How many qubits and how many gates do I need?
127 views

How exactly is the stated composite state of the two registers being produced using the $R_{zz}$ controlled rotations?

This is a sequel to How are two different registers being used as "control"? I found the following quantum circuit given in Fig 5 (page 6) of the same paper i.e. Quantum Circuit Design for ...
1k views

How to reduce circuit elements of a decomposed $C^2(U)$ operation?

This question refers to Nielsen and Chuang's Exercise 4.22: Prove that a $C^2(U)$ gate (for any single-qubit unitary U) can be constructed using at most eight one-qubit gates, and six controlled-not ...
211 views

Two qubit gate decomposition in using Qiskit

I am writing some python code to be able to optimise the total error in two qubit gate decomposition. I am using the Qiskit module qiskit.quantum_info.synthesis.two_qubit_decompose My question relates ...
75 views

How do we realise photonic gates?

I am interested in photonic computing, and I am curious how the gates work. I once saw a picture of a photonic CNOT gate that used just mirrors and polarizers. I have not been able to find any ...
88 views

Is the universality of a qubit based quantum computer different from the universality of a continuous-variable quantum computer?

I understand that a quantum computer is universal if it can compute anything that a quantum Turing machine can. Another way to think about universality is that any unitary transformation on, e.g., a ...
41 views

Equivalence checking of quantum circuits up to error

Suppose you are given two circuit descriptions $A$ and $B$ where by a circuit description I mean a sequence of gates (in the order they are applied) and the qubits they are applied on. (For the sake ...
100 views

Exact functions of a single-iteration Grover Search Algorithm's operators

I'm doing a practice assignment where I'm asked to identify specific features of the Grover Search Algorithm's second operator (picture in post, further on "$Us$"), which mirrors the system relative ...
63 views

Solovay-Kitaev Balanced Group Commutators in SU(2) Implementation

I am currently looking into quantum compilation and came across Dawson and Nielsen's paper on the Solovay-Kitaev Algorithm, which seems like a good starting point as it is referenced in a many of the ...
68 views

Universality for reversible classical computation

Is there any way to check whether a set of gates (for example, take the set comprising of the CNOT gate and the Hadamard gate) is universal for reversible classical computation? I can think of trial ...
55 views

Extract the Crosstalk noise of a circuit in Qiskit

I'm new to Quantum Computing. How to extract the cross-talk noise of a quantum circuit using qiskit? Can someone provide an example code for this?
69 views

An algorithm to perform Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization of linearly independent state vectors

In the first paragraph of the 2nd section of this article, it is stated that given a set of linearly independent $n$-qubit state vectors, Alice can perform the Gram-Schmidt procedure to obtain ...
80 views

Good resources for seeing qubit control pulse shapes (Transmon qubits)

I'm looking for resources which can show the pulse shapes for various single-qubit and two-qubit gates. More specifically, is there any resource which can show me calibrated pulse shapes so that I can ...
139 views

Which codes can implement transversal non-Clifford gates

A paper Three-dimensional surface codes: Transversal gates and fault-tolerant architectures discusses 3D surface codes and shows that CZ and CCZ gates are transversal in [these] codes. They give a ...