# Questions tagged [quantum-gate]

For questions regarding usage, performance, implementation, application or theory related to quantum gates.

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### Sequential circuit using quantum gates

Without feedback/loop how can we build a sequential circuit? The basic feature of sequential circuit is that is depends not only on the current inputs but also on the previous inputs/outputs. I've ...
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### What is the difference between quantum control and quantum optimal control?

In the context of quantum control theory, it is common to see references to both quantum control and quantum optimal control (e.g. 0910.2350 or the guide on qutip quantrum control functions). ...
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### Physical implementation of gates on IBM Q

There is a lot of quantum gates in IBM Q Composer, however, only few are implemented physically while others can be composed of them. When one looks at description of a quantum processor in IBM Q ...
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### How many qubits and how many gates, are required for finding the eigenvalues of a matrix?

Say I have an $N \times N$ matrix and I want to know the eigenvalues to a precision of $\pm \epsilon$. How many qubits and how many gates do I need?
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### How exactly is the stated composite state of the two registers being produced using the $R_{zz}$ controlled rotations?

This is a sequel to How are two different registers being used as "control"? I found the following quantum circuit given in Fig 5 (page 6) of the same paper i.e. Quantum Circuit Design for ...
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### Equivalence checking of quantum circuits up to error

Suppose you are given two circuit descriptions $A$ and $B$ where by a circuit description I mean a sequence of gates (in the order they are applied) and the qubits they are applied on. (For the sake ...
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### Exact functions of a single-iteration Grover Search Algorithm's operators

I'm doing a practice assignment where I'm asked to identify specific features of the Grover Search Algorithm's second operator (picture in post, further on "$Us$"), which mirrors the system relative ...
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### Decomposition of any 2-level matrix into single qubit and CNOT gates

I saw an example which takes a 2 level matrix. Which is a $8\times8$ matrix that acts non trivially only on 2 levels of only states $|000\rangle$ and $|111\rangle$. The way they do it is by using a ...
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### Preparation of states that correspond to efficiently integrable probability distributions

I have been trying to implement methods from paper Creating superpositions that correspond to efficiently integrable probability distributions by Grover and Rudolph. It is stated that there exists an ...
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### Question Regarding Quantum Period-Finding Fourier Transform Approximation

I am following the 5.4.1 Period-Finding Algorithm in Nielsen and Chuang as shown below: My confusion lies with the second expression of point 3 in the procedure. Why is the second expression an ...
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### Writing the transformation matrix for the following in terms of Kronecker products of elementary 2-qubit gates

I have a set of transformations that transforms $|11001\rangle\to |10101\rangle$ which is basically keeping the leftmost qubit as it is and then it is just the CNOT between the successive qubits, I ...