Questions tagged [qiskit]

Qiskit is an open source SDK for working with quantum computers at the level of pulses, circuits and application modules. If appropriate, also use the [programming] tag.

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23
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3answers
7k views

How can I implement an n-bit Toffoli gate?

I want to create a Toffoli gate controlled by n qubits, and implement it in QISKit. Can this be done? If so, how?
6
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1answer
2k views

Evaluating expectation values of operators in Qiskit

I'm wondering how in Qiskit one can calculate the expectation value of an operator given as a WeightedPauli (or, at least, of a single ...
5
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2answers
831 views

Big Endian vs. Little Endian in Qiskit

I've noticed that Q# favors Little Endian. Meaning that most operations are designed for this type of encoding. Is is it the same with Qiskit?
12
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3answers
1k views

How is the Grover-Algorithm applied to a database?

Question I want to use the Grover-Algorithm to search an unsorted database for an element $x$. Now the question arises, how do I initialize index and value of the database with the qubits? Example ...
18
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6answers
6k views

How do I build a gate from a matrix on Qiskit?

I'm creating a gate for a project and need to test if it has the same results as the original circuit in a simulator, how do I build this gate on Qiskit? It's a 3 qubit gate, 8x8 matrix: $$ \frac{1}{...
8
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1answer
5k views

How to create an arbitrary state in QISKit for a local_qasm_simulator?

I would like to play with a quantum circuit local_qasm_simulator in QISKit, but I do not want to implement a separate quantum circuit that would prepare an initial ...
4
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2answers
683 views

Given a state $|\phi\rangle=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}(|0\rangle+e^{i\theta}|1\rangle)$, how do I know the angle $\theta$?

Question1. If there is a state $|\phi\rangle=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}(|0\rangle+e^{i\theta}|1\rangle)$, and I want to know the angle $\theta$. What kind of measurement should I do? Could somebody give me ...
1
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2answers
97 views

quantum random number generator implementation in quantum lab

How can I generate and print a 32 bit sequence of 0s and 1s in Qiskit or IBM Q experience quantum lab using quantum random number generator implementation?
9
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1answer
2k views

Phase-Shift Gate in Qiskit

How to implement the phase shift gate in qiskit or ibmq? Phase Shift Gate : $$\begin{pmatrix}e^{ia} && 0 \\ 0 && e^{ia}\end{pmatrix} = e^{ia}I$$
7
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1answer
441 views

What is the relationship between Choi and Chi matrix in Qiskit?

I'm struggling with the framework for quantum process tomography on Qiskit. The final step of such a framework is running fit method of ...
7
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1answer
2k views

What are theta, phi and lambda in cu1(theta, ctl, tgt) and cu3(theta, phi, lam, ctl, tgt)? What are the rotation matrices being used?

I was reading the documentation for qiskit.QuantumCircuit and came across the functions cu1(theta, ctl, tgt) and ...
0
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1answer
110 views

Error while trying to execute the Quantum Circuits in IBMQ

I have been trying to execute the quantum circuit in the backend of the IBM 16 qubit Melbourne machine. I end up getting ...
4
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1answer
114 views

How can I find a Clifford+T approximation of an arbitrary one qubit gate in Qiskit?

I know the Solovay-Kitaev algorithm can achieve this. Is there an implementation of this or any other algorithm for the same task in Qiskit? Or perhaps some other library that interfaces well with ...
3
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2answers
287 views

In Grover's Algorithm, does the exact solution need to be given to the oracle?

From my understanding, the oracle function in Grover's algorithm is used as a way to check for the desired outcome. I have looked at this example which implements the Exactly-1 3-SAT problem and the ...
13
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1answer
4k views

What is a “barrier” in Qiskit circuits?

I just started studying IBM Qiskit, and cannot find details about the barrier method on the QuantumCircuit class. It is shown in the circuit drawing, but I never heard about it after reading quantum ...
4
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2answers
901 views

How to decompose this two-qubit unitary matrix to the standard gate set?

I have read some of the other decomposition questions here however still don't understand how to do it manually. The matrix I wish to decompose is the following for 2 qubits: $M=\frac{1}{\sqrt2}\...
5
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3answers
139 views

Can I find the axis of rotation for any single-qubit gate?

Suppose I have an arbitrary qiskit $U_3$ gate: $U_3(\theta,\phi,\lambda)$. Is there a way I can find which axis the gate is rotating around? In other words, given any real numbers $\theta,\phi,\lambda$...
4
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1answer
2k views

How to measure in another basis

I am new to qiskit and I have to simulate a quantum circuit. I read this documentation https://qiskit.org/textbook/ch-states/single-qubit-gates.html where it is left as an exercise to the reader to ...
2
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1answer
160 views

VQE restart from a previous computation

I'm running VQE algorithm on ibmq-qasm-simulator. I'm trying to implement a restart mechanism in order to be able to start a new computation from the result of a ...
5
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1answer
143 views

Does the circuit with qubit-wise CZ gates compute the inner product of two states? If not, is there another circuit that does?

I've been searching for a quantum algorithm to compute the the inner product between two $n$-qubit quantum states, namely $\langle\phi|\psi\rangle$, which is in general a complex number. One can get $|...
4
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1answer
479 views

How to use external .csv data file in quantum support vector machine qiskit python code?

I am new to python programming and Qiskit. I would like to ask can we use sklearn for adding external .csv data file before Qiskit libraries, or without sklearn, we can do or is there any other Qiskit ...
4
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1answer
94 views

Vary parameter between shots

Is it possible to tell Qiskit to execute a parameterized gate where the parameter varies between shots? Let's say, for whatever reason, I'd like to speed up the dephasing of a qubit during a run. I ...
4
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1answer
2k views

How to implement if statement based on measurement results in qiskit?

I tried to implement three qubit bit flip code in qiskit and need to get the result of measurements and then apply recovery quantum operations conditioned on the measurement results. The following is ...
7
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1answer
448 views

SWAP gate(s) in the $R(\lambda^{-1})$ step of the HHL circuit for $4\times 4$ systems

Context: On the 5th page of the paper Quantum circuit design for solving linear systems of equations (Cao et al, 2012) there's this circuit: Schematic: A brief schematic of what's actually ...
5
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1answer
559 views

How can noise on a device be simulated using measured noise parameters?

The real devices used as backends for Qiskit have calibration data that quantifies errors ($T_1$ and $T_2$, gate fidelities, etc). This can be accessed by, for example ...
3
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1answer
86 views

How to make a half adder for x number of qubits with min. cost?

How to make a half adder for N inputs and getting the output on another x+1 output. Where x ...
2
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4answers
135 views

How do I get the Unitary matrix of a circuit without using the 'unitary_simulator'?

I am using jupyter notebook and qiskit. I have a simple quantum circuit and I want to know how to get the unitary matrix of the circuit without using 'get_unitary' from the Aer unitary_simulator. i.e.:...
2
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2answers
104 views

Conjugate transpose of a U-gate

I want to be able to create the circuit depicted below, but running the code below results in an empty circuit when viewing the job afterwards. ...
2
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2answers
313 views

Mitigating the noise in a quantum circuit

I'm using Qiskit and I have a Quantum Circuit (say, circuit) that gives reasonable results when using the simulator, namely ...
2
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0answers
436 views

Decomposition of an arbitrary gate using given matrix in Qiskit

If I have an arbitrary non-unitary matrix of say $$ U = \begin{pmatrix} 1.5 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 1.6 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 \\ \end{...
1
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2answers
92 views

How to measure a qubit Hamiltonian in qiskit

I am using qiskit to get some measurement results of observables similar to the Hamiltonian. Can someone provide the way how qiskit measures the Hamiltonian (Jordan-Wigner transformed) when using VQE? ...
9
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3answers
3k views

How to quickly calculate the custom U3 gate parameters $\theta, \phi$ and $\lambda$ for any unitary?

In IBM Qiskit and Quantum Experience, the custom U3 gate is defined as $$ U(\theta, \phi, \lambda) = \begin{pmatrix} \cos\left(\frac{\theta}{2}\right) & -e^{...
8
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3answers
3k views

How to calculate an Expected Value of some operator acting on qubits?

I'm trying to implement the Variational Quantum Eigensolver in Qiskit. Suppose, I have an operator $A = \sigma_1^z\sigma_2^z$ acting on some two-qubit state $|\psi\rangle$. After a measurement I get ...
3
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2answers
136 views

How can I load a probability distribution using a quantum circuit in Qiskit?

Can someone suggest me a way to load a distribution (for example a discretized Gaussian distribution) into a quantum computer using a quantum circuit? I tried to implement the code using Qiskit.
9
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3answers
548 views

Does conditional gate collapse controller's superposition?

I've created a simple circuit in Q-Kit to understand conditional gates and outputted states on each step: In the beginning there is clear 00 state, which is the input The first qubit is passed ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Qiskit - Z expectation value from counts?

For a given state $|\psi\rangle$, how would I work out $\langle\psi|Z|\psi\rangle$ ? If I run a quantum circuit and get the counts dictionary on qiskit, I get observables in the Z basis. For n=1 ...
7
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1answer
110 views

What are some current applications of Quantum Computing in drug discovery? Are there any test examples of this?

I am interested in applying the power of Quantum Computing to drug discovery. Although I realize that quantum computing is limited in regards to modeling drug-like compounds and their interactions ...
6
votes
2answers
128 views

Is there a general order finding quantum algorithm for a given a and N?

I'm trying to construct a general circuit for Shor's algorithm in Qiskit. I understood the later parts of the circuit (inverse QFT and QPE), but can't really understand the order finding. For example, ...
5
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2answers
403 views

Checking value of variable using quantum approach

A beginner question after watching few videos. Say, var=a; var can be either of two values, ...
4
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3answers
2k views

Comparing run times on IBM Quantum Experience

I have run this program - ...
4
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1answer
551 views

How good is basic_device_noise_model() simulating the noise in the quantum computer?

Is there any paper or article about the performance of the noise model using basic_device_noise_model()? For example, like the noise model in the code below. ...
3
votes
2answers
266 views

How to measure in the bell basis?

The question is quite straightforward, I have some two qubit state and I want to measure it in the Bell basis. This question answers me partly, but I still have some doubts because, I thought that ...
2
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1answer
478 views

Question About How Qiskit Reset Gate Affects Other Entangled Qubits

I am trying to understand how the reset gate in Qiskit affects qubits its entangled with. Consider the following circuit with qubits $q_0$ and $q_1$: Where circuit240 takes $|0\rangle$ to $a|0\rangle ...
0
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1answer
644 views

Creating and running parallel circuits in Qiskit

I'm trying to create and run parallel execution using the instruction here. However, when I implement it, it tells me that I shouldn't be using compile anymore ...
10
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1answer
408 views

Submitting jobs to IBM devices without Python

Qiskit can be used to submit jobs to IBM devices using Python (or Swift and JavaScript). But what if I want to use a different language? For example, suppose I have a specific circuit I want to run. ...
9
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2answers
1k views

Quantum algorithm for linear systems of equations (HHL09): Step 2 - Preparation of the initial states $|\Psi_0\rangle$ and $|b\rangle$

This is a continuation of Quantum algorithm for linear systems of equations (HHL09): Step 2 - What is $|\Psi_0\rangle$? In the paper: Quantum algorithm for linear systems of equations (Harrow, ...
8
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2answers
263 views

Construct Controlled-$G^{\dagger}$ from known Controlled-$G$

Let there be a known a scheme (quantum circuit) of Controlled-G, where unitary gate G has G$^†$ such that G≠G$^†$ and GG$^†$=I (for example S and S$^†$, T and T$^†$, V and V$^†$, but not Pauli and H ...
8
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2answers
437 views

Why do we need a Classical Register for carrying out Quantum Computations?

I've just started to mess about with QISKit on Python and one thing is confusing me a fair bit. Given that we are building Quantum Circuits what is the need for a classical register ? Is it because ...
6
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3answers
1k views

Access results from an experiment without having to run the script again

I have ran an experiment in one of the IBM processors and the work has finished. However, I can not obtain the data as histograms or counts in the qiskit notebook because the experiment was concluded ...
6
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3answers
679 views

What is the location of the Qiskit config file?

I'm trying to follow the instructions here https://qiskit.org/documentation/getting_started.html. It says The default backend for qiskit.visualization.circuit_drawer() or QuantumCircuit.draw() is ...