Questions tagged [ppt-criterion]

For questions about the positive partial transpose (PPT) criterion, or more generally about PPT states.

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6 votes
2 answers

What is a separable decomposition for the Werner state?

Consider the two-qubit Werner state, defined as $$\rho_z = z |\Psi_-\rangle\!\langle \Psi_-| + \frac{1-z}{4}I, \quad |\Psi_-\rangle\equiv\frac{1}{\sqrt2}(|00\rangle-|11\rangle),$$ for $z\ge0$. Using ...
4 votes
0 answers

How to show that Werner states produce correlations explainable via local hidden variable models?

Werner states can be written as $$\rho_W= p\frac{\Pi_+}{\binom{n+1}{2}} +(1-p)\frac{\Pi_-}{\binom{n}{2}}, $$ with $\Pi_\pm\equiv\frac12(I\pm\mathrm{SWAP})$ projectors onto the $\pm1$ eigenspaces of ...
4 votes
0 answers

What proportions of certain sets of PPT-two-retrit states are bound entangled or separable?

For two particular (twelve-and thirteen-dimensional) sets of two-retrit states (corresponding to 9 x 9 density matrices with real off-diagonal entries), I have been able to calculate the Hilbert-...
4 votes
0 answers

Finding separable decompositions of bipartite X-states using the methodology of Li and Qiao

Two recent papers of Jun-Li Li and Cong-Feng Qiao (arXiv:1607.03364 and arXiv:1708.05336) present "practical schemes for the decomposition of a bipartite mixed state into a sum of direct products of ...
3 votes
1 answer

What are the ranges of the four $q$ parameters in the magic simplex of Bell states formula?

Equation (7) in the 2012 paper, "Complementarity Reveals Bound Entanglement of Two Twisted Photons" of B. C. Hiesmayr and W. Löffler for a state $\rho_d$ in the "magic simplex" of Bell states \begin{...
11 votes
0 answers

Estimate/determine Bures separability probabilities making use of corresponding Hilbert-Schmidt probabilities

For two-qubit states, represented by a $4\times 4$ density matrix, the generic state is described by 15 real parameters. For ease of calculation, it can help to consider restricted families of states, ...
4 votes
1 answer

Why is $\rho$ NPT if and only if $\rho^{\otimes N}$ is NPT?

In Horodecki et al. (1998), to prove that distillability implies having a negative partial transpose (being NPT). The authors use the fact that "a state $\rho$ is NPT if and only if $\rho^{\otimes N}$ ...
3 votes
1 answer

For 2x2 and 2x3 systems, is the partial transpose the only positive but not CP operation?

Question: For 2x2 and 2x3 systems, is the partial transpose the only positive but not completely positive operation that is possible? Why this came up: The criteria for detecting if a state $\rho$ is ...
4 votes
1 answer

How are witness operators physically implemented?

Let's take an example of an entanglement witness of the form $W = | \phi \rangle \langle \phi | ^{T_2}$ where $ | \phi \rangle $ is some pure entangled state. If I wanted to test some state $\rho$, I ...
5 votes
0 answers

Finding a class $C$ of bipartite PPT states such that entanglement of $\rho \in C$ implies entanglement of $\rho + \rho^{\Gamma}$

Consider an entangled bipartite quantum state $\rho \in \mathcal{M}_d(\mathbb{C}) \otimes \mathcal{M}_{d'}(\mathbb{C})$ which is positive under partial transposition, i.e., $\rho^\Gamma \geq 0$. As ...