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Questions tagged [physical-realization]

For questions about practical computers or processors that run on a quantum architecture. This is for questions about the machines themselves, not just any computing that could take place on one. DO NOT use this tag for questions about simulation or emulation of quantum computers, or cloud-based quantum computing services like the IBM Q Experience.

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How do I add 1+1 using a quantum computer?

This can be seen as the software complement to How does a quantum computer do basic math at the hardware level? The question was asked by a member of the audience at the 4th network of the Spanish ...
12
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4answers
804 views

Do real commercial quantum computers exist?

We have been reading about quantum computers being developed and tested in labs. And also, we have quantum simulator programs that use limited virtual qubits (up to 30-40 qubits if cloud-based). And ...
3
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1answer
58 views

How do frequency-tunable microwave resonators work?

In superconducting quantum computing resonators are typically an LC circuit. If L and C are fixed the resonator will have a fixed resonance frequency. However, I heard that in the group of Prof. John ...
2
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0answers
20 views

Can one make NV centred type qubits from analogus materials in the periodic table?

Can one replace Nitrogen with Phosphorus and Carbon with Silicon and so on? What would be the conditions that would preclude such a realisation? Are there any implemenations so far?
30
votes
7answers
6k views

Why is it harder to build quantum computers than classical computers?

Is it because we don't know exactly how to create quantum computers (and how they must work), or do we know how to create it in theory, but don't have the tools to actually execute it in practice? Is ...
7
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1answer
87 views

Current limits on Grover search space

I was wondering why till date Grover search has been implemented only till 3 qubits (corresponding to size of database = 8). Refer this paper The reason why I ask is that we have much larger sized ...
5
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1answer
64 views

Is there any company that backs and implements diamond vacancy quantum computers?

It is known that there are big companies behind the specific qubit implementations (e.g. ion traps, superconducting loops, topological qubits, etc.). But I have not managed to find the company that is ...
7
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2answers
313 views

How to explain in layman’s terms the significance of the difference of qubits of the D-Wave and IBM QX?

So, @AndrewO mentioned recently that he has had 'encounters' with people wondering why D-Wave has a lot more qubits than IBM. Of course, this comparison is faulty, since the IBM and D-Wave's machine ...
4
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1answer
112 views

D-Wave systems and IBM Q System One

What is the difference between the D-Wave systems and the newly-born IBM Q System One?
9
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2answers
3k views

How many operations can a quantum computer perform per second?

I want to know what time complexity is considered efficient/inefficient for quantum computers. For this, I need to know how many operations a quantum computer can perform per second. Can anyone tell ...
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2answers
200 views

Scale for Quantum Computing [closed]

Does something like Mohs' scale exist for quantum computing? (eg. classical = 0, hybrid = 5, pure quantum = 10) Mohs' scale: a scale of hardness used in classifying minerals. It runs from 1 to 10 ...
2
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0answers
38 views

Does self-induced collapse limit the size of a quantum computer?

This question is related to this question, but I'm specifically interested in self-induced collapse. Suppose that the size of a quantum system alone somehow leads to a projection of the state (a "...
9
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2answers
487 views

What is D-Wave's “Pegasus” architecture?

How is D-Wave's Pegasus architecture different from the Chimera architecture?
10
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1answer
294 views

How are quantum gates realised, in terms of the dynamic?

When expressing computations in terms of a quantum circuit, one makes use of gates, that is, (typically) unitary evolutions. In some sense, these are rather mysterious objects, in that they perform "...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

How are quantum gates implemented in reality? [duplicate]

Quantum gates seem to be like black boxes. Although we know what kind of operation they will perform, we don't know if it's actually possible to implement in reality (or, do we?). In classical ...
4
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2answers
117 views

Processing density capabilities in a quantum processor

Given the theoretical infinite quantum states that a qbit can be expressed as is there any practical limit to the processing density in any given quantum processor as compared to the absolute limits ...
8
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3answers
203 views

What does it mean for a quantum computer to have $X$ qubits?

I want to preface with a disclaimer that I am a physicist with minimal knowledge of computer hardware. I have a solid understanding of quantum information from a theoretical standpoint but zero ...
2
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1answer
94 views

CNOT gate - control qubit is in superposition

If a control qubit is in superposition, how it will affect target qubit if it is collapsed or in superposition? Is it true that CNOT works only if the control bit collapsed to 1? Also, is it possible ...
5
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1answer
770 views

Is there any single-logical-qubit physical device out there as of end 2018?

By my first impression, there are many-qubits computers out there and more to come, as to follow the press. Now a closer look reveals that it's all about designing and building physical qubits. ...
7
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2answers
222 views

The process for transferring qubits between locations

I understand that right now qubits are physical entities in a Quantum Computer and I am playing around on the IBM Quantum Computer as well as the Q# language and dipping my toes into the Quantum world ...
23
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2answers
3k views

How does a quantum computer do basic math at the hardware level?

On reading this Reddit thread I realized that even after a couple months of learning about quantum computing I've absolutely no clue about how a quantum computer actually works. To make the question ...
3
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1answer
509 views

What are some popular myths or common misconceptions about quantum computing? [closed]

The most down-voted question at the moment is about using entanglement for faster-than-light communication. Much like how the word “laser” replaced “magic” in the vernacular not too long ago, what ...
6
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1answer
122 views

Transmons and cooper pair box qubits: two islands or a single island and a reservoir

In scientific literature, one typically describes Cooper pair boxes as a small superconducting island coupled to a superconducting reservoir (say, a large ground plane of superconducting metal, or a ...
10
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3answers
2k views

What countries are leading this “Global Quantum Computing Race”?

The terms Quantum Computing Race and Global Quantum Computing Race have been used in the press and research communities lately in an effort to describe countries making investments into a "battle" to ...
1
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2answers
322 views

What's the current status of quantum computers? [closed]

Is it real now or not completed yet? Can I buy one? / How many quantum computers have been manufactured in the world? Is quantum computing independent (e.g Quantum+LCD+Keyboard) or it add-on for ...
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2answers
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Allowed CNOT gates for IBM Q 5 quantum computer

I trying to do some tests in the IBM Q5 computer of IBM quantm experience for some simple error correction protocols, but as I can see, some operations between the qubits are not allowed. For example,...
2
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0answers
80 views

Is it possible to make our own quantum computer? If yes, what will it take? [closed]

I am thinking as quantum computing is just a new word in tech, so let to explore it by building it or a prototype based on it so I am just wanted help in setting up and initial steps which should I ...
2
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3answers
763 views

Is it possible to purchase quantum computing hardware? [closed]

Are there schematics and/or diagrams out there to build a very basic quantum system?
3
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3answers
163 views

Are qubits the only elements required to build a quantum computer?

The power of a quantum computer is often described in terms of how many qubits it has. Does that mean that quantum computers can be run using only qubits, and nothing more? Wouldn't we require some ...
6
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1answer
117 views

Randomness from deterministic machine

It is known that in a classical computer we can't generate a purely random number by deterministic process. I am taking a course in Quantum Computing, recently I learnt that using state we can ...
6
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1answer
79 views

How scalable are quantum computers when measurement operations are considered?

From a high-level point of view, given a quantum program, typically the last few operations are measurements. In most cases, in order to extract a useful answer, it is necessary to run multiple ...
10
votes
1answer
246 views

Does the D-Wave 2000Q satisfy DiVincenzo's criteria?

DiVincenzo's criteria for quantum computation are the following: A scalable physical system with well characterized qubits. The ability to initialize the state of the qubits to a simple fiducial ...
18
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3answers
1k views

Why do optical quantum computers not have to be kept near absolute zero while superconducting quantum computers do?

This is a follow-up question to @heather's answer to the question : Why must quantum computers be kept near absolute zero? What I know: Superconducting quantum computing: It is an implementation of ...
4
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2answers
147 views

Why D-Wave 2000Q requires such a low pressure?

On the D-Wave 2000Q website, it is stated that the processor environment is kept "in a high vacuum: pressure is 10 billion times lower than atmospheric pressure". Why the pressure has to be such low? ...
6
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2answers
206 views

Are quantum simulators like Microsoft Q# actually using quantum mechanics in their chips?

Unlike Google's Bristlecone or IBM's Qbit computer, do simulators like Q# or Alibaba really use quantum mechanics anywhere in their physical chips? Are they just defining properties using a classical ...
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1answer
59 views

Can quantum computers be clustered together?

I have been interested in the idea of computer clusting which is about making multiple pysical computer system to act as one whole logical computer system computing the same task at the same time, but ...
5
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0answers
140 views

In D-Wave's universal quantum computer, why does the YY term have to be driven along with the linear X term?

D-Wave has a new prototype annealer that uses a Hamiltonian which, if there was enough qubits and sufficient control, would be able to simulate any universal circuit-based quantum computer with at ...
4
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1answer
162 views

Do we really know how a universal quantum computer can be used to revolutionize the design of new drugs or materials?

One of the most promising applications of a quantum computing is the design of new drugs and materials: Quantum computers promise to run calculations far beyond the reach of any conventional ...
9
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2answers
446 views

Is the “Quantum Volume” a fair metric for future, elaborate, high value quantum computations?

A metric called the "quantum volume" has been proposed to somehow compare the utility of different quantum computing hardware. Roughly speaking, it measures their worth by the square of the maximum ...
19
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4answers
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What is the argument that practical quantum computers cannot be built?

An answer to another question mentions that There are arguments that suggests that such machines ["quantum Turing machines"] cannot even be built... I'm not sure I fully understand the problem,...
7
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1answer
90 views

Does a fully working quantum computer solve a specific problem at varying speeds every time?

Lets say we have a fully working quantum computer. I give it a problem to solve and measure how long it takes to solve it. I repeat the process. Would it take the exact same time to solve the same ...
4
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2answers
225 views

Is running a large random brute force on quantum computer possible at the moment?

I want to run a experiment like this: Generate a bunch of random 12-character passwords like $``\texttt{<Bb\{Q,r2Qp8`}".$ Write an algorithm to randomly generate & compare value on quantum ...
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2answers
211 views

Are we certain that quantum computers more efficient than classical computers can be built?

I mean are we certain that they will be able to provide us a huge improvements (in some tasks) compared to clasical computers?
7
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3answers
443 views

When can we expect the first (universal) quantum computer being able to do something useful outside the academic world? [closed]

The governments, big companies (list of quantum processors) and smaller ones are in the competition of building bigger and bigger quantum computers. Not unexpectedly the number of qubits of those ...
12
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2answers
334 views

How to store qubits while preserving Heisenberg's uncertainty principle?

I know that qubits are represented by quantum particles (for example photons) and that their state is given by one property (for example spin). My question is about the quantum memory: how are the ...
13
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3answers
219 views

Scalability of ion trap quantum computers

My understanding is that the magnetic fields needed to hold the ions in place in ion trap quantum computers are very complex, and for that reason, currently, only 1-D computers are possible, therefore ...
13
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2answers
507 views

Why must quantum computers be kept near absolute zero?

Online descriptions of quantum computers often discuss how they must be kept near absolute zero $\left(0~\mathrm{K}~\text{or}~-273.15~{\left. {}^{\circ}\mathrm{C} \right.}\right)$. Questions: Why ...
8
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2answers
796 views

How power-efficient are quantum computers?

As we all know, quantum algorithms scale faster than classical ones (at least for certain problem clases), meaning quantum computers would require a much smaller number of logical operations for ...
13
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2answers
2k views

Is Google's 72 qubit device better than D-Wave's machines, which feature more than 2000 qubits? [duplicate]

Google recently announced the Bristlecone 72 qubit quantum computer. However, D-Wave already announced quantum computers featuring more than $2000$ qubits. Why is Google's new device newsworthy then? ...
10
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2answers
372 views

What real Quantum Computers are available for students to use?

I am aware that IBM, Rigetti, and Google have built some small-scale devices. Which of them are available for access by an undergraduate student? For how long? With how many qubits?