Questions tagged [physical-qubit]

For questions related to physical realizations of quantum bits i.e. quantum systems living in a 2-dimensional Hilbert space.

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Why don't qubits continuously rotate in the $z$ direction due to free time evolution?

If we have a physical qubit with energy eigenstates $|0\rangle$ and $|1\rangle$ with energy separation $\Delta E$ its Hamiltonian in the absence of any interaction is $$H=\hbar\frac{\Delta E}{2}\...
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What does an observable in a different basis mean physically?

So when you have an observable which is the measurement operator acting on the state you get a different result than in a different basis. What does it mean in physical terms? Does that mean writing ...
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Measuring a quantum wire at t > 0

I saw on the site Brilliant.org a question witch is: "Let's say I'm given a quantum wire, I measure it and find it charged "on". If I come back some time later, what state should I measure?" And the ...
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Question about DIY Quantum Computer Prototype

I recently came across these 2 videos on Coursera which show how to build a simple quantum computer that can implement the simplest case of the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm (which uses only 2 qubits). ...
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What is the difference between superposition of $|0\rangle$ and superposition of $|1\rangle$ at physical level?

If we apply Hadamard gate 2 times on a qubit $|0\rangle$ then we will get $|0\rangle$. So there must be something else which is unique for both $|1\rangle$ and $|0\rangle$ which is constant even in ...
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What determines the topology/connectedness of quantum computers?

Some quantum computers hold their qubits in a 2D array. I've even seen a 1D topology I think. On IBM Q, you can see which qubits talk to which qubit. I would like to know what determines/limits the ...
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97 views

What is the problem in demonstrating quantum supremacy?

I am new to the quantum world and it's computing. But it accidentally hit in my mind that DWave built a quantum computer with 2000 qubits which can be use to simulate the whole observable universe or ...
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310 views

Physical realization of qubits with superconducting Josephson junctions

Does anybody know how to explain briefly how to realize qubits (initialization, states transition, measurements,..) with superconducting Josephson junctions, say DC-SQUIDS?
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How many physical qubits are used when I run a program on a IBM Q computer?

How do I find out how many physical-qubits I'm using when I run my program in an IBM Q backend quantum computing system?
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What is the difference between a cooper pair box and a transmon qubit?

These two kinds of qubits are both classified under "charge qubits", looking for them, I always find the same circuit representation. Occasionally, I find one where there's a SQUID instead of the ...
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Excitation of a superconducting circuit

What do we mean by exciting a superconducting circuit--which represent a qubit, how they are get excited inside? how the two states of the qubit are represented in this circuit?
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I thought we had already passed this error and qubit threshold?

As outlined in Quantum Computing Progress and Prospects published this year, on page 169-171 there is the diagram showing that we are at the 10's of qubits mark. Looking into the diagram further there ...
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States of a qubit in a DC-SQUID

Does anybody of you know what are the two states $|0\rangle$ and $|1\rangle$ of a qubit in a DC-SQUID (2 Josephson junctions in a loop)?
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How much power do quantum computers use based on the number of qubits being allocated?

How much power do quantum computers use based on the number of qubits being allocated? If it's not based on qubits, What determines how much power quantum computers use? Note: A similar question was ...
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What noise channel that is not coming from the control can lead to XY qubit rotations?

In a semiclassical treatment, the noise Hamiltonian of a quantum system can be treated as a summation over its noise channels in the following way: $$\hat{H}_{\text{noise}}=\sum_{k}\beta_{k}\left(t\...
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Can one make NV centred type qubits from analogus materials in the periodic table?

Can one replace Nitrogen with Phosphorus and Carbon with Silicon and so on? What would be the conditions that would preclude such a realisation? Are there any implemenations so far?
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Hamiltonian of the valence electron of Yb+ ion

Let's say I have chosen the valence electron of Yb+ as my qubit. I want to consider it's hyperfine structure as the two-level energy states. Are my following assumptions correct? If the magnetic ...
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How do you CNOT between qubits faraway from each other?

I'm just curious. Say I have 3 qubits on a straight line 0-1-2. How do you guys (on the IBMQ or Rigetti team for example, or anyone who actually works on quantum computer) entangle 0-2 if I, say, am ...
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How do I explain qubits to my cousin who is 8 year old?

How do I explain qubits to my cousin who is 8 years old?
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How do quantum gates work on qubits in the physical world?

How do quantum gates work on qubits in the physical world? What are different ways through which qubits can be manipulated in the physical world? For example, by analogy a classical NOT gate uses ...
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60 views

In $|x_1,…,x_n\rangle$, can the individual constituents be called qubits?

A qubit is a quantum system in which the Boolean states 0 and 1 are rep- resented by a prescribed pair of normalised and mutually orthogonal quantum states labeled as ${|0⟩, |1⟩}$ According to [1]. ...
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123 views

Atom magnetic moment caused by orbiting electron

In Nielsen and Chuang Quantum Computation and Quantum Information book section 1.5.1 describing the Stern-Garlach experiment, it says: "Hydrogen atoms contain a proton and an orbiting electron. You ...
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116 views

Converting a qubit's state to a binary value in Q#

In Q#, How do I store a qubits state in a binary-based disk / hard drive for use by regular digital programs? Is this even possible?
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Why do we use two optical modes per qubit in the KLM scheme?

The original KLM paper says: The basic states of a bosonic qubit encoded in modes $l_1$ and $l_2$ are $|0\rangle\mapsto|0\rangle_{l_1}|1\rangle_{l_2}$ and $|1\rangle\mapsto|1\rangle_{l_1}|0\rangle_{...
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Can we have multiple-state unit for quantum computer?

All quantum computers now are working with qubit which is zero or one. Can we have quantum computer with multiple-state unit? Such as trit (trinary, 3 states), digit (10 states) instead of qubit (2 ...
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How promising is the possibility of carbon-based qubits to make a qubit that’s stable at room temperature?

Here is the first article I could find on this idea in 2016: https://arxiv.org/abs/1611.07690 And here is a patent in 2017 for a quantum electronic device developed with one of the authors of the ...
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Readout using an NMR spectrum

I'm trying to understand how to read results from an NMR quantum computer. According to Nielsen and Chuang: The principal output is the free induction decay signal $$V(t) = V_0\text{Tr}\left[e^{-...
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61 views

How to deal with the relative phase from the evaluation of the not interacting qubit?

Every qubit is a realization of some two-level quantum system with $\left| 0 \right\rangle$ and $\left| 1 \right\rangle$ states. These states have their energies $E_0$ and $E_1$ respectively. By ...
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How qubit phase is build in real hardware?

How qubit phase is build in real hardware? On IBM Quantum, D-Wave, etc?
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Charge Qubit vs Transmon

I want to know the big difference, in terms of fabrication (circuit) between a charge Qubit and a Transmon, how is a Transmon less affected by noise ? Many thanks
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What are some general concepts of how a classical computer would interface with a quantum computer?

Very general question so I'm not looking for an exact answer. I just want a basic description of certain ways it can be done and then if possible the names of those ways, so that I can look them up ...
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Calculating the state of the qubit when $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are given [closed]

I am new to quantum computing. Can someone help me in calculating state of the qubit when $\alpha = \frac{3}{5}e^{i\pi/7}$ and $\beta = -\frac{4i}{5}$. Thanks
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Can entangled qubits be disentangled without using code or software?

Is there a way to revert two entangled qubits to a separate state without using code...like restarting a quantum computer? Note: By "restarting a quantum computer", I do not mean restarting a virtual ...
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Can a classical limit of qubit emerge on a classical computer? [closed]

Hello, I am uncertain; however, today at a toy museum, I might have captured a qubit on a classical computing structure, “ a broken 90-marble abacus,” as shown in the attached photos above. I did ...
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Is quantum superposition state a truth or an assumption?

Please, be patient with my question I already read that there is a heuristic that makes superposition a fact of reality. In addition, this superposition, when observed, it has a state of 0 or 1. ...
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Building a DIY quantum computer - how to reduce a noise?

I refer to A DIY Guide to Building a Quantum Computer and Researchers advance noise cancelling for quantum computers. With my friends, I would like to build our simplified quantum computer. We are ...

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