# Questions tagged [pauli-gates]

For questions about Pauli matrices in general or Pauli gates in particular, as relevant to quantum computing and/or quantum information theory. The Pauli matrices are a set of three 2 × 2 complex matrices which are Hermitian and unitary. The three Pauli gates are: Pauli-X gate, Pauli-Y gate & Pauli-Z gate. X = {{0,1},{1,0}}; Y = {{0,-i},{i,0}}; Z = {{1,0},{0,-1}}.

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### Can arbitrary matrices be decomposed using the Pauli basis? [duplicate]

Is it possible to decompose a hermitian and unitrary matrix $A$ into the sum of the Pauli matrix Kronecker products? For example, I have a matrix 16x16 and want it to be decomposed into something ...
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### How can I decompose a matrix in terms of Pauli matrices?

I need to see an example of how Hamiltonian, i.e. any Hermitian matrix, can be decomposed into a linear combination of Pauli matrices. I would prefer an option to do this in larger than 2 dimensions, ...
2k views

### Why can I apply $HS^\dagger$ and then measure in the computational basis to measure $Y$?

I come from a CS background I was reading Neven and Farhi's paper ("Classification with Quantum Neural Networks on near Term Processors"), and I am trying to implement the subset parity problem using ...
• 137
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### Is the Pauli group for $n$-qubits a basis for $\mathbb{C}^{2^n\times 2^n}$?

The $n$-fold Pauli operator set is defined as $G_n=\{I,X,Y,Z \}^{\otimes n}$, that is as the set containing all the possible tensor products between $n$ Pauli matrices. It is clear that the Pauli ...
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### How to construct matrix of regular and "flipped" 2-qubit CNOT?

When constructing the matrices for the two CNOT based on the target and control qubit, I can use reasoning: "If $q_0$==$|0\rangle$, everything simply passes through", resulting in an Identity matrix ...
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1 vote
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### Correctability of X, Y, and Z Errors in Quantum Surface Codes and Color Codes

In surface codes and color codes, when the code distance is $d$, you can correct up to $[(d-1)/2]$ Pauli errors. I would like to know what this $[(d-1)/2]$ Pauli errors means for $X$, $Y$, and $Z$. ...
• 61
1 vote
272 views

### Check if a Pauli string belongs to a stabilizer tableau

Given a Pauli string and a stabilizer tableau, how do I know that the Pauli string belongs to the tableau, i.e. can be written as a product of strings already in the tableau. Thanks.
• 13
1 vote
250 views

### Calculate $\sqrt[4]{X}$ for the Pauli $X$ gate

I was trying to build a $cccx$ gate. According to this paper by Berenco et al., it requires a $\sqrt[4]{X}$ gate. Furthermore, I found another paper by Muradian and Frias with this formula: \sqrt A=\...
159 views

### Cannot interpret transformations on the bloch sphere as matrix multiplications

I understand that X,Y and Z gates are rotations around the axes with the respective letters, but I cannot understand how can Y gate multiply the amplitude of 0 with unreal number and have it landing ...
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