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Questions tagged [partial-transpose]

For questions about partial transpose, i.e. the transpose limited to a subsystem of a composite system.

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How is the expression $\frac{\|\rho^{T_B}\|-1}{2}$ obtained from the definition of negativity?

In quantum information theory, negativity is defined as summation of the absolute values of negative eigenvalues of the partial transposed density matrix. The expression of negativity is given as $$ \...
Anindita Sarkar's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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If $\rho_{AB}$ is a separable then the partial transpose w.r.t to A is PSD

Def: The partial transpose of a linear operator $\rho_{AB}$ over a Hilbert space $H_A \otimes H_B$ w.r.t A is defined for a linear operator $\rho_{AB}=\rho_A \otimes\rho_B$ as $\rho^{T_A}_{AB}=\rho_A^...
some_math_guy's user avatar
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General Bell state expression: What condition for mixture of Bell states to be entangled?

Convention: $|qubit_{A}, qubit_{B}\rangle$ The general Bell state equation: $|\beta(a,b)\rangle = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\sum_{k=0}^{1}(-1)^{ka}|k, k\oplus b\rangle = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}[|0,0 \oplus b\...
Physkid's user avatar
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Finding entanglement in matrix that is a sum of 4 Bell states

A general Bell state: $|\beta(a,b)\rangle = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}[|0,0 \oplus b\rangle + (-1)^{a}|1,1 \oplus b \rangle]$ $|\beta(0,0)\rangle = \frac{1}{2}[|00\rangle \langle 00| + |00\rangle \langle 11| +...
librarian_'s user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
111 views

how to obtain partial transpose of a Tripartite operator?

i know for a bipartite system with elements |ij><kl| elements of its partial transpose are |kj><il| now suppose a ...
reza's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
498 views

Does a partial transpose always have real eigenvalues?

I am working with a tripartite system, but when I partially transpose the $8\times 8$ density matrix I get two complex eigenvalues. I know the criteria for the positive and negative eigenvalues, but ...
QuantumMiu's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
599 views

Is there an identity for the partial transpose of a product of operators?

The partial transpose of an operator $M$ with respect to subsystem $A$ is given by $$ M^{T_A} := \left(\sum_{abcd} M^{ab}_{cd} \underbrace{|a\rangle \langle b| }_{A}\otimes \underbrace{|c \rangle \...
FriendlyLagrangian's user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
234 views

What are examples of zero capacity quantum channels with Choi rank less than $d$?

All the currently known examples of quantum channels with zero quantum capacity are either PPT or anti-degradable. These notions can be conveniently defined in terms of the Choi matrix of the given ...
mathwizard's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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Is there an easy way to calculate the eigenvalues of the partial transpose of a given matrix? [duplicate]

Consider the state $$|\psi\rangle=(\cos\theta_A|0\rangle+\sin\theta_A|1\rangle)\otimes(\cos\theta_B|0\rangle+e^{i\phi_B}\sin\theta_B|1\rangle).$$ To calculate the $\rho^{T_B}$ I first calculate the $\...
heromano's user avatar
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How can one argue that the partial transpose $\rho^{T_B}$ of a general separable state is positive?

How can one argue that the partial transpose $\rho^{T_B}$ of a general separable state is positive?
heromano's user avatar
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How do I calculate the eigenvalues of the positive partial transpose of this two-qubit state?

How can I calculate the eigenvalues of $\rho^{T_{B}}$ (PPT) of the following state $$ \rho =\frac{1}{2}|0\rangle\langle0|\otimes|+\rangle\langle+|+\frac{1}{2}|+\rangle\langle+|\otimes|1\rangle\langle1|...
heromano's user avatar
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In a bipartite system $AB$, why does the entanglement negativity $\mathcal{N}(\rho^{T_A})$ measure the entanglement between $A$ and $B$?

Consider a system composed of two subsystems $A$ and $B$ living in $\mathcal{H}=\mathcal{H}_A \otimes \mathcal{H}_B$. The density matrix of the system $AB$ is defined to be $\rho$. The entanglement ...
FriendlyLagrangian's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
488 views

Defining dimension of an operator in qutip

My main question: Can someone please explain to me how the list of array is used to define the dimension in qutip? Context: If I have my density operator ...
Gem's user avatar
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Finding a class $C$ of bipartite PPT states such that entanglement of $\rho \in C$ implies entanglement of $\rho + \rho^{\Gamma}$

Consider an entangled bipartite quantum state $\rho \in \mathcal{M}_d(\mathbb{C}) \otimes \mathcal{M}_{d'}(\mathbb{C})$ which is positive under partial transposition, i.e., $\rho^\Gamma \geq 0$. As ...
mathwizard's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
235 views

Compute the negativity of maximally entangled bipartite states

The entanglement negativity $\mathcal N(\rho)$ of a (bipartite) state $\rho$ is defined as the absolute value of the sum of the negative eigenvalues of the partial transpose of a state, or ...
glS's user avatar
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1 answer
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Why does the entanglement negativity equal (in magnitude) the sum of the negative eigenvalues?

The entanglement negativity, introduced in (Vidal and Werner 2002), is defined as $$\mathcal N(\rho) \equiv \frac{\|\rho^{T_B}\|_1-1}{2}.$$ It is mentioned there that this equals the sum of the ...
glS's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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How can I implement partial transpose on a variable in Picos (Python, trying to solve an SDP)?

I try to optimise a quantity via an SDP. I optimise over all PPT measurement operators and hence have the constraints $\Pi_k^{T_B} \succeq 0$ (PPT) for my measurement operators. The part of the code ...
root's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
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Why is $\rho$ NPT if and only if $\rho^{\otimes N}$ is NPT?

In Horodecki et al. (1998), to prove that distillability implies having a negative partial transpose (being NPT). The authors use the fact that "a state $\rho$ is NPT if and only if $\rho^{\otimes N}$ ...
glS's user avatar
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1 answer
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Are inseparable states with positive partial transpose nonlocal?

In Horodecki, Horodecki and Horodecki (1998), Mixed-state entanglement and distillation: is there a ``bound'' entanglement in nature?, the authors remark in the conclusions (beginning of pag. 4, ...
glS's user avatar
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5 votes
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Understanding the classification of quantum states based on partial transposition: representations of the bipartite density matrix

I'm going through some slides on the PPT/NPT criteria along with Horodecki's paper, and I'm kind of stuck. Let's take this slide: Firstly, why can we write a bipartite density matrix as $\sum_{...
Sanchayan Dutta's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
399 views

Equivalent determinant condition for Peres-Horodecki criteria

The Peres-Horodecki criteria for a 2*2 state states that if the smallest eigenvalue of the partial transpose of the state is negative, it is entangled, else it is separable. According to this paper (...
Mahathi Vempati's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
105 views

Structural Physical Approximation of Partial Transpose

To make the partial transpose a complete positive and therefore physical map, one has to mix it with enough of the maximally mixed state to offset the negative eigenvalues. The most negative ...
Mahathi Vempati's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
286 views

Are entanglement witnesses of this form optimal?

One can make an entanglement witness by taking the partial transpose of any pure entangled state. Consider $|\phi \rangle $ as any pure entangled state. Then $W = | \phi \rangle \langle \phi |^{T_2} ...
Mahathi Vempati's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
321 views

For 2x2 and 2x3 systems, is the partial transpose the only positive but not CP operation?

Question: For 2x2 and 2x3 systems, is the partial transpose the only positive but not completely positive operation that is possible? Why this came up: The criteria for detecting if a state $\rho$ is ...
Mahathi Vempati's user avatar
14 votes
3 answers
894 views

Is acting with a positive map on a state not part of a larger system allowed?

In the comments to a question I asked recently, there is a discussion between user1271772 and myself on positive operators. I know that for a positive trace-preserving operator $\Lambda$ (e.g. the ...
Quantum spaghettification's user avatar