# Questions tagged [partial-trace]

For questions centred around or involving the notion of partial trace. The partial trace is a generalization of the notion of trace defined for multipartite systems.

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### Prove that $\rho_{AB} \leq |B|(\rho_A\otimes I_B)$ for any bipartite state $\rho_{AB}$

I'm trying to prove the following statement but am lost on how to show it. For a quantum state $\rho_{AB}$ with marginal $\rho_A$, how can one show that $$\rho_{AB} \leq|B|(\rho_A\otimes I_B)$$ where ...
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### Closest quantum state with a fixed marginal: Analytical solution?

Let $\rho_{AB}$ be a bipartite state and let $\sigma_{B}$ be another state. What state $\tilde{\rho}_{AB}$ is closest to $\rho_{AB}$ and satisfies $\tilde{\rho}_B = \sigma_B$? We can define closeness ...
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### How to trace out qubits from a multipartite density matrix [duplicate]

I have a density made up of 4 qubits. Say system A is made up of the first and second qubits while system B is made up of qubits 3 and 4. I want to trace out 2nd and 3rd qubits. Is there any reference ...
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### How can I understand these two equations about the indirect measurement?

I'm reading an article about environmental monitoring and information transfer. Suppose $S$ represents a quantum system and $E$ is the environment. Assume at time $t=0$ there are no correlations ...
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### What's the 'physical consistency' in the partial trace scenario?

I'm reading 'Why the partial trace' section on page 107 in Nielsen and Chuang textbook. Here's part of their explanations that I don't quite understand: Physical consistency requires that any ...
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### Bob applies a projector - what happens to eigenvalues of Alice's reduced state?

Suppose Alice and Bob share a state $\rho_{AB}$. Let us denote the reduced states as $\rho_A = \text{Tr}_B(\rho_{AB})$ and $\rho_B = \text{Tr}_A(\rho_{AB})$. Bob applies a projector so the new global ...
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### Non-lockability of quantum max-entropy

Lockability and non-lockability are explained in this paper. A real valued function of a quantum state is called non-lockable if its value does not change by too much after discarding a subsystem. The ...
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### Eigenvalues of a quantum state after partial tracing

I am interested in the smallest nonzero eigenvalue of a quantum state. Does this eigenvalue always increasing after a partial trace i.e. the smallest nonzero eigenvalue of $\rho_A$ is always larger ...
### Given $\rho,\sigma$ such that $F(\rho,\sigma)=0$, what can we say about $F(\text{Tr}_A(\rho),\text{Tr}_B(\sigma))$?
Lets say $\rho,\sigma$ satisfy $F(\rho,\sigma)=0$, i.e., they are quantum states living on orthogonal supports. What can we say about $F(\text{Tr}_A(\rho),\text{Tr}_B(\sigma))$? I am looking for upper ...