Questions tagged [optical-quantum-computing]

For questions about the specific realization of quantum computing that uses photons as qubits. Examples of gates include the Fabry-Perot cavity or linear optical components like beamsplitters. Questions with this tag can ask about both theory and practice, as long as it relates to this specific realization.

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19
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3answers
2k views

Why do optical quantum computers not have to be kept near absolute zero while superconducting quantum computers do?

This is a follow-up question to @heather's answer to the question : Why must quantum computers be kept near absolute zero? What I know: Superconducting quantum computing: It is an implementation of ...
19
votes
1answer
475 views

Is “probabilitistic,universal, fault tolerant quantum computation” possible with continuous values?

It seems to be a widely held belief within the scientific community that it is possible to do "universal, fault-tolerant" quantum computation using optical means by following what is called "linear ...
17
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2answers
461 views

Is it possible to “calculate” the absolute value of a permanent using Boson Sampling?

In boson sampling, if we start with 1 photon in each of the first $M$ modes of an interferometer, the probability of detecting 1 photon in each output mode is: $|\textrm{Perm}(A)|^2$, where the ...
11
votes
2answers
545 views

State produced by spontaneous parametric down-conversion (SPDC)

I'm researching SPDC's efficacy for use in an optical quantum computing model and I've been trying to figure out exactly what state the photons are in when they come out (as represented by a vector, ...
10
votes
1answer
178 views

What is the status of quantum computing compared with other (photonic) quantum technologies?

There is a number of emerging quantum technologies, among which we find the category of photon-based quantum technologies, including quantum key distribution or quantum random number generators. The ...
8
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1answer
273 views

How do you apply a CNOT on polarization qubits?

I read that a qubit can be encoded in a polarization state (horizontal or vertical polarization of a photon). How do you perform two-qubit operations on a polarization qubit?
7
votes
2answers
208 views

Improving probability of spontaneous parametric down conversion

As mentioned in an earlier question of mine, I am interested in using type one spontaneous down conversion (SPDC) in optical quantum computing. However, SPDC is a somewhat low probability occurrence - ...
6
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1answer
183 views

Physical qubit of optical quantum computer

I was researching how optical quantum computers work and discovered a KLM protocol that allows for building quantum gates using linear optics elements like mirrors, beam splitters, and phase shifters. ...
6
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1answer
251 views

What is the relation between single photon qubits and squeezed light qubits?

In my constant thrill to know more about Quantum Computing I wanna know what is this relation. Additionally: Can one use squeezed light to effect multi-qubit operations on single photon qubits, or are ...
5
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2answers
59 views

What are some good resources for learning about photonic qubits?

I am interested in resources that would allow me to learn about the physics behind optical quantum computation, and specifically, the physical properties of photonic qubits. I have some good resources ...
5
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2answers
95 views

Multi-photon states in photonic quantum computing?

Within photonic quantum computing, one of the ways to represent information is the dual-rail representation of single-photon states ($c_0|01\rangle \ + \ c_1|10\rangle$). Is it possible to utilize ...
4
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2answers
48 views

What is the correct sign in the unitary evolution operator of a beam splitter?

I'm a bit confused about which is the correct sign in the unitary evolution operator of a beam splitter. In paper Digital quantum simulation of linear and nonlinear optical elements author uses the ...
4
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0answers
47 views

Are single photons necessary for this quantum autoencoder implementation?

The following diagram is from Experimental Realization of a Quantum Autoencoder: The Compression of Qutrits via Machine Learning How this setup works: What will be obtained from this set up is the ...
4
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0answers
107 views

What are the main obstacles to overcome to build silicon-photonic quantum computers?

In superconducting quantum computers, we use mostly superconducting qubits or trapped ions. However, those systems are quite large because their environment either requires near absolute zero ...
3
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0answers
33 views

Boson Sampling with a single beamsplitter

In Boson Sampling as first proposed by Aaronson and Arkhipov in arxiv.org/abs/1011.3245, the interferometer is made up of phase shifters and beamsplitters. As these gates are universal, drawing the ...
2
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1answer
125 views

Hamiltonian for Single-photon, Single-atom QED Cavity

Equation 7.71 of Nielsen and Chuang's Quantum Computation and Quantum Information gives the Hamiltonian for a two level atom and single mode photons in a cavity as: $H = \hbarωN + δZ + g(a^†σ_− + aσ_+...
2
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0answers
31 views

How to perform quantum logic gates on plasmons?

In the link provided researches utilize strong two-plasmon absorption in graphene nanoribbons to create a “square-root-of-swap”, could such a device be utilized to perform other quantum logic gates? ...
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0answers
24 views

Timing accuracy for the KLM protocol and how do controlled gates work?

I'm working on an open-source and open-hardware implementation of the KLM protocol, currently I'm working on EDA software that converts OpenQASM code into a manufacturable PCB As part of that, I need ...