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Questions tagged [fidelity]

For questions about the fidelity between quantum states.

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23 votes
4 answers
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Can we combine the square roots inside the definition of the fidelity?

The (Uhlmann-Jozsa) fidelity of quantum states $\rho$ and $\sigma$ is defined to be $$F(\rho, \sigma) := \left(\mathrm{tr} \left[\sqrt{\sqrt{\rho} \sigma \sqrt{\rho}} \right]\right)^2.$$ However, as ...
tparker's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
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Is the quantum state fidelity defined as $F(\rho, \sigma)=\text{tr}\sqrt{\rho^{1/2}\sigma\rho^{1/2}}$ or its square?

I have seen two different definition of Fidelity in different sources. For example, Nielsen & Chuang QCQI, 10th edition, page 409 defines Fidelity like the following: $$ F(\rho, \sigma) := \...
QuestionEverything's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
806 views

Intuitive role of the polar decomposition in proof of Uhlmann's theorem for fidelity

I have read the Wikipedia article which relates the polar decomposition to a complex number being split into its modulus and phase but this analogy isn't very intuitive to me. In Nielsen and Chuang, ...
user1936752's user avatar
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14 votes
2 answers
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What is the difference between the "Fubini-Study distances" $\arccos|\langle\psi|\phi\rangle|$ and $\sqrt{1-|\langle\psi|\phi\rangle|}$?

I sometimes see the "Fubini-Study distance" between two (pure) states $|\psi\rangle,|\phi\rangle$ written as $$ d(\psi,\phi)_1=\arccos(|\langle\psi|\phi\rangle|), $$ for example in the Wikipedia page. ...
glS's user avatar
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11 votes
2 answers
3k views

How can I calculate the inner product of two quantum registers of different sizes?

I found an algorithm that can compute the distance of two quantum states. It is based on a subroutine known as swap test (a fidelity estimator or inner product of two state, btw I don't understand ...
Aman's user avatar
  • 503
8 votes
1 answer
770 views

How to calculate the average fidelity of an amplitude damping channel

An answer to this question shows how to calculate the average fidelity of a depolarizing channel. How would one go about calculating this for an amplitude dampening channel? I tried working out the ...
Quantum Guy 123's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
605 views

Simulate a quantum channel with a certain fidelity

I am looking for an easy-to-use framework for simulating a quantum channel that can accept the desired average fidelity of the channel as input. For example, if I want a channel with 98% average ...
Quantum Guy 123's user avatar
14 votes
3 answers
1k views

What is the longest time a qubit has survived with 0.9999 fidelity?

I am pretty intrigued by the record time that a qubit has survived.
Daniel Tordera's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
1k views

On the distribution of the fidelity of a random product state with an arbitrary many-qubit state

Consider an arbitrary $n$-qubit state $\lvert \psi \rangle$. How much do we understand about the probability distribution of the fidelity of $\lvert \psi \rangle$ with a tensor product $\lvert \alpha \...
Niel de Beaudrap's user avatar
14 votes
1 answer
6k views

What is a stabilizer state?

I am reading through the paper "Direct Fidelity Estimation from Few Pauli Measurements" (arXiv:1104.4695) and it mentions 'stabilizer state'. "The number of repetitions depends on the ...
Quantum Guy 123's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
793 views

Quantum circuit for computing fidelity

Suppose we use Uhlmann-Jozsa fidelity $$ F(\rho, \sigma):=\left(\mathrm{tr}\sqrt{\sqrt{\rho}\sigma\sqrt{\rho}}\right)^2. $$ Can we construct a quantum circuit that helps us calculate the fidelity of ...
raycosine's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
3k views

How to calculate the fidelity of a certain gate of a IBMQ device in Qiskit using randomized benchmarking/tomography?

For example, I want to calculate the fidelity of a 1-qubit and 2-qubit gates (similar to the result shown in figure 2 in this paper). Is there any way to do that in Qiskit? I've gone through the ...
Trong Duong's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
594 views

Prove the fidelity can be written in terms of Pauli expectation values as ${\rm tr}(\rho\sigma)=\sum_k \chi_\rho(k)\chi_\sigma(\rho)$

I am reading through "Direct Fidelity Estimation from Few Pauli Measurements" and it states that the measure of fidelity between a desired pure state $\rho$ and an arbitrary state $\sigma$ ...
Quantum Guy 123's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
1k views

What would be an ideal fidelity measure to determine the closeness between two non unitary matrices?

The Hibert Schmidt norm $\mathrm {tr}(A^{\dagger}B)$ works well for unitaries. It has a value of one when the matrices are equal and less than one otherwise. But this norm is absolutely unsuitable for ...
Tejas Shetty's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
971 views

What is the connection between Bures metric and (finite) Bures distance?

The Wikipedia page discussing the Bures metric introduces it as the Hermitian 1-form operator $G$ defined implicitly by $\rho G+G\rho = \mathrm d\rho$, and which induces the corresponding Bures ...
glS's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
794 views

How to calculate the average fidelity of Pauli error channel

This question is related to this and this. I am working on Qiskit to design QEC schemes. My model works with Pauli errors. I would like to give to my Pauli error channel probabilities $p_x,p_y,p_z$ ...
Daniele Cuomo's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
326 views

Proving the inequality $|\mathrm{tr}(AU)|\le \mathrm{tr}|A|$ in Uhlmann's theorem

In Nielsen and Chuang, in the Fidelity section, (Lemma 9.5, page 410 in the 2002 edition), they prove the following. $$ \mathrm{tr}(AU) = |\mathrm{tr}(|A|VU)| = |\mathrm{tr}(|A|^{1/2}|A|^{1/2}VU)| $$ ...
Mahathi Vempati's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
624 views

What is the intuition behind Bures and angle metrics?

I am reading Distance measures to compare real and ideal quantum processes and it is explained the motivation behind Bures metric and angle metric. Bures metric is defined as: $$B(\rho,\sigma)=\sqrt{2-...
Marco Fellous-Asiani's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
1k views

Is there any way we get the state vector/density matrix of a noisy simulation in qiskit?

In Qiskit we can't use noise models in the 'state vector_simulator' or the 'unitary simulator', hence making it impossible to compute fidelity of the output of the noisy circuit and the noiseless ...
Pingal Pratyush Nath's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
286 views

How can I find the fidelity of the preparation operation $|0\rangle$ of IBMQ?

I want to know the fidelity (or error rate) of the preparation of $|0\rangle$. How can I obtain it?
Yongsoo's user avatar
  • 31
2 votes
0 answers
102 views

What is the best method for estimating average channel fidelity?

This thesis shows an efficient way to estimate average channel fidelity (in chapter 4). However, it is somewhat old (from 2005). Are there any better methods out there? By better I mean: are there ...
Quantum Guy 123's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
90 views

An intuitive definition of "One-way LOCC distance"

I am reading up on this paper which covers many aspects about fidelity, separability, and came across the "One way LOCC-distance" in section 2.4. Below is an excerpt: I am having trouble ...
Loic Stoic's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
610 views

How do I compute the fidelity on the IBM Q using qiskit without the statevector simulator?

I want to compare the fidelity of a circuit implemented on IBMQ Santiago with the ideal circuit simulated using the statevector backend. Is there a way to do this? So far I have only seen examples ...
sycramore's user avatar
  • 325