Questions tagged [fidelity]

In quantum information theory, fidelity is a measure of the "closeness" of two quantum states. It expresses the probability that one state will pass a test to identify as the other. The fidelity is not a metric on the space of density matrices, but it can be used to define the Bures metric on this space. (Wikipedia)

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Intuitive role of the polar decomposition in proof of Uhlmann's theorem for fidelity

I have read the Wikipedia article which relates the polar decomposition to a complex number being split into its modulus and phase but this analogy isn't very intuitive to me. In Nielsen and Chuang, ...
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How can I calculate the inner product of two quantum registers of different sizes?

I found an algorithm that can compute the distance of two quantum states. It is based on a subroutine known as swap test (a fidelity estimator or inner product of two state, btw I don't understand ...
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Can we combine the square roots inside the definition of the fidelity?

The (Uhlmann-Jozsa) fidelity of quantum states $\rho$ and $\sigma$ is defined to be $$F(\rho, \sigma) := \left(\mathrm{tr} \left[\sqrt{\sqrt{\rho} \sigma \sqrt{\rho}} \right]\right)^2.$$ However, as ...
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How can I find the fidelity of the preparation operation $|0\rangle$ of IBMQ?

I want to know the fidelity (or error rate) of the preparation of $|0\rangle$. How can I obtain it?
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Simulate a quantum channel with a certain fidelity

I am looking for an easy-to-use framework for simulating a quantum channel that can accept the desired average fidelity of the channel as input. For example, if I want a channel with 98% average ...
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How to calculate the average fidelity of an amplitude damping channel

An answer to this question shows how to calculate the average fidelity of a depolarizing channel. How would one go about calculating this for an amplitude dampening channel? I tried working out the ...
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Prove the fidelity can be written in terms of Pauli expectation values as ${\rm tr}(\rho\sigma)=\sum_k \chi_\rho(k)\chi_\sigma(\rho)$

I am reading through "Direct Fidelity Estimation from Few Pauli Measurements" and it states that the measure of fidelity between a desired pure state $\rho$ and an arbitrary state $\sigma$ ...
Proving the inequality $|\mathrm{tr}(AU)|\le \mathrm{tr}|A|$ in Uhlmann's theorem
In Nielsen and Chuang, in the Fidelity section, (Lemma 9.5, page 410 in the 2002 edition), they prove the following. $$\mathrm{tr}(AU) = |\mathrm{tr}(|A|VU)| = |\mathrm{tr}(|A|^{1/2}|A|^{1/2}VU)|$$ ...