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Questions tagged [entropy]

For questions about the various kinds of entropies --- as defined in the context of quantum information theory and quantum statistical mechanics.

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Classical vs. quantum channel capacities

The classical channel capacity ($C_{ea}$) and the quantum channel capacity ($Q$) as defined here (eqs. 1 and 2) are given by \begin{equation} C_{ea} = \text{sup}_{\rho} \Big[S(\rho) + S(\Phi_t \rho) -...
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Computing von Neumann entropy of pure state in density matrix

Let's say I have a pure state of the form: $$\psi = \sqrt{\frac{3}{9}} \lvert 0 \rangle + \sqrt{\frac{6}{9}} \lvert 1 \rangle$$ Then the density matrix representation would be: $$\rho = \psi \otimes \...
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What do entanglement cost and distillable entanglement have to do with measuring entanglement?

So far what I have learned is that von-Neumann entropy is a tool to measure or quantify information and therefore entanglement for a given pure state system. However, similar concepts emerge from the ...
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Where does the Xmon simulator from Googles cirq framework its entropy from?

Measurements create entropy as we all know. But computers themselves are deterministic machines. Most devices use processor heat as a source for random number generation as far as I know - which has ...
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Building Intuition for Relative Von Neumann Entropy

This is how I think about classical relative entropy: There is a variable that has distribution P, that is outcome $i$ has probability $p_i$ of occuring, but someone mistakes it to be of a ...
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Convexity and Conditional Von Neumann Entropy

I have read somewhere/ heard that the set of all states that have non-negative conditional Von Neumann entropy forms a convex set. Is this true? Is there a proof for it? Can anything be said about ...
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Shannon entropy is least when Measurement basis = Mixture basis

For a one qubit system, take a basis. Call this the mixture basis. Consider only basis states and classical mixtures of these basis states. Definition of Shannon Entropy used here: Defined with ...
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Total mutual information of a quantum system

In the discussions about quantum correlations, particularly beyond entanglement (discord, dissonance e.t.c), one can often meet two definitions of mutual information of a quantum system $\rho^{AB}$: ...
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Semidefinite program for conditional min-entropy

I am trying to formulate the calculation of conditional min-entropy as a semidefinite program. However, so far I have not been able to do so. Different sources formulate it differently. For example, ...
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Maximally mixed states for more than 1 qubit

For 1 qubit, the maximally mixed state is $\frac{\mathrm{I}}{2}$. So, for two qubits, I assume the maximally mixed state is the maximally mixed state is $\frac{\mathrm{I}}{4}$? Which is: $\frac{1}{...
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Relating min-entropy with conditional entropy

Suppose we have a classical quantum state $\sum_x |x\rangle \langle x|\otimes \rho_x$, one can define the smooth-min entropy $H_\min(A|B)_\rho$ as the best probability of guessing outcome $x$ given $\...
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Proof of an Holevo information inequality

Suppose I have a classical-classical-quantum channel $W : \mathcal{X}\times\mathcal{Y} \rightarrow \mathcal{D}(\mathcal{H})$, where $\mathcal{X},\mathcal{Y}$ are finite sets and $\mathcal{D}(\mathcal{...
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Accessible information of system vs system, apparatus and environment

Suppose we have a quantum system $Q$ with an initial state $\rho^{(Q)}$. The measurement process will involve two additional quantum systems: an apparatus system $A$ and an environment system $E$. We ...