Questions tagged [eigenvalue]

Eigenvalues are numbers associated with a linear operator from a vector space 𝑉 to itself: 𝜆 is an eigenvalue of 𝑇:𝑉→𝑉 if the map 𝑥↦𝜆𝑥−𝑇𝑥 is not injective.

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2
votes
0answers
49 views

Weak Schur sampling and state distinguishability

Consider the task of distinguishing between the following two $n$ qubit quantum states. $$ \rho = \frac{\mathbb{I}}{2^{n}}.$$ $$ \sigma = \frac{1}{2^{n/2}}\sum_{x \in \{0, 1\}^{n/2}} |x\rangle\langle ...
3
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1answer
97 views

Why are all the eigenvalues of a "Hermitian block-encoding" equal to $\pm1$?

I was looking at the paper : https://arxiv.org/abs/2002.11649 and the eigenvalue discussion is not clear to me. Block-encoding is a general technique to encode a nonunitary matrix on a quantum ...
6
votes
3answers
303 views

Interpretation of the unitaries involved in the eigenvalue decomposition of a density operator

If $\rho=\sum_{i}p_{i}|\psi_{i}\rangle\langle \psi_{i}|$, this ensemble doesn't require $\langle \psi_{i}|\psi_{j}\rangle$=0. Given that $\rho$ is positive semi-definite, by the spectral theorem it ...
1
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1answer
53 views

What are the eigenvectors of the superoperator $[H,\cdot]$ with $H$ the Hamiltonian?

Let $\{A_\alpha\}$ be a set of hermitian operators and $\{\Pi(\varepsilon)\}$ a set of projectors on the (finite-dimensional) $\varepsilon$ subspace. Define $$A_\alpha(\Delta\varepsilon)=\sum_{\...
-1
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1answer
71 views

How do I calculate the eigenvalues of the positive partial transpose of this two-qubit state?

How can I calculate the eigenvalues of $\rho^{T_{B}}$ (PPT) of the following state $$ \rho =\frac{1}{2}|0\rangle\langle0|\otimes|+\rangle\langle+|+\frac{1}{2}|+\rangle\langle+|\otimes|1\rangle\langle1|...
3
votes
1answer
203 views

In the quantum phase estimation algorithm, why can't we directly compute the eigenvalue from the known eigenvector?

The Quantum Phase Estimation algorithm wants to approximate the phase $\varphi$ of an eigenvalue $\lambda = e^{2\pi i \varphi}$ of a unitary operator $U$. Besides $U$ an eigenvector $x$ corresponding ...
3
votes
1answer
272 views

Using Qiskit VQE for solving an eigenvalue problem

I am a new user of Qiskit and I believe there is a simple answer to my question but I have had a very hard time finding a straightforward answer. I am trying to transform a given $3 \times 3$ (...
5
votes
2answers
144 views

How are the eigenvalues of $\rho=\frac12(|a\rangle\!\langle a| +|b\rangle\!\langle b|)$ derived?

Let's say I have a density matrix of the following form: $$ \rho := \frac{1}{2} (|a \rangle \langle a| + |b \rangle \langle b|), $$ where $|a\rangle$ and $|b\rangle$ are quantum states. I saw that ...