Questions tagged [density-matrix]

For questions about density matrices and related concepts and ideas, e.g. procedures for computing properties of quantum states from their density matrices.

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Does the 4x4 matrix $|1\rangle\!\langle1|+|4\rangle\!\langle4|$ have a decomposition?

Can the diagonal matrix $$\begin{pmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0& 0 \\0&0&0&0 \\ 0&0&0&1 \end{pmatrix}$$ be written as a tensor product $A\otimes B$...
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Given a three-qubit state, how do you obtain the density matrix for the third qubit

I have a quantum simulator that yields a three-qubit final state. However, I need to measure the first two qubits and apply a one-qubit gate (x,y or z) to the third qubit. How do you reduce a three-...
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How to compute the unitary from the $\chi$ matrix obtained from QPT

I am trying to do quantum process tomography for one qubit and obtain the unitary for the gates that are applied on the qubit. I have studied the theory on process tomography from mike and ike and the ...
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Simulating a quantum circuit with decoherence and noise

Based on the answers given here and here, it is pretty clear that an arbitrary quantum circuit can be simulated with matrix algebra. The difficulty is that this assume perfect fidelity. I am unsure ...
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Closest quantum state with a fixed marginal: Analytical solution?

Let $\rho_{AB}$ be a bipartite state and let $\sigma_{B}$ be another state. What state $\tilde{\rho}_{AB}$ is closest to $\rho_{AB}$ and satisfies $\tilde{\rho}_B = \sigma_B$? We can define closeness ...
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QuTiP VS RK45: Which one gives the correct results for time-dependent systems?

I am writing a code for a quantum thermal machine which includes both coherent and dissipative time evolutions in its different stages of operation. However, evolving the system with "mesolve&...
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Schmidt vectors for random quantum states

Consider a random quantum circuit $U$ over $n$ qubits, drawn from the Haar measure. Consider the quantum state $$|\psi\rangle = U |0^{n}\rangle.$$ Now, partition $n$ into two and consider the Schmidt ...
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Show that the trace of squared density matrix gives ${\rm tr}(\rho^2)=\frac12(1+\|\mathbf n\|^2)$ [duplicate]

Equation 7.7 is given below: $$\hat\rho = \frac12(I +n_x(\hat X)+n_y(\hat Y)+n_z(\hat Z))$$ Where $I$ is the identity matrix and $\hat X,\hat Y,\hat Z$ are Pauli matrices. Now my attempt of this was ...
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Is it possible to find a 2x2 Hermitian matrix whose eigenvalues have 1:2 ratio? [closed]

Is it possible to find 2x2 Hermitian matrix whose eigenvalues have 1:2 ratio and if it is how is it done?
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Reduced density matrix of a Haar random state and its Schmidt decomposition

Consider a Haar random quantum state $|\psi\rangle$. Note that $$\rho =\mathbb{E}[|\psi\rangle\langle \psi|] = \frac{\mathbb{I}_{n}}{2^{n}}.$$ $\mathbb{I}_n$ is the identity operator on $n$ qubits. ...
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Finding Wigner function of four maximal entangled Bell state

How can we find a Wigner function for the four maximally entangled Bell states $(|00\rangle \pm |11\rangle)/\sqrt{2}$, $(|01\rangle \pm |10\rangle)/\sqrt{2}$? I have used the basis where labels for ...
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Tripartite quantum marginal problem

Consider a tripartite quantum system with the three subsystems labeled $A, B,$ and $C$. Now take two states $\rho_{AB}$ on the joint system $AB$ and $\rho_{BC}$ on the joint system $BC$. Under what ...
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Random quantum states and Schur-Weyl duality

Consider the following density matrix over $n$ qubits, with $C$ being a single qubit operator: $$\rho_{n} = \int_{C \sim \text{Haar}} \big(C|0\rangle\langle0|C^\dagger\big)^{\otimes n} dC.$$ Let's ...
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Special properties of a channel whose Kraus decomposition contains Identity

I would like to know if there are any special properties of channels that permit a Kraus representation that includes an identity? That is, if I am given a Kraus representation of a CPTP map $\Phi$ ...
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SWAP test and density matrix distinguishability

Let us either be given the density matrix \begin{equation} |\psi\rangle\langle \psi| \otimes |\psi\rangle\langle \psi| , \end{equation} for an $n$ qubit pure state $|\psi \rangle$ or the maximally ...
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how to know the appropriate time to know the SWAP gate operation in dipole interaction

Consider dipole-dipole interaction between two qubits,$H_{int} = g \boldsymbol\sigma_{1}\cdot\boldsymbol\sigma_{2}=g(X_1X_2+Y_1Y_2+Z_1Z_2)$. How can I show that by turning on this interaction for an ...
219 views

Proof for Cardinality of the Clifford Group

In this article: (http://home.lu.lv/~sd20008/papers/essays/Clifford%20group%20[paper].pdf) a proof is given for the cardinality of the Clifford group. I understand all the parts of it except for how ...
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How is a classical bipartite state written in quantum notation?

As in the title, is a classical bipartite state on $AA'$ given by $$\sum_{ij} p_{ij} \vert i\rangle\langle i\vert_A \otimes \vert j\rangle\langle j\vert_{A'}$$ with $\sum_{ij}p_{ij} = 1$. In ...
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Increasing entropy for projective LCPT mapping

Given a set of projectors $\{P_i\}$ acting on a space $\mathcal H_S$, let $\Phi$ be the LCPT map defined by $$\Phi(\rho)=\sum_i P_i\rho P_i.$$ The goal is to show that $S(\Phi(\rho))\ge S(\rho)$. The ...
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If Alice and Bob share the state: $$\left| {{\psi _{AB}}} \right\rangle = \sin \theta \left| {10} \right\rangle + \cos \theta \left| {01} \right\rangle$$ then $\rho_{AB}$ can be obtained as: $${\... 1answer 165 views Is there an algorithm that can decide if a state is a mixed state or a pure state? Given we are using the computational basis,is there a quantum algorithm that can decide if an arbitrary input state \vert A\rangle ( using N qubits) is a pure state or a mixed state? \vert A\... 2answers 364 views What are the conditions ensuring a two-qubit density matrix is positive semidefinite? I've seen some papers writing$$\rho=\frac{1}{4}\left(\mathbb{I} \otimes \mathbb{I}+\sum_{k=1}^{3} a_{k} \sigma_{k} \otimes \mathbb{I}+\sum_{l=1}^{3} b_{l} \mathbb{I} \otimes \sigma_{l}+\sum_{k, l=1}^{...
A separable state in $\mathcal{H}_{a}\otimes\mathcal{H}_{b}$ is given by $$\rho_{s}=\sum_{\alpha,\beta}p(\alpha,\beta)|\alpha\rangle\!\langle\alpha|\otimes|\beta\rangle\!\langle\beta|.$$ Now, my ...