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# Questions tagged [density-matrix]

For questions about density matrices and related concepts and ideas, e.g. procedures for computing properties of quantum states from their density matrices.

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### Better optimization of bounds on sums of Pauli strings?

I'm trying to bound a quantity $||\sum_i \alpha_i P_i ||$ where the $P_i$ are arbitrary Pauli strings, $||.||$ is the operator norm (max eigenvalue) and $\alpha_i$ are arbitrary real coefficients. If ...
1 vote
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### State tomography in Qiskit on a subset of qubits of real QPU

Could anyone please explain how should I carry out a state tomography on a real device in Qiskit (version 0.43.2)? I have access to devices with 127 qubits, but I want to perform a simulation using ...
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### Density Matrix for a Quantum Circuit with Clifford Gates and a $T$ Gate in Qiskit

I am trying to analyze the impact of a single $T$ gate within a quantum circuit that primarily consists of Clifford gates. My goal is to understand the $T$ gate's role in $T$-design and Anti-...
39 views

### Depolarizing channel on GHZ-state

Consider a GHZ-state $|\psi\rangle =\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}(|0\rangle^{n}+|1\rangle^n)$, and consider a depolarizing channel that maps a density matrix $$\rho\to(1-\lambda)\rho + \frac{\lambda}{2^d}I.$$ ...
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### Existence of a two-outcome measurement $M$ such that the induced distributions differs between different density matrices

Let $\rho \neq \sigma$ be density matrices. I want to show that there exists a two-outcome measurement $M$ such that the induced distributions $M(\rho)$ and $M(\sigma)$ differ. From what I learned, ...
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### Can a CPTP map increase the purity of a state?

I am wondering if there exist CPTP maps $T$ such that the purity of a quantum state $\rho$ can increase, i.e. $$\text{tr} ( T ( \rho )^2 ) \geq \text{tr} ( \rho ^2).$$ If so, what are the conditions ...
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### Is it possible to derive a Schmidt decomposition for a mixed state?

It is relatively simple to derive the Schmidt decomposition of a pure state $|{\psi}\rangle \in H_A \otimes H_B$ with the SVD decomposition theorem. There are plenty of examples (lecture notes, books, ...
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### confusion on the LCU method regarding the normalization

Let $A = \sum_{k} a_k U_k$ where $a_k$ are real, positive coefficients $U_k$ are unitary matrices. I have realized that $\sigma = A \rho A$ can be implemented on a quantum computer by using the LCU ...
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Suppose the density matrix $\rho$ with eigenvalues $k_{i}$. Now consider the density matrix $\rho$ in a thermal equilibrium with temperature $T$. Let's show the density matrix with $\rho(T)$ in this ...
We are given a generic 2-qubit density matrix $$\rho=\frac{1}{4}\left[I_4+\Sigma_i a_i \sigma_i \otimes I_2 + \Sigma_i b_i I_2 \otimes \sigma_i + \Sigma_{i,j} c_{ij} \sigma_i \otimes \sigma_j\right]$$ ...