Questions tagged [decoherence]

Quantum decoherence is the loss of quantum coherence. As long as there exists a definite phase relation between different states, the system is said to be coherent. This coherence is a fundamental property of quantum mechanics and is necessary for the functioning of quantum computers. (Wikipedia)

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Is it correct to say that when a qubit in state $|\psi\rangle$ loses its coherence it collapses to $|0\rangle$ or $|1\rangle$? [closed]

I have few questions about decoherence mechanism. I read that there are different types of decoherence, phase or "bit flip", it is the second one that I will speak about here. Is it correct ...
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Implementing Partial Trace in IBMs quantum computer

I am trying to implement the partial trace operation on IBMs quantum computer. I am simulating the depolarising channel with the following code ...
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Need mathematical Calculation of input(T1,T2,f) and output(Readout Error)

I would like to know about the mathematical relations among T1, T2, frequency, readout error, and single-qubit error? This screenshot is from the ibmq-16 Melbourne excel data file.
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Finding the irreducible representation of Kraus operators of a dephasing channel

I would like to understand an example of finding a noiseless subsystem of a quantum channel from the irreducible representation of its Kraus operators. Assume we have $2$ dephasing channels acting on ...
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What determines the topology/connectedness of quantum computers?

Some quantum computers hold their qubits in a 2D array. I've even seen a 1D topology I think. On IBM Q, you can see which qubits talk to which qubit. I would like to know what determines/limits the ...
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Mixed state vs superposition , experiment test

To distinguish between a coherent and de-cohered stage of the same system what experiments can provide the answer? The term Experiment is used here in the Bohr-Einstein-debate sense, a realizable ...
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Do photons also suffer from decoherence?

In this Question Why do optical quantum computers not have to be kept near absolute zero while superconducting quantum computers do? A comment said that the most common way to encode q information in ...
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Readout error in IBM quantum experience processor

Is there a section on the IBM website that shows information about the readout error for the devices of quantum experience? I have only seen the errors for single-qubit (U2) and CNOT gates but nothing ...
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IBM Q calibration parameters

If I download calibration of a quantum processor on IBM Q website I see these parameters: T1 T2 frequency (GHz) readout error single qubit U2 error rate CNOT error rate T1 and T2 are relaxation and ...
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How long can a qubit exist without decoherence?

In 2020, practically speaking, how long (time-wise) will a qubit function normally before decoherence kicks in?
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What's the difference between T1 and T2?

I learned that T1 is relaxation time (time from $|1\rangle$ to $|0\rangle$) and T2 is coherence time. The relaxation is a specific case of decoherence. What's the difference between them and what's ...
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Rigorous definition of phenomenological master equation for decoherence

I need to have a resource in which phenomenological decoherence model are well defined and explained. Indeed, from what I read there are three usual timescales considered to model decoherence of a ...
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IBM quantum computers gate delay values

I am doing an state of the art study about the existing quantum computer technologies and one of the parameters of interest is the gate delay value, as it determines the time expected from a gate from ...
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Measuring T1 and T2 constants on IBM Q

We have been asked to measure relaxation and dephasing times T1 and T2 on the IBM Q using the composer only, Qiskit not allowed. I am a bit confused about the way to do so. Can someone explain the ...
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Dephasing in graph states

In a recent paper Graph States as a Resource for Quantum Metrology. In the Appendix it states: We model an $n$ qubit graph state $G$ undergoing iid dephasing via $$G \to G^{\text{dephasing}} = \...
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What is the difference between relaxation, dephasing, and decoherence?

Many sources seem to loosely use the terms "relaxation", "dephasing", and "decoherence" interchangeably, while others seem to treat certain of them as special cases of another terms, but I can't find ...
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General Master Equation with Decoherence Query

The following general master equation (from this paper 'Dynamical quantum correlations of Ising models on arbitrary lattice and their resilience to decoherence') describes the various types of ...
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Measuring Coherence Length for T1 and T2 values with IBMQ Experience

So I'm currently working on a little program to measure how long the coherence time of a qubit is. Basically the idea is to initialise a qubit with a X or H gate then stick in a varying amount of ...
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Can decoherence account for suppression of interference in all basis?

(I am importing this question that I asked in Physics stack exchange) Let the system formed by particle(microscopic or macroscopic)- environment coupling be described by $|ϕ\rangle\langleϕ|$ . In ...
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Quantum state where phase information is unknown

I'm trying to obtain a more intuitive understanding of the notion of quantum coherence and how to mathematically represent it. I know that coherence has to do with the interaction of phases between ...
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How is the decoherence rate connected to the error rate?

I'm reading about the threshold theorem, which states that "a quantum computer with a physical error rate below a certain threshold can, through the application of quantum error correction schemes, ...
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Is the theory of decoherence general or specific to the physical implementation?

I’m looking for the theoretical calculations of charge and transmon qubit decoherence specifically, but at a high level I'm wondering how decoherence is approached generally. I’ve seen explanations ...
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Graphing the decoherence of qubits being used to perform an algorithm

How would I be able to graph the decoherence of qubits being used to perform an algorithm? I'm working with the IBMQ Qiskit framework and I'm trying to write a program that allows me to find the ...
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Clarifying the relationship of the probabilities of depolarizing channel and relaxation/dephasing times

I am reading the paper Duality of Quantum and Classical Error Correction Codes: Design Principles & Examples and at the beginning of it, the authors describe how the general Pauli channel is ...
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What noise channel that is not coming from the control can lead to XY qubit rotations?

In a semiclassical treatment, the noise Hamiltonian of a quantum system can be treated as a summation over its noise channels in the following way: $$\hat{H}_{\text{noise}}=\sum_{k}\beta_{k}\left(t\...
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Decoherence in quantum systems always produces $\vert0\rangle$

I was recently asked two questions concerning error in quantum computing: Is it possible for quantum computers to exhibit behavior similar to flip errors in classical computers where a state $\vert0\...
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Measurement of a qubit and storage of the information on a bit

Suppose we have the quantum circuit below with a quantum register of 2 qubits and a classical register of 2 bits. The Hadamard gates and CNOT gate are not important for the question. When we measure a ...
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Does self-induced collapse limit the size of a quantum computer?

This question is related to this question, but I'm specifically interested in self-induced collapse. Suppose that the size of a quantum system alone somehow leads to a projection of the state (a "...
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How to write a post-measurement state, if we don't know the measurement result?

Once a state is measured, but we don't look at the result, is the state now written as a density matrix, that is, the probability that it could land on a measurement operator multiplied by the ...
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Is there a classical limit to quantum computing?

Why are quantum computers scalable? With the subjects of spontaneous collapse models and decoherence in mind, it seems to me that the scalability of quantum computers is something which is not only ...
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State of the art gate speeds and decoherence times

I am interested in the state of the art gate speeds and decoherence times for the qubit types I know are being pursued by companies presently: superconducting qubits, ion trap qubits, photonic qubits....
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Quantum Belief Propagation decoding

I have been reading about a family of quantum error correction codes called Quantum Turbo Codes, which are the quantum analog of the well-known classical Turbo codes. This codes were introduced in ...
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What is the difference between $\vert 0 \rangle + \vert 1 \rangle$ and $\vert 0 \rangle \langle 0 \vert + \vert 1 \rangle \langle 1 \vert$?

In a discussion with Jay Gambetta on the QISKit Slack channel, Jay told me that "T2 is the time that $\vert 0 \rangle + \vert 1 \rangle$ goes to $\vert 0 \rangle \langle 0 \vert + \vert 1 \rangle \...
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Does the quantum coherence in the FMO complex have any significance to quantum computing (on a biological substrate)?

The quantum effects of the FMO complex (photosynthetic light harvesting complex found in green sulfur bacteria) have been well studied as well as the quantum effects in other photosynthetic systems. ...
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What's the Difference between T2 and T2*?

$T_2$ generally refers to the measurement of the coherence of the qubit with respect to its dephasing (that's a rotation through the $|0\rangle$ - $|1\rangle$ axis of the Bloch sphere for those of us ...
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Only assuming the universe evolves according to a positive trace-preserving map, is there a proof that all subsystem evolution must be CPTP?

If we only assume that the wavefunction of the universe evolves according to $e^{-iHt}$, is there any proof that all subsystems of the universe (partial traces over parts of the universe) must evolve ...
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Passive improving of nanodiamond surfaces for NV centers?

Nitrogen-Vacancy centers (NVs) have astonishing quantum properties, which make them interesting as potential hardware both for quantum computing in particular and for quantum technologies in general. ...
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Quantum simulation of environment-assisted quantum walks in photosynthetic energy transfer

This question is related to Can the theory of quantum computation assist in the miniaturization of transistors? and Is Quantum Biocomputing ahead of us? About 10 years ago, several papers discussed ...
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What is the maximum separation between two entangled qubits that has been achieved experimentally?

Considering two entangled flying qubits, as far as I know, there is no physical limit for separating them without losing quantum information. See: Is there any theoretical limit to the distance at ...
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Decoherence of spin-entangled triplet-pair states in the solid state: local vs delocalized vibrations

The context: We are in the solid state. After a photon absortion by a system with a singlet ground state, the system undergoes the spin-conserving fission of one spin singlet exciton into two spin ...
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Can one interrogate black boxes for quantum coherence?

This question is based on a scenario that is partly hypothetical and partly based on the experimental features of molecule-based quantum devices, which often present a quantum evolution and have some ...
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How to store qubits while preserving Heisenberg's uncertainty principle?

I know that qubits are represented by quantum particles (for example photons) and that their state is given by one property (for example spin). My question is about the quantum memory: how are the ...
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Are qutrits more robust to decoherence?

A string of $n$ qutrits has a state-space spanned by the $3^n$ different states $\lvert x \rangle $ for strings $x \in \{0,1,2\}^n$ (or $x \in \{-1,0,+1\}^n$, equivalently), while $n $ qubits can ...
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How can quantum decoherence be managed?

I've stumbled myself upon this article on Wikipedia, which says: Decoherence can be viewed as the loss of information from a system into the environment (often modeled as a heat bath), since every ...