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Questions tagged [d-wave]

A quantum computing company, based in Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada, mostly known for their quantum annealing computers. An early rendition of these, D-Wave One, was the first commercially available quantum computer. (Wikipedia)

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Solving KnapSack problem on D Wave hybrid CQM

I am solving 01 KnapSack problem for 500k items with the help of hybrid CQM solver of D Wave. And for comparison I solved same problem with CPLEX. Solution quality of CPLEX solver is better than D-...
Maths_hawk's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
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Multiplying two real variables in D Wave

I have two real variables from dimod: from dimod import Real A = Real("A") B = Real("B") However, when I try to multiply them ...
Dilshan Sonnadara's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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D-Wave hybrid solver

I am interested in using the D-Wave CQM hybrid solver for solving the job shop problem. I would like to get more information about the internal working of this solver but I have been unable to find ...
Mace's user avatar
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How to add expressions to a Binary Quadratic Model, similar to CQM?

In a constrained quadratic model, we are able to create expressions like this: ...
underdog987's user avatar
1 vote
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Who is currently working on coherent Ising machines (classical analog devices)?

Can you share some papers on that subject? Review papers would be highly appreciated. What are limitations in terms of connectivity between different spins?
sycramore's user avatar
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Comparing BQM and CQM solving for a tree-path problem

I'm currently working on a project for my thesis regarding BQM and CQM optimisation for a path problem. Without going too much on the details, here's some info: the structure is a tree, where all the ...
Amedeo Bertuzzi's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
111 views

Can D-Wave presently solve real-world problems that conventional computers cannot solve?

There are number of threads on this site about the ability of QCs solving real-world problems (see for example What are the practical applications of quantum computing in engineering by the year 2030?,...
Max's user avatar
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1 answer
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QPU vs. Solvers

I am trying to understand the roles of the QPU and the solvers in a quantum device, specifically I am reading for this purpose the documentation of D-Wave. While it is clear to me that the QPU of a ...
Laura's user avatar
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Does the D-Wave hardware show any advantage for academic use-cases, for example in condensed matter physics?

The D-Wave team put out a few papers (like this one and this one) in the last few years describing how their methods can find ground states of certain spin-glass Hamiltonians faster than classical ...
sheesymcdeezy's user avatar
19 votes
2 answers
3k views

Did D-Wave show quantum advantage in 2023?

I would like to know your thoughts on whether or not D-Wave has shown a a smoking-gun example of quantum advantage this year. I am genuinely not quite sure what to think, but I believe the answer to ...
sheesymcdeezy's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
71 views

Python code for D-Wave Annealer

In the below screenshot, I am aware of resolving the issue by reducing num_reads as the annealing time is exceeding my allowance. Although it works, my question ...
Sup's user avatar
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Is there any another method for adjusting transverse field? (D'wave)

By using QUBO formula, I can't take in Transverse field equation I was tried using of annealing schedule but it was failed . Is there any another method for adjusting transverse field? (I want to get ...
Cha's user avatar
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How to use D-Wave decomposers?

I'm currently trying to work on a minimization problem using D-Wave hybrid and quantum machines. The problem is, shortly, an energy optimization for a network of switches and servers, linked as a ...
Amedeo Bertuzzi's user avatar
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0 answers
66 views

How can I exactly solve a Quadratic Model with integer variables using DWave Ocean classical solvers?

As an example, let's consider the following simple QuadraticModel problem with just 3 INTEGER variables: ...
SimoneGasperini's user avatar
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1 answer
64 views

How to keep the initial Hamiltonian in D Wave

So the D wave machine claims to start in an eigenstate of the Pauli X term in the transverse Ising model Hamiltonian, $$ -\frac{A(s)}{2}\sum_{i} \sigma^{x}_{i} $$ and then $A(s)$ is turned off slowly ...
kηives's user avatar
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Is there any quantum annealer simulator offered by DWave?

I am searching for quantum annealer simulator offered by DWave. I found classical solvers in dimod packages that implement simulated annealing, but I couldn’t find solver that simulates the real ...
SEB4N's user avatar
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2 answers
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D-Wave Cloud Service - Pricing for Academic Research Project

In D-wave's web portal, I found 3 different ways that one can gain access to more QPU/Hybrid Solver time. One of them is the academic research project. Does anyone here have experience of carrying out ...
Hjaleta's user avatar
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How to compare Quantum Annealing and Adiabatic Quantum Computing?

I'm still unsure on the difference between adiabatic quantum computing (AQC) and quantum annealing (QA). Please critique these interpretations: AQC: Define a Hamiltonian with an easy-to-prepare ...
Ken Robbins's user avatar
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Absolute value of a BQM: how to substitute it with constraint?

I need to build an expression for the objective to be minimized which is based on the L1-norm. For doing this, I need to take the absolute value of a BQM, which is not possible, at least at the moment ...
Roland's user avatar
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How to add constraints to a BQM?

BQM is unconstrained by definition. I need to submit a knapsack problem with two constraints (equality constraints + inequality constraints) to a quantum annealer (DWaveSampler). How would you set the ...
Roland's user avatar
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Why does method to_bqm not maintain variables order?

When converting to bqm with .compile().to_bqm(), the original order of the variables is not maintained. To reproduce: ...
Roland's user avatar
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7 votes
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What arguments point towards D-Wave devices being potentially useful?

I'm looking for any evidence pointing towards D-Wave's approach to quantum computation being promising to achieve any sort of computational advantage with respect to classical devices. Note that I'm ...
glS's user avatar
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How to declare non-binary decision variables in an optimization problem?

I am working on a logistics problem which require me to find the optimum quantity of product to be manufactured and also to be shipped to satisfy the customer demand. I have made a decision variable $...
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1 vote
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How can a QUBO matrix with many identical, non-zero off-diagonal terms be made sparse?

I am with a QUBO matrix where entire off-diagonal sections are with the same value, which is the same between sections. Consider the following example (much smaller than those I am actually working ...
T. Zaborniak's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
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Can D-Wave machines be applied to simulate Hamiltonians arising in quantum physics?

AFAIK D-Wave primarily advertises their machines as tools for solving problems with classical input, i.e. when the Hamiltonian to be minimized is a function of $Z$s. Can one use their machines in ...
mavzolej's user avatar
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Why is quantum annealing often associated with the Ising model?

Quantum annealing is often associated with Ising Model, in the sense that the problem Hamiltonian needs to be in the form of an Ising Hamiltonian. Is this because the physical description of the ...
usercs's user avatar
  • 471
3 votes
1 answer
189 views

Is there any rigorous proof that Quantum Annealing provides a quantum advantage?

Is there any rigorous proof that Quantum Annealing (QA) is of any benefit (e.g. in terms of time to optimal solution, convergence rate, etc.) for a specific problem? Or any empirical evidence for the ...
Nepomuk Hirsch's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
3k views

How are IBM's 127 qubits more potent than the 5760 qubits D-Wave - Advantage_system6.1?

Hi I'm a newbie in quantum computing recently I had a look at the AWS braket and I've seen they had a machine called D-Wave - Advantage_system6.1 that has 5760 qubits but when I googled the highest ...
Zakaria Halloumi's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
336 views

Convert Hamiltonian to Ising Formulation or QUBO

I have a tridiagonal Hamiltonian matrix that I need to convert to QUBO or Ising format to use D-Wave's quantum annealing solvers. For a generic tridiagonal: \begin{pmatrix} a_1 & b_1 \\ c_1 & ...
MYang's user avatar
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4 votes
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81 views

Why do Quantum Annealer have (currently) a higher scaling potential?

One may categorize quantum computers in two classes: Quantum Annealer and (universal) Gate Quantum Computers. There may be also other categories. IBM announced 127 Qubits for their next Gate Quantum ...
choc1709's user avatar
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364 views

Penalty formulation regarding inequalitties

During the formulation of a QUBO matrix I have a question regarding penalty formulation. Once I'm done with QUBO formulation such as $x_{i}Ax_{j}$ where A is the QUBO matrix, $x_{i}$ and $x_{j}$ are ...
Kai-Chun Lin's user avatar
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0 answers
125 views

Qubit fidelity of DWAVE device

Since DWAVE quantum device is constructed using superconducting flux qubits, each qubit cannot be produced identically so that the fidelity of the qubit must be different. DWAVE only provides the ...
peachnuts's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
109 views

Is D-Wave advantage a noisier hardware compared to the older D-Wave 2000?

Is D-Wave Advantage noisier hardware compared to the older D-Wave 2000? There is any measure of the noise within the vendor's whitepapers, the quantum annealer analogue of e.g. decoherence time, ...
incud's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
244 views

Can D-Wave machines solve QUBO problems more efficiently than gate model devices?

I'm new to quantum annealing and D-Wave computer. I saw that it has about 5000 qubits which can solve a QUBO problem with 5000 variables. From my understanding, if we use a gate model device, say, an ...
peachnuts's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
211 views

How do we calculate the offset in a QUBO formulation?

I am aware that for a quadratic optimization problem, we are required to minimize $y$ where $y = x^t Q x$ where $x$ is a column vector of binary variables and $Q$ is a QUBO matrix. I have the ...
evil_potato's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
197 views

What is the role of Josephson junctions and biases in the D-Wave qubit structure?

On the D-Wave 2000Q there are up to 2048 qubits and 5600 coupler. A commonly used picture of one of such qubits is attached below. Each qubit is realized by a loop of niobium controlled by Josephson ...
Felix's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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What should be the lowest energy of this graph isomorphism QUBO?

I am trying to study QUBO formulations of the graph isomorphism problem. I tried implementing the QUBO matrices given by the algorithms described in here. For the two input graphs therein, I am ...
evil_potato's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
102 views

Sampling from a given Boltzmann distribution using D-Wave systems

For a project I'm working on, I want to use D-Wave systems to estimate the probabilities of a Boltzmann distribution given a QUBO (Hamiltonian), this being performed through sampling and the use of ...
THP202173582084's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
258 views

From general Hamiltonian to Ising Hamiltonian

I would like to convert my qubit hamiltonian fom the HeH+ system that I have obtained using Qiskit to an Ising or QUBO model. I have seen multiples examples from QUBO to Qubit Hamiltonian but on the ...
bjail66's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
255 views

How is eigendecomposition of a Hamiltonian equivalent to finding the minimum of an energy function?

This question is in regards to Dwave's quantum computer which is tailored to solve QUBO problems using quantum annealing. QM tells us that the ground state of a quantum system is given by the ...
morpheus's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
182 views

The Adiabatic Theorem - How to derive Schrödinger equation in the "s" variable

I'm studying Adiabatic Quantum computing from the book "Adiabatic Quantum Computation and Quantum Annealing: Theory and Practice" by Catherine C. McGeoch at D-Wave. The section THE ...
Prksa's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
77 views

Output of D-Wave LeapHybrid solver takes long to evaluate

we made the strange observation that the evaluation of the output in form of the dimod.SampleSet takes a long time to evaluate especially in comparison to the actual sampling step. Here is a minimal ...
Simon's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
82 views

How to improve embedding process in D-Wave?

I am quite new to the quantum computing field. Currently, I am trying to solve a combinatorial optimization problem on a D-Wave system, which I successfully translated into QUBO form. I also managed ...
Giovanni Iacovelli's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
62 views

What do the numbers in the Ising sampleset mean?

I am trying to create a portfolio optimization with the DWave Quantum Computer. I wrote some code trying to somehow reconstruct the following Ising model paper: Ai ...
Liza Darwesh's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
57 views

What is the state-of-the-art annealing device for solving Ising problems?

I understand that in addition to D-Wave's quantum annealer, there have been other unconventional (although non-quantum) Ising solvers like the one from Toshiba, Fujitsu, the Coherent Ising machine, ...
Arun's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
119 views

How to decide bias in Hamiltonian Ising model?

I am trying to code finance portfolio optimisation problem into a quantum annealer, using the Hamiltonian Ising model. I am using the dwave module ...
Liza Darwesh's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
218 views

Why is it so important to have uniform chain lengths in a minor embedding?

Very brief background In quantum annealing, the discrete optimization problem we wish to solve (such as finding the minimum of $b_1b_2 - 3b_1 + 5b_3b_4$ for binary variables $b_i$) may have a ...
user1271772 No more free time's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
525 views

From Qiskit QuadraticProgram to problem model accepted by d'wave ocean

Is there a way to convert QuadraticProgram (qiskit.optimization.problems.QuadraticProgram) to BQM used in D'wave ocean (e.g. <...
Alexei Osinovsky's user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
983 views

What is the computational complexity of quantum annealing?

Quantum annealing can be thought of as a black box solver that can find approximate solutions to hard optimization problems. For example, D-Wave quantum annealers can approximately solve quadratic ...
Dr. Prasanna Date's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
593 views

Inequality constraints on D-Wave (using PyQUBO)

Inequalities cannot be directly converted into a QUBO form. By inequality, I mean something like this: 0⩽ Expression ⩽ N. We can introduce a slack variable and convert it to an equality problem: ⟹ ...
amp's user avatar
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