Questions tagged [applications]

For questions asking about applications of quantum computers to solve practical problems.

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How to convert a large CQM to a BQM [closed]

My constraints are defined in a generic format, i.e. as an arithmetic expression (something that is accepted by CQM). I am trying to convert this expression to a BQM that can be added as a penalty ...
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Absolute value of a BQM: how to substitute it with constraint?

I need to build an expression for the objective to be minimized which is based on the L1-norm. For doing this, I need to take the absolute value of a BQM, which is not possible, at least at the moment ...
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How to add constraints to a BQM?

BQM is unconstrained by definition. I need to submit a knapsack problem with two constraints (equality constraints + inequality constraints) to a quantum annealer (DWaveSampler). How would you set the ...
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How to convert equality/inequality constraint to a BQM?

I need to submit a BQM to DWaveSampler. Since my problem has both objective and constraints, my understanding is that I need to add the latter as bqm to a composite BQM, which is then sent to the ...
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Why does method to_bqm not maintain variables order?

When converting to bqm with .compile().to_bqm(), the original order of the variables is not maintained. To reproduce: ...
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If you had a 1000 qubit NISQ machine with arbitrary connectivity, what would you do?

Many current devices are constrained to nearest neighbor connectivity or small system sizes, but suppose that a NISQ machine with 99-99.5% level two-qubit gate fidelities and arbitrary connectivity ...
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Are there some review papers of quantum combinatorical optimization problem and their application?

I'd like to get recommendations for review paper summarized for combinatorical optimization algorithm and application. Are there any papers that have been organized recently?
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Applications of an efficient estimation of $\langle \psi | H | \psi \rangle$ for $H$ being the Heisenberg model, and $|\psi\rangle$ an arbitrary state

I consider that $H$ is an Hamiltonian acting on $n$ qubits. It is a sum containing $Poly(n)$ $n$-qubit Pauli operators $P_i^{(k)}$ for $i=1,2,3$, such that $P_i^{(k)}$ a tensor product of $\sigma_0=\...
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Applications that support low fidelity qubits generated by UQCM

I am studying Universal quantum cloning machines. I have found that two imperfect clones can be generated with fidelity of 83.33%. Where can we use these imperfect clones in quantum worlds? Can we use ...
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How long should I run Hamiltonian simulation to roll a six-sided dice?

Introduction and Motivation Aharanov has hinted, and perhaps Aaronson has also recently echoed, that there may be many quantum algorithms to be discovered if more computer scientists were familiar ...
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Could the Hamiltonian of a 2x2 Rubik's Cube be simulated with a NISQ device?

Consider the four cells on each of the six faces of the 2x2x2 Rubik's cube (the pocket cube). We can construct and simulate a quarter-turn Hamiltonian as below. $^*$ Let $\langle F_1,U_1,R_1\rangle$ ...
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Is molecule simulation by quantum computing critical for drug discovery?

It is often said that the molecule simulation for drug discovery will be one of the most important applications of Quantum Computing (QC). As we all know that the entire process of new drug discovery ...
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What are the getting-started-resources for quantum finance? [closed]

What are suitable books, websites or learning material you can advice to get started with quantum finance?
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Can we use quantum phase estimation to learn anything about the dynamics of puzzles like the Rubik's cube?

Introduction Consider a state $\vert\psi\rangle$ such as below, which is in a superposition of a difference between a Rubik's cube in a solved state and a Rubik's cube in the "superflip" ...
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Would quantum computers be more efficient at solving circular reference problems than classical computers?

A circular reference is when a certain value either refers to itself or a value refers to a value that refers to it. An example of a circular reference problem would be $x=f(x)$. One way to solve ...
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Is VQE or one of its variations enough to help with medicine development?

One of the reasons quantum computing is often hyped in media is because of how it'll help with vaccine and medicine development. For example, this article in Financial Express and this other in ...
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Quantum computer speedups for classically efficient applications

I'm interested in learning about cases where a quantum computer could be used to perform tasks with only a constant (albeit large) factor of improvement in execution speed over classical computers. ...
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Is it possible to design a Quantum Computing Advantage to deploy an application on the web?

I need to understand the frontier and practical applications of quantum computing. Is it possible to design a Quantum Computing Advantage to deploy an application on the web, such as a browser, ...
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Claimed "potential revenue" from machine learning in 2023?

In this plot: taken from here, IonQ is claiming to have a potential application in machine learning by 2023. What applications could they have in mind? From what I understand, modern error correction ...
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3 answers
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University Project - Quantum computing and it's social impact? [closed]

I was hoping to gain some insights on how I can convey to the public the ways in which Quantum Computing can have positive social impact? I'm going convey this information in an A4 sized infographic ...
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Loading a random distribution using controlled-Y rotations

In the paper by Stamatopoulos et al., the authors say that it is possible to load a distribution on a three qubit state to obtain: In Qiskit finance this is performed using the uncertainty model ...
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What are some current applications of Quantum Computing in drug discovery? Are there any test examples of this?

I am interested in applying the power of Quantum Computing to drug discovery. Although I realize that quantum computing is limited in regards to modeling drug-like compounds and their interactions ...
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What are known applications of quantum sampling?

I'm inspired by [1] which clearly lays out near term applications of quantum computing: optimization, simulation and sampling. They claim that quantum sampling is likely to be the first application ...
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How Mature is the Tensorflow Quantum Library [closed]

Where does The Tensorflow Quantum ( TFQ ) library fall on it's maturity curve. In other words can we currently leverage the TFQ ...
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What Are The Most Promising Real-World Applications For Quantum Machine Learning

I know this has been asked before in different ways, however, I am interested in something with a degree of clarity and focus not found in other questions. What I am looking to get is a list of the ...
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Is quantum computing apropriate for video encoding?

Hello and sorry if the question is too layman's here. I haven't found an answer when googling. I am a programmer with some video encoding background, so I know how much energy is "wasted" on encoding....
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What are the mathematical prerequisites to study machine learning on quantum computers?

Besides machine learning, quantum info theory, optimization, and statistics knowledge, what are the prerequisites to implement existing ML techniques and create new ML techniques that would work on a ...
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10 votes
3 answers
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Does the quantum Fourier transform have many applications beyond period finding?

(This is a somewhat soft question.) The quantum Fourier transform is formally quite similar to the fast Fourier transform, but exponentially faster. The QFT is famously at the core of Shor's ...
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Will there be quantum to digital converters in the same way we need digital to analog converters to communicate between the 2 mediums?

I know this forum is for more technical questions... As my interest is in music, I was thinking about the nature of analog and digital mediums. And I just thought, for some reason, we have 'Quantum ...
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What are some examples of applications of quantum information to other sciences?

I find looking at physical processes through the lens of quantum information science rather interesting. I know of a few applications of it: quantum computation; solid state (tensor network approach)...
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Can Quantum Voting Machine replace Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) in future?

Some countries like India are using standalone electronic voting machines (EVM) for elections. They are not interconnected, use no power cables (run on battery), no wireless cards and are secure ...
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Can we hope in the near future to have web apps running quantum algorithms in real-time?

Suppose in "near future" that we have quantum computers with thousands of qubits that can run Grover, HHL, and so on. Then, can we hope in the "near future" to have some web application that will run ...
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Applications of quantum computing for science popularization

I need to do some popularization of science for an event, and I would like to talk about the "best" applications of quantum computing. I know there is code-breaking (Shor algorithm), simulation of ...
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Would all quantum computing research be for naught if a powerful enough quantum computer is never built?

Let's say 1000 years from now powerful quantum computers are still a matter of fiction and no useful calculations can be carried out using them. Would this mean that the entire industry of quantum ...
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Can quantum computing contribute to the development of artificial intelligence?

I am interested how quantum computing can contribute to the development of artificial intelligence, I did some searching, but could not find much. Does somebody have an idea (or speculations)?
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Software for Quantum Computing

From what I read classical computing evolved so quickly because of the funding-applications cycle. Even though the cost to make denser IC's was increasing rapidly, the applications were also getting ...
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Number of Qubits Required for Simulation of Caffeine and Penicillin Molecules

I recently read this report from BCG, which stated: For scientists trying to design a compound that will attach itself to, and modify, a target disease pathway, the critical first step is to ...
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Will quantum computers be able to solve the game of chess?

Will it be possible to use quantum computing to one day solve the game of chess? If so, any estimate as to how many qubits it would require? The game of checkers has already been solved through back ...
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Consequences of Grover's algorithm

I want to look more closely at the consequences of the Grovers algorithm. As is well known, the algorithm provides a quadratic improvement compared to classical search algorithms. Specifically, I ...
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3 votes
0 answers
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How we can describe entanglement from measurement and resource perspectives?

When we read books on quantum computing and information theory, specifically in entanglement we find some distinguishability between those who focus on entanglement as a resource or use it as an ...
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Can quantum computing be profitable without quantum hardware?

What are the fields/business ideas that a new business can work on within quantum computing that can be profitable if this business has no access to onboard quantum setups but can access the cloud-...
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Are there any examples of anyone applying quantum algorithms to problems in computational biology?

As the title suggests, I'm searching for published examples of quantum algorithms being applied to problems in computational biology. Clearly the odds are high that practical examples don't exist (yet)...
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What is quantum computing vs. what is not quantum computing

That is to say, what are some common or popular misconceptions about what constitutes quantum computing? and how are those things misconceptions? It could help in explaining to frame this while ...
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What could be the possible future applications for HHL algorithm?

Note on the vocabulary: the word "hamiltonian" is used in this question to speak about hermitian matrices. The HHL algorithm seems to be an active subject of research in the field of quantum ...
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What use has quantum computing been?

Most of us on this site believe that quantum computing will work. However, let's play devil's advocate. Imagine that we suddenly hit some fundamental stumbling block that prevented further development ...
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Is quantum computing just pie in the sky?

I have a computer science degree. I work in IT, and have done so for many years. In that period "classical" computers have advanced by leaps and bounds. I now have a terabyte disk drive in my bedroom ...
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How could a global quantum network be realized?

This article from 2017 predicts the quantum internet by 2030. What are the biggest bottlenecks in the realization of a global quantum network (ie quantum internet)?
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What kind of real-world problems (excluding cryptography) can be solved efficiently by a quantum algorithm?

This question is very similar as Is there any general statement about what kinds of problems can be solved more efficiently using a quantum computer? But the answers provided to that questions mainly ...
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Are Genetic Programming runtimes faster on QCs than on classical computers?

If this isn't known, would they theoretically be? I'm particularly interested in knowing whether a QC would be faster at evaluating the fitness function of the possible solutions than a classical ...
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Does quantum computing have an essential advantage in analyzing/controlling chaotic systems?

The enthusiast-level, inaccurate knowledge about quantum computers is that they can solve many exponentially solvable problems in polynomial time. The enthusiast-level, inaccurate knowledge about ...
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