15 questions linked to/from How does bra-ket notation work?
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Magnitudes and phases of coefficients of a qubit [duplicate]

Quantum mechanics is based on the idea of waves, and waves have both a magnitude and a phase? $$|\psi\rangle = i\alpha|0\rangle + \beta|1\rangle.$$ Does $\alpha$ and $\beta$ represent magnitude and $i$...
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Outer Product Intution [duplicate]

Please, help me understand this statement. The outer product notation for matrices also gives an intuitive input-output relation for them. For instance, the matrix |0⟩ ⟨1| + |1⟩ ⟨0| can be read as &...
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Non-layperson explanation of why a qubit is more useful than a bit?

I have a computer science and mathematics degree and am trying to wrap my head around quantum computing and it just doesn't seem to make sense from the very beginning. I think the problem is the ...
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Measurement of a qubit and storage of the information on a bit

Suppose we have the quantum circuit below with a quantum register of 2 qubits and a classical register of 2 bits. The Hadamard gates and CNOT gate are not important for the question. When we measure a ...
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Why do $n$ inputs to a ket give a vector of dimension $(2^n,1)$?

NB - notation from Octave. I understand that ket() is the $(1,0)$ in a $(x,y)$ plane. But when I try a ket with three numbers I get a column vector of dimension $(8,1)$. I assume that comes ...
Where is the factor of $-i$ in rotation gates coming from?
As I understand it the Pauli-X, Y and Z gates are the same as their rotational gates with a rotation of $\pi$. But given the expression for those gates, I find that there is a factor of $-i$ in each ...