Observing the violation of Bell inequalities, be it in their original formulation, or in the nowadays more commonly used CHSH formulation, involves computing averages of specific experimentally measurable quantities. In the CHSH formulation, these are for example the averages of the products of the experimental outcomes.
Are there scenarios in which Bell nonlocality can be observed without such averages, that is, in a single-shot scenario? By this I mean a scenario in which a single measurement outcome (rather than a collection of outcomes used to compute averages, as is done in CHSH formulation) is enough to rule out a local hidden variable explanation.
I seem to recall having seen this kind of thing in some paper, possibly in a scheme involving three or more parties (or maybe it was with systems with three or more outcomes?). I can't, however, find the reference right now, so I'm not sure whether I'm remembering this correctly or not.