I realized that QASM supports custom gates. However, when I tried to create the gate, transpiling error appeared both on simulator and real quantum processor. I suspect that IBM has not implemented this functionality fully yet.

Does anybody (maybe from IBM) know when IBM will provide users with possibility to use custom gates?

  • $\begingroup$ What do you mean by "custom gates"? $\endgroup$ Dec 13 '19 at 14:30
  • $\begingroup$ @MatthewStypulkoski: you can create piece of code begining like this gate name (parameters) {}, put some part of a quantum algorithm inside the brackets and then call this gate in code. $\endgroup$ Dec 13 '19 at 14:42
  • $\begingroup$ You can already implement an arbitrary single-qubit gate using the U3 gate (qiskit.org/documentation/api/qiskit.extensions.U3Gate.html) $\endgroup$
    – Arthur-1
    Dec 13 '19 at 14:43
  • $\begingroup$ @Arthur-1: Custom gate allows you to create multiple qubits gates. Please see my reaction on Matthew comment above. $\endgroup$ Dec 13 '19 at 14:46
  • $\begingroup$ @MartinVesely so if I understand you correctly, something like the following example would be what you are looking for: a single, custom gate that contains multiple H gates. You would be able to put this custom gate into a new circuit, which would make it appear as only 1 gate, but would contain and run the encapsulated H gates? $\endgroup$ Dec 13 '19 at 15:10

This is possible by using Composite Gates in Qiskit. With composite gates, you can create a circuit of gates, turn that circuit into an Instruction, and attach it to a new circuit which will perform the gates that were within your old circuit. Here is an example:

from qiskit import QuantumCircuit

qc = QuantumCircuit(2, name='bell')
qc.cx(0, 1)
custom_gate = qc.to_instruction()

new_circ = QuantumCircuit(2)

# Append custom gate. The parameters are the Instruction you made, and the qubits you will use with it
new_circ.append(custom_gate, [0, 1])


This is the output
q_0: |0>┤0      ├
        │  bell │
q_1: |0>┤1      ├

The to_instruction() method from QuantumCircuit turns your circuit into an instruction which can then be appended to another circuit in the future. It appears as a single gate on the new circuit, which you can name to make it more organized. When the new circuit is executed, it will run this composite gate, which will make it run through the bell state code we set earlier.

For more information about composite gates, you can go to this tutorial and scroll down to the "Composite Gates" section

  • $\begingroup$ Thank you for comprehensive and useful answer. However, I am afraid that I was mainly asking about QASM and composer and when the functionality will be available. $\endgroup$ Dec 13 '19 at 22:33

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