I've just gotten started with Nielsen and Chuang's text, and I'm a little stuck. They mention that theoretically, it would be possible to store an infinite amount of information in the state of a single qubit. I'm not sure I completely comprehend this.
Here's how I rationalized it: You take all the information you want to store, put it in binary form, and make it the real component of $\alpha $ or $\beta$ (the coefficients of the computational basis states).
Now I'm not sure if I've understood it right, but since it's still fuzzy in my head it would be great to get some kind of ELI5 explanation or possibly a more detailed picture of how this would, even theoretically, be possible.
Apologies if the question doesn't meet standards. I'm new to the forum and would be open to feedback regarding asking questions or answering them.