Consider the simplified code below. The code creates a quantum circuit and a simplified noise model.

When I try to simulate this circuit using the noise model I get error message that the simulation fails.

I have noticed that I get this when I supply basis_gates to the NoiseModel function, and when I remove basis_gates from NoiseModel it works. But if I do that Qiskit is not simulating the actual circuit that I want but a transpiled version of the actual circuit that I want to simulate.

import numpy as np
from qiskit import execute, QuantumCircuit, QuantumRegister, ClassicalRegister
from qiskit.providers.aer import QasmSimulator
from qiskit.tools.visualization import plot_histogram

# Qiskit Aer noise module imports
from qiskit.providers.aer.noise import NoiseModel
from qiskit.providers.aer.noise.errors import pauli_error

# System Specification
n_qubits = 2
circ = QuantumCircuit(n_qubits, n_qubits)

# Test Circuit
circ.measure(range(n_qubits), range(n_qubits))

# Basis gates
basis_gates = ['id', 'h', 'rx', 'rz', 'cz']

# Example error probabilities
p = 0.05

# QuantumError objects
error_gate1 = pauli_error([('X',p), ('I', 1 - p)])
error_gate2 = error_gate1.tensor(error_gate1)

# Add errors to noise model
noise_bit_flip = NoiseModel(basis_gates)
noise_bit_flip.add_all_qubit_quantum_error(error_gate1, ["h", "rx","rz"])
noise_bit_flip.add_all_qubit_quantum_error(error_gate2, ["cz"])


# Backend
simulator = QasmSimulator()

# Run the noisy simulation
job = execute(circ, simulator,
              basis_gates = noise_bit_flip.basis_gates,
              noise_model = noise_bit_flip)
result_bit_flip = job.result()
counts_bit_flip = result_bit_flip.get_counts(0)

# Plot noisy output

1 Answer 1


If you call execute with the parameter optimization_level set to 0, qiskit will not perform any circuit optimizations.

Your call should therefore be

job = execute(circ, simulator,
              noise_model = noise_bit_flip)

The optimization level can be 0-3 inclusive depending on how much optimization you would like terra to perform. By default optimization level 1, which performs some light optimization, is chosen.

  • $\begingroup$ I see. So when I specified basis_gates = noise_bit_flip.basis_gates inside execute it tried to unroll the circuit in terms of the basis gates that I provided. And Qiskit did not know how to do that unroll. $\endgroup$ Commented Oct 16, 2019 at 14:39

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