# Eliminating a term of a superposition state

Is there a way of eliminating a term of a superposition state? Let's say I have the state

$$\frac{1}{\sqrt 2}|00\rangle + \frac{1}{2}|01\rangle + \frac{1}{2}|10\rangle$$

What operation would I do to eliminate the state $$|00\rangle$$? And be left with only the terms $$|01\rangle + |10\rangle$$. I'm looking for a general solution, an idea, rather than one specific to this case.

If you've got

$$|\Psi\rangle = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}|00\rangle+\frac{1}{2} \Big( |01\rangle + |10\rangle \Big)$$

and you want to suppress state $$|00\rangle$$ using two ancillary qubits, you can

• apply a negated Toffoli gate to an ancillary qubit q as target
• apply Hadamard to a second ancillary q
• Toffoli $$\mathbf{CCX}(q,q,q)$$
• $$\mathbf{X}(q)$$
• $$\mathbf{CCX}(q,q,q)$$

and you'll obtain

$$|\Psi_1\rangle = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\Big( |01\rangle + |10\rangle \Big)$$

Simplyfing: In general (if the state $$|\Psi\rangle$$ is not a simple superposition) you can use a negated Toffoli gate (or a series of $$n-1$$ negated Toffoli gates for an input register of $$n$$ qubits) to get the state $$|00\rangle$$ (or the state $$|0\rangle^n$$ for an input register of $$n$$ qubits) to an ancillary qubit (or $$n-1$$ ancillary qubits) and then suppress it to obtain the desired result (this depends on the result you want to obtain).