# How do I translate a quantum circuit for computing x + y mod 8 into a program? I have made the above quantum circuit that gives the mod $$8=2^3$$ operation between $$|x\rangle$$ and $$|y\rangle$$. Now I want to write its corresponding program using some language. Where can I do that i.e. online or on my hardware? And what programming language can I use for this purpose? Also please check my circuit for correctness.

• Comments are not for extended discussion; this conversation has been moved to chat. – Sanchayan Dutta May 18 '19 at 18:09
• Could you clarify what operation between x and y you want to do with this circuit, and what is the role of the 7th qubit? It doesn't look like an ancilla, since you don't uncompute it. – Mariia Mykhailova May 20 '19 at 16:03
• The 7th qubit stores the 'OR' of the 2nd and 5th qubit, afterwards yes it has to be uncomputed – Upstart May 20 '19 at 16:56
• Urgh, that flickering sample gate in the bottom left is a bug in the current version of quirk... – Craig Gidney May 20 '19 at 22:34
• What is the "mod 8 operation between x and y"? Are you trying to compute x mod y? x+y modulo 8? x=y modulo 8? Your question isn't clear. – Craig Gidney May 20 '19 at 22:35

I'm not sure if you are trying to represent $$x$$ and $$y$$ in little-endian or big-endian format, but either way the circuit does not look correct.

Let's consider the case of $$x = 2$$ and $$y = 2$$: they are conveniently represented the same way in LE and BE formats, as $$010$$, so the encoding will only matter when reading out the answer.

• You start with $$|010\ 010\ 0\rangle$$ (writing the states of the qubits in top-to-bottom order).
• After the first 3 gates you'll get $$|010\ 010\ 1\rangle$$ - indeed, OR of these wires is 1.
• The next three gates are controlled on the first qubit, which is in state $$|0\rangle$$, so we can ignore them: still $$|010\ 010\ 1\rangle$$.
• The second-to-last CNOT is executed: $$|010\ 000\ 1\rangle$$.
• The last CNOT has no effect again, so the final answer is $$000$$ - no matter whether you read it as little-endian or big-endian, it yields an incorrect sum of 0.

I believe this circuit doesn't handle the second carry bit properly.

For reference, here is the Q# code I wrote to test this circuit and find a test case for which it fails (you mentioned in the chat that you tried Quantum Development Kit, so this might be helpful):

// Allocate x, y and auxiliary qubits
using ((x, y, a) = (Qubit, Qubit, Qubit())) {
for (xint in 0..7) {
for (yint in 0..7) {
// x and y qubits start in |0⟩ state; set them to their starting values - in little-endian
ApplyPauliFromBitString(PauliX, true, IntAsBoolArray(xint, 3), x);
ApplyPauliFromBitString(PauliX, true, IntAsBoolArray(yint, 3), y);

// Calculate x + y mod 8 using the circuit
// (assume the wires top to bottom are x0, x1, x2, y0, y1, y2, a)
CCNOT(x, y, a);
CNOT(x, a);
CNOT(y, a);
Controlled X([x, y, a], y);
CCNOT(x, y, y);
CNOT(x, y);
CNOT(x, y);
CNOT(x, y);

// Read out the result from y register (still as LE)
let sum = MeasureInteger(LittleEndian(y));
if (sum != (xint + yint) % 8) {
Message(\$"Incorrect sum for x = {xint}, y = {yint}: sum = {sum}");
}

// Reset all qubits before next iteration
ResetAll(x);
ResetAll(y);
Reset(a);
}
}
}


You can switch it to using big-endian by wrapping IntAsBoolArray and y register in measurement line in Reverse function to reverse the order of qubits.

As a side note, Q# has a library implementation of an adder, you can look it up here.

• Yes you are right i see my mistake. The second carry is not being computed correctly. How to remove this error? – Upstart May 22 '19 at 5:39
• I would take a paper on quantum adders and implement the case for 3 qubits. The simplest one is arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0008033, if you need fewer ancilla qubits you can look at arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0410184v1 (this is also the one implemented in Q# library). – Mariia Mykhailova May 22 '19 at 6:42