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I am currently working on the 5-qubit ([[5,1,3]]) code. I need to understand what it means for an error to commute with the stabilizers. I also need to calculate the commutator of an error with the stabilizers. The stabilizers for the 5-qubit code are XZZXI, IXZZX, XIXZZ and ZXIXZ. Can someone provide an example of how to calculate such a commutator? I do have a hard time figuring that out from available literature online. Thank you in advance.

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Try writing out each stabilizer as a binary string. In this case, you'll have strings of length 10, the first 5 corresponding to X positions, and the second 5 corresponding to Z positions. Hence, for your first stabilizer, you have $$ s_1=\{1,0,0,1,0|0,1,1,0,0\} $$ Now, an error can also be written in this way: $$ e=\{x,z\}. $$ From this I can calculate if the two commute: $$ s_1\cdot\{z,x\}\equiv 0\text{ mod }2. $$ Note that I switch the order the $x$ and $z$ (this is because I wantto count the number of positions in which X and Z operators meet, since these are the ones that anticommute). Thus, if I construct a matrix $$ S=\left(\begin{array}{c} s_1 \\ s_2 \\ s_3 \\ s_4 \end{array}\right) $$ then any vector that is a null vector modulo 2 (i.e. is an eigenvector of 0 eigenvalue) specifies an operator that commutes.

I find Mathematica very helpful to calculate these things, e.g. with the command

NullSpace[S,Modulus->2]
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  • $\begingroup$ Thank you, it is a very clear answer! $\endgroup$ Nov 22, 2022 at 14:20

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