I'm trying to build a gaussian pulse in qiskit where I keep the amplitude as a parameter but for the followig code

theta = Parameter('θ')

with pulse.build(backend, name='example') as program:
  dur = 100
  amp = theta
  sig = 20
  gaussian_pulse = library.gaussian(dur, amp, sig)
  pulse.play(gaussian_pulse, pulse.drive_channel(0))

I get an error that ParametricExpression cannot be cast as complex. From the documentation it seems that gaussian(duration, amp, sigma) takes the input (Union[complex, ParameterExpression]) for amp but I have not been able to get the input to work. Has anyone found a way around this?


1 Answer 1


Just change library.gaussian to become library.Gaussian with capital G.

Qiskit Pulse contains both qiskit.pulse.library.gaussian and qiskit.pulse.library.Gaussian

gaussian is a function with the signature:

def gaussian(
    duration: int, amp: complex, sigma: float, name: Optional[str] = None, zero_ends: bool = True
) -> Waveform

Note the type of amp parameter.

And Gaussian is a class whose constructor has the signature:

def __init__(
    duration: Union[int, ParameterExpression],
    amp: Union[complex, ParameterExpression],
    sigma: Union[float, ParameterExpression],
    name: Optional[str] = None,
    limit_amplitude: Optional[bool] = None,

Again, note the type of amp parameter.

As you want to create a parametric pulse, you need the Gaussian class not the gaussian function!


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