# What does the expression $\langle y^{(n)}|\otimes𝟙 \,|\Psi_b\rangle$ mean?

I'm trying to understand the following paper, https://journals.aps.org/prresearch/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevResearch.3.013167, but I'm new to quantum computing. In it they use this expression: $$\langle y^{(n)}|\otimes𝟙 \,|\Psi_b\rangle.$$ What is this operator and what effect does it have on the state $$\Psi_b$$? I think it is some sort of projection of the state $$y^{(n)}$$ into $$\Psi_b$$ based on the context although that would be written as $$|y^{(n)}\rangle\langle y^{(n)}|\Psi_b\rangle$$. Thanks for the help.

• are you referring to the equation at the end of page 3, first column? For doublestruck 1 see math.meta.stackexchange.com/a/33303/173147. Easiest way is to paste the unicode symbol: 𝟙
– glS
Dec 18, 2021 at 17:53
• Yes that is the equation I was referring to. Dec 19, 2021 at 13:34

It likely simply refers to a partial projection. It will probably be clearer using some parentheses: $$\langle y^{(n)}|\otimes𝟙 \,|\Psi_b\rangle \equiv (\langle y^{(n)}|\otimes𝟙 )|\Psi_b\rangle$$ where 𝟙 is the identity matrix.
For example, you have $$(\langle 0|\otimes 𝟙)(|00\rangle+|01\rangle+|10\rangle) = |0\rangle+|1\rangle.$$