I'm trying to learn about the physics of ion traps, and my understanding is that an ion can be moved from a ground state to an excited state by stimulation with a laser pulse. More specifically, this is a Raman transition: the ion absorbs an incoming photon and reaches a "virtual state", then releases a photon and decays back down to either the initial state or the excited state.
The emitted photon is thus entangled with the qubit. To maintain coherence, it needs to fit into a coherent state such as a laser state.
However, everything I've read about this kind of scattering states that the outgoing photon has a random direction (which I assume means a superposition of directions until the outgoing photons start interacting with the environment). If this happens, then the outgoing photon is no longer part of the coherent laser state (which is mostly propagated in the original direction). All outgoing photons will be correlated with the qubit, and so when they interact with the environment, they will decohere the qubit.
It seems like the only way to maintain coherence would be if the outgoing photons had the same momentum (but why would this happen?) or if there was so much scattering that there was effectively a coherent scattered state that was only weakly entangled with the trapped ion. Is any of this accurate?