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Say for 3 qubits, I want a super position of 0 (000), 2 (010), and 7 (111). Is there a general algorithm for building this superposition? Or for an even super position of N integers?

Part of me feels like I am looking to trisect an angle.

Thanks!

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You certainly can do this, because there's a general algorithm for producing any state that you want. In this specific case, you can do so more directly. There's a few options, but imagine you want to produce the state $$ \alpha|000\rangle+\beta|010\rangle+\gamma|111\rangle. $$ I would probably start from the state $|000\rangle$ and perform a single-qubit rotation on the first qubit to create $$ (\sqrt{|\alpha|^2+|\beta|^2}|0\rangle+\gamma|1\rangle)|00\rangle. $$ Then performing two controlled-nots, both controlled off the first qubit, I can convert this into $$ \sqrt{|\alpha|^2+|\beta|^2}|000\rangle+\gamma|111\rangle. $$

Next, imagine the single-qubit unitary $U$ such that $$ U|0\rangle=(\alpha|0\rangle+\beta|1\rangle)/\sqrt{|\alpha|^2+|\beta|^2}. $$ All I have to do is apply this to qubit 2 controlled off qubit 1 being in the $|0\rangle$ state, and I'm done!

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    $\begingroup$ Thank you for doing the quick math I avoided for too long! $\endgroup$
    – Craig
    Nov 6, 2021 at 6:59

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