CTs / ZEFOZs: Energy level structures that include avoided crossings at accessible energies tend to be resilient to noise and therefore present high coherence times, at least in the case of spin qubits and magnetic noise: as the at first order effect of the magnetic field on the qubit energy vanishes, so does effectively most magnetic noise. Different people call these Atomic Clock Transitions (CTs or ACTs) or Zero First-Order-Zeeman (ZEFOZ) shift, but it's essentially the same phenomenon. This is experimentally expressed as high spin-spin $T_2$ relaxation times, even in presence of relatively high sources of noise.
However, in a quantum computing scenario, what we want is typically not a qubit surviving for long periods of inactivity (high $T_2$) but rather to obtain a high fidelity after a series of quantum gates, which can in general be rather complicated and involve entanglement with other qubits.
My question: Do CTs / ZEFOZs with their high relaxation times generally also translate into a high fidelity after a complicated series of quantum gates?
For context, the examples I have in mind are solid-state, mainly these two:
- Enhancing coherence in molecular spin qubits via atomic clock transitions (Shiddiq et al, doi: 10.1038/nature16984)
- Reducing decoherence in optical and spin transitions in rare-earth-ion doped materials (McAuslan et al, doi: 10.1103/PhysRevA.85.032339)
As well as this more refined variation, with electric field:
- Silicon quantum processor with robust long-distance qubit couplings (Tosi et al, doi:10.1038/s41467-017-00378-x)