I was reading a paper Quantum Polar codes by Mark M. Wilde, where he discusses the N uses of the channel in the classical-quantum channel setting. What does he mean by "multiple channel uses"?

In the above context I want to use a depolarization channel $\Delta_{\lambda}$ [1](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_depolarizing_channel) over which $N$ qubits are transmitted. To accomplish this task I have two ideas given below, and I am not sure if either one of them is correct.

Two options:

  1. Should I evolve each of $N$ qubits by $\Delta_{\lambda}(\rho_i)$ indivisually and then do a tensor $\hat{\rho_i}\bigotimes\hat{\rho_{i+1}}\bigotimes,...,\bigotimes\hat{\rho_N}$,to get final state
  2. Or should I input a composite state first and the evolve it as $\Delta_{\lambda}(\rho^{\otimes N}) = \lambda\rho^{\otimes N}+\frac{1- \lambda}{2^N}I_{(2^N X \,2^N)}$

A rough sketch about what I am want to do

  • $\begingroup$ Isn't it like,if you send one qubit in a single use of the channel, then you send n qubits in n use of the channel? $\endgroup$ – Curious Mind Dec 2 '20 at 1:13
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ Please add a link to the reference and the surrounding context. It probably means applying the same channel $\mathcal{E}$, $N$ times, namely, the channel $\mathcal{E} \circ \mathcal{E} \circ \cdots \circ \mathcal{E}$. Or, it could mean, applying the $N$ copies of the channel on $N$ copies of the system, which would be $\mathcal{E}^{\otimes N}$. $\endgroup$ – keisuke.akira Dec 2 '20 at 5:33
  • $\begingroup$ @keisuke.akira : I have updated my post, please give some suggestions. $\endgroup$ – Najeeb Ullah Dec 2 '20 at 10:48
  • $\begingroup$ could you please show how (2) was derived? $\endgroup$ – Curious Mind Dec 2 '20 at 18:18
  • $\begingroup$ Each of the $x_i$ is embedded into its respective $\rho_i$ and then Tensor them to get $\rho^{\otimes^N}$ and the rest is depolarization linear map. $\endgroup$ – Najeeb Ullah Dec 3 '20 at 8:09

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